REA’s EXAM Notes™ are double-sided, laminated reference charts that contain all the information students need on a single reference card. They are colorful and exceptionally well-organized to simplify and speed study. The most often used and required facts and formulas are included. EXAM Notes function as study tools, homework aids, for reference at work. European History 1648-1789 EXAM Notes cover international relations, economic developments, science, learning, Bourbon France, Hapsburg and Bourbon Spain, Austria and Central Europe, Prussia and the Hohenzollerns, the Dutch Republic, England, Scotland and Ireland, Russia and the Romanovs, Italy and the Papacy, the Ottoman Empire, the culture of Baroque and Rococo.