Its title would have you think this book is about the way Americans avoid military service; its contents are a cogent and expert philosophical analysis of attitudes toward service. Gold begins by examining the American philosophy of military service, and then analyzes the American Revolution and the Vietnam War in light of that philosophy. He discusses not only why Americans chose not to participate in each war, but also why they did participate. His conclusion is that Vietnam was a failure of mind, not of morality. Finally, there is a discussion of current military policy, with important questions that must be answered lest our defenses deteriorate in the future. For most libraries. Edward Gibson, James Madison Univ. Lib., Harrisonburg, Va.