This book presents an accessible introduction to the diverse and wide-ranging ethical aspects of war and peace. In a fair-minded and engaging analysis, Nigel Dower introduces the different ethical theories in traditional and contemporary debates - realism, just war theory and pacifism - and subjects each to detailed critical scrutiny. He frames these debates within a related but distinct framework of three approaches to international relations, namely sceptical realism, internationalism and cosmopolitanism. The book also identifies and evaluates two further important perspectives, militarism and pacificism. Whilst analysing the advantages and disadvantages of the different outlooks, Dower makes a strong case for a cosmopolitan pacificist position, arguing that we need to see peace in more positive terms than merely the absence of war. The book uses a wide range of examples from across the world, including discussions of nuclear weapons, new wars, terrorism, humanitarian intervention and human security.
Written as a textbook for those who have no prior knowledge of philosophical ethics, The Ethics of War and Peace is designed to help students understand how to engage ethically with the world. At the end of each chapter there is a helpful set of questions for individual reflection or group discussion.
This book will be essential reading for students of security studies, conflict resolution, peace studies, philosophy and political theory, and anyone interested in the ethical questions which arise from the study of war and peace.
About the Author
Table of Contents
1 The Ethics of War and Peace: Preliminary Considerations 1
2 Realism and Militarism 29
3 Internationalism and Cosmopolitanism 52
4 The Justification of War 81
5 Pacifism, Nonviolence and the Way of Peace 110
6 Peace and Pacificism 137
7 Modern Issues 161
8 Conclusion 189