The Ethics of War is an indispensable collection of essaysaddressing issues both timely and age-old about the nature andethics of war.
- Features essays by great thinkers from ancient times through tothe present day, among them Plato, Augustine, Aquinas, Machiavelli,Grotius, Kant, Russell, and Walzer
- Examines timely questions such as: When is recourse to armsmorally justifiable? What moral constraints should apply tomilitary conduct? How can a lasting peace be achieved?
- Will appeal to a broad range of readers interested in moralityand ethics in war time
Includes informative introductions and helpful marginal notes byeditors
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About the Author
Gregory M. Reichberg is Senior Researcher at theInternational Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) where he headsthe Institute’s Program on Ethics, Norms, and Identities. Heis editor of The Classics of Western Philosophy: AReader’s Guide (with Jorge J. E. Gracia and Bernard N.Schumacher, Blackwell 2003) and he has published numerous articleson the ethics of war and peace.
Henrik Syse is Senior Researcher associated with PRIO andthe Ethics Program at the University of Oslo, and Head of CorporateGovernance at Norges Bank Investment Management. He is the authorof Natural Law, Religion, and Rights (2006).
Endre Begby is Fulbright Fellow in the Department ofPhilosophy at the University of Pittsburgh.
Table of Contents
Part I: Ancient and Early Christian.
1. Thucydides (ca. 460–ca. 400 BC): War and Power.
2. Plato (427–347 BC): Tempering War among theGreeks.
3. Aristotle (384–322 BC): Courage, Slavery, and CitizenSoldiers.
4. Roman Law of War and Peace (7th century BC–1st centuryAD): Ius Fetiale.
5. Cicero (106–43 BC): Civic Virtue as theFoundation of Peace.
6. Early Church Fathers (2nd–4th century): Pacifism andDefense of the Innocent.
7. Augustine (354–430): Just War in the Service ofPeace.
Part II: Medieval.
8. Medieval Peace Movements (975–1123): ReligiousLimitations on Warfare.
9. The Crusades (11th–13th century): Christian HolyWar.
10. Gratian and the Decretists (12th century): War and Coercionin the Decretum.
11. John of Salisbury (ca. 1120–1180): The Challenge ofTyranny.
12. Raymond of Peñafort (ca. 1175–1275) & Williamof Rennes (13th century):.
The Conditions of Just War, Self-Defense and their LegalConsequences under Penitential Jurisdiction.
13. Innocent IV (ca. 1180–1254): The Kinds of Violence andthe Limits of Holy War.
14. Alexander of Hales (ca. 1185–1245): VirtuousDispositions in Warfare.
15. Hostiensis (ca. 1200–1271): A Topology of Internal andExternal War.
16. Thomas Aquinas (ca. 1225–1274): Just War and Sinsagainst Peace.
17. Dante Alighieri: (1265–1321): Peace by UniversalMonarchy.
18. Bartolus of Saxoferrato (ca. 1313–1357): Roman War inChristendom.
19. Christine de Pizan (ca. 1364–ca. 1431): War andChivalry.
20. Raphaël Fulgosius (1367–1427): Just War Reducedto Public War.
Part III: Late Scholastic and Reformation.
21. Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466–1536): The Spurious‘Right to War’.
22. Cajetan (1468-1534): War and Vindicative Justice.
23. Niccolò Machiavelli (1469–1527): War Is Just toWhom It Is Necessary.
24. Thomas More (ca. 1478-1535): Warfare in Utopia.
25. Martin Luther (1483-1546) and Jean Calvin (1509-1564):Legitimate War in Reformed Christianity.
26. The Radical Reformation: Religious Rationales for Violenceand Pacifism (16th Century).
27. Francisco de Vitoria: (ca. 1492–1546): Just War in theAge of Discovery.
28. Luis de Molina (1535–1600): Distinguishing War fromPunishment.
29. Francisco Suárez (1548–1617): Justice, Charity,and War.
30. Alberico Gentili (1552–1608): The Advantages ofPreventive War.
31. Johannes Althusius (1557–1638): Defending theCommonwealth.
32. Hugo Grotius (1583–1645): The Theory of Just WarSystematized.
Part IV: Modern.
33. Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679): Solving the Problem ofCivil War.
34. Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677): The Virtue of Peace.
35. Samuel von Pufendorf (1632–1694): War in an EmergingSystem of States.
36. John Locke (1632–1704): The Rights of Man and theLimits of Just Warfare.
37. Christian von Wolff (1679–1754): Bilateral Rights ofWar.
38. Montesquieu (1689–1755): National Self-Preservationand the Balance of.
39. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778): SupranationalGovernment and Peace.
40. Emer de Vattel (1714–1767): War in Due Form.
41. Immanuel Kant: (1724–1804): Cosmopolitan Rights, HumanProgress, and Perpetual Peace.
42. G.W.F. Hegel (1770–1831): War and the Spirit of theNation-State.
43. Carl von Clausewitz (1780–1831): Ethics and MilitaryStrategy.
44. Daniel Webster (1782–1852): The Caroline Incident(1837).
45. Francis Lieber (1800–1872): Devising a Military Codeof Conduct.
46. John Stuart Mill (1806–1873): Foreign Intervention andNational Autonomy.
47. Karl Marx (1818–1883) & Friedrich Engels(1820–1895): War as an.
Instrument of Emancipation.
Part V: 20th Century.
48. Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924): The Dream of a League ofNations.
49. Bertrand Russell (1872–1970): Pacifism and ModernWar.
50. Hans Kelsen (1881–1973): Bellum Iustum inInternational Law.
51. Paul Ramsey (1913–1988): Nuclear Weapons andLegitimate Defense.
52. G.E.M. Anscombe (1919–2001): The Moral Recklessness ofPacifism.
53. John Rawls (1921–2002): The Moral Duties ofStatesmen.
54. Michael Walzer (b. 1935): Terrorism and Ethics.
55. Thomas Nagel (b. 1937): The Logic of Hostility.
56. James Turner Johnson (b. 1938): Contemporary Just War.
57. National Conference of Catholic Bishops (1983 & 1993): APresumption against War.
58. Kofi Annan (b. 1938): Toward a New Definition ofSovereignty.