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Europeanization and National Politics by Robert Ladrech

Until recently most studies of European integration have tended to focus on European-level institutions and developments. Significant changes at national level were often overlooked until Europeanization emerged as a distinct focus of research, addressing the adjustments made by national administrations to take account of their European commitments.

This important new text provides a systematic assessment of Europeanization and a synthesis of the existing theoretical debates and empirical research in the area. It examines the relationship between European and national institutions, in particular executives, parliaments and courts, as well as the changing role of parties and interest groups in the new Europe. In considering the impact of the European Union on policy, the author distinguishes between 'hard.' and 'soft' policy proposals and explains how national governments incorporate EU policy into their statute books.

Offering a cohesive approach to Europeanization examined in a range of national contexts, this book will be essential reading for students of European politics and for a broader readership interested in understanding the relation between European and national-level politics.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781403918758
Publisher: Macmillan Education UK
Publication date: 04/15/2010
Series: The European Union Series
Edition description: 2010
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

ROBERT LADRECH is Senior Lecturer in Politics and Director of the Keele European Research Centre, Keele University, UK.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements x

Introduction 1

Europeanization of member states: what significance? 2

Why Europeanization rather than globalization? 4

Explaining the emergence of the Europeanization concept 7

Development and (near) consolidation of an approach 12

Organization of the book 16

1 Europeanization: Conceptual Developments and a Framework for Analysis 19

What is the meaning of 'member state'? 19

The direction of influence: 'top-down' 21

Dimensions of domestic change: where does the EU affect its member states? 23

Polity (institutions) 25

Policy 29

Mechanisms of domestic change: how does the EU impact its member states? 31

Outcome of domestic change: what is the extent of change? 35

Europeanization and the post-communist experience 38

A methodological consideration 40

2 National Executives 44

EU decision-making and national executives 44

A privileged position? 46

From pressures of membership to misfit 51

National coordination of EU affairs 53

Institutional adjustment to EU policy output 61

Strengthening of the national executive vis-à-vis national legislatures 66

The national executive in the post-communist context 67

Conclusion: explaining national variation in executive change 69

National Parliaments 71

National parliaments: 'losers' in the integration process? 71

Role and responsibilities of national parliaments in EU affairs 73

Institutional change: multiple causes? 76

European Union influence on post-communist parliaments 87

Conclusion 88

4 Centre-Regional Relations 92

The changing nature of territorial relations in Western Europe 93

National and regional interests in EU policy-making 96

Compound states 99

Simple states 106

Regional developments in post-communist member states 109

Mechanisms of change in central-regional relations 110

Conclusion 111

5 National Courts 114

Legal integration and mechanisms of change: the development of the ECJ 116

New roles for national courts 119

The post-communist experience 123

Conclusion 125

6 Political Parties 128

Parties, politics and the EU 129

Europeanization and domestic politics 130

Europeanization and political parties 134

Europeanization and parties in post-communist member states 140

Conclusion 143

7 Interest Groups and Social Movements 146

How does the EU affect interest group behaviour? 148

How does the EU affect social movements? 149

How do interest groups and social movements respond to EU policy outputs? 151

Europeanization and post-communist interest groups and social movements 160

Conclusion 162

8 National Policy 165

EU policy and national policy-making systems 165

Types of EU policy influence on member states: 'hard' and 'soft' 168

The domestic impact of 'hard' EU policies 172

The domestic impact of 'soft' policies 182

Post-communist experience of policy change: adaptation or transformation? 185

Conclusion 187

9 Foreign Policy 190

Developing a European foreign policy? 192

Europeanization and national foreign policy: dimensions and mechanisms 194

Europeanization and foreign policy change: methodological issues 199

Europeanization and foreign policy change: is there a singular post-communist dimension? 202

Conclusion 204

10 Conclusion 206

Relations between member states and Brussel 207

Europeanization and national state transformation 208

Europeanization as a normative concern 211

Concluding remarks 213

Bibliography 216

Index 233

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From the Publisher

Accessible... rigorous... essential reading for students of European politics.' - Stella Ladi, JCMS

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