Western industrial societies underwent a massive transformation during the 1980s, and this was particularly noticeable in the older cities whose economies were based on labour-intensive industry. In the period following World War II, racial and ethnic minorities who migrated from overseas, or from the rural areas within the same country, formed a pool of low-paid labour upon which the prosperity of the industrial city depended. With the subsequent reorganisation of these economies, industrial production shifted overseas, while the new technological industries expanded locally, requiring fewer, and better skilled workers. The consequence for those seemingly excluded from the prosperity of the post-industrial age was disastrous. In this collection of essays, which was published in 1992 and edited by Malcolm Cross, leading authorities compare the situation of racial minorities in the post-industrial cities of Europe and North America, and examine ways in which their position can be ameliorated.
Table of Contents
List of illustrations; List of tables; Notes on contributors; Preface and acknowledgements; Introduction: migration, the city and the urban dispossessed Malcolm Cross; Part I. Migration and Economic Restructuring: 1. Migration and the new international division of labour Robin Cohen; 2. Migrants and minorities in post-Keynesian capitalism: the German case Stephen Castles; 3. Deindustrialisation and racial minorities in the Great Lakes region, USA Richard Child Hill and Cynthia Negrey; 4. Black workers, recession and economic restructuring in the West Midlands Malcolm Cross; 5. Jobs for the girls: the productions of women's outerwear in the UK Annie Phizacklea; Part II. The City and the Underclass: 6. Urban concentration and segregation in Europe since 1945 Ceri Peach; 7. Urban disadvantage and racial minorities in the UK David Eversley; 8. Racial minorities in the London labour and housing markets: a longitudinal analysis, 1971-81 Chris Hamnett and Bill Randolph; 9. Native blacks, new immigrants and the post-industrial transformation in New York Roger Waldinger; 10. The new immigration and urban ethnicity in the United States Alisdair Rogers; 11. Urban industrial restructuring and minority problems in the US and Germany John D. Kasarda, Jürgen Friedrichs and Kay Ehlers; 12. The urban underclass and mismatch theory re-examined Norman Fainstein; References; Index.