ISBN-10:
1449624065
ISBN-13:
2901449624063
Pub. Date:
12/17/2010
Publisher:
Jones & Bartlett Learning
Evidence-Based Nursing / Edition 2

Evidence-Based Nursing / Edition 2

by Sarah Jo Brown

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901449624063
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication date: 12/17/2010
Edition description: With Online Access Code
Pages: 429
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author


Consultant Emeritus, Evidence-Based Practice

Table of Contents

Lead-In xi

Part I Nursing Research 1

Chapter 1 The Research-Practice Connection 7

Research to Practice 7

Clinical Care Protocols 8

Evidence 9

Evidence-Based Practice 10

Short History of Evidence-Based Nursing Practice 12

Your Path to Evidence-Based Practice 14

References 15

Chapter 2 Research Evidence 17

Building Knowledge for Practice 18

Findings from an Original Study 19

Conclusions of a Systematic Review 22

Recommendations of an Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline 23

Going Forward 25

References 26

Chapter 3 Reading Research Articles 27

Starting Point 28

Format of Study Reports 29

Reading Approach 37

Wading In 37

References 38

Chapter 4 Qualitative Research 39

Research Traditions 40

Qualitative Description 43

Uniqueness of Qualitative Studies 46

Exemplar 47

Profile & Commentary 48

References 51

Chapter 5 Quantitative Descriptive Research 53

Methods 53

Study Variables 55

Good Data 58

Extraneous Variables 62

Target Population and Sampling 64

Surveys 70

Results 71

Exemplar 73

Profile & Commentary 74

References 81

Chapter 6 Correlational Research 83

Defining Relationship 83

Measuring a Relationship 84

Correlational Design 94

Profile & Commentary 99

References 103

Chapter 7 Experimental Research 105

Chapter Map 105

Section 1 Experimental Methods 106

Key Features of Experimental Studies 106

Measurement of the Outcome Variables 119

Limitations of Randomized Experiments 119

Quasi-Experimental Designs 120

Exemplar 121

Profile & Commentary: Why and How 133

Section 2 Study Results 137

More Effective? 137

Outcome Reported as a Mean 137

Attainment of an Outcome 145

Both Perspectives 147

Opinion Regarding Reporting of Outcomes 149

Exemplar 150

Profile & Commentary: Results 150

References 151

Chapter 8 Cohort Research 153

Design 153

Data Analysis and Results 155

Confounding 155

Other Limitations 155

Case-Control Studies 156

Wrap-Up 157

Exemplar 158

Profile & Commentary 166

References 173

Chapter 9 Systematic Reviews 175

Types of Systematic Reviews 175

Close and Distant Relatives of SRwNS 177

The SR Production Process 178

Use of SRwNS 186

Umbrella SRs 188

Exemplar 188

Profile & Commentary 206

References 208

Chapter 10 Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines 211

Forerunners to Care Protocols 212

EbCPG Production 214

Guideline Formats 222

Comorbidity 223

Guideline Producers 223

Profile & Commentary 239

References 241

Part II Evidence-Based Practice 243

Chapter 11 Asking Clinical Questions 249

Triggers 249

Questions Not Answerable by Research Evidence 251

Forming a Useful Project Question 253

References 257

Chapter 12 Searching for Research Evidence 259

Health Science Databases 260

Nonprofit International Organizations 262

Professional Specialty Organizations 263

Wrap-Up 264

Chapter 13 Appraising Research Evidence 265

Appraisal Systems 266

Appraisal in General 267

Practical Considerations 272

Already Appraised Evidence 273

Resources 274

Chapter 14 Appraising Recommendations of Clinical Practice Guidelines 275

Synopsis 276

Credibility 276

Clinical Significance 278

Applicability 279

Appraisal Guide Format 280

Your Turn 280

References 281

Chapter 15 Appraising Conclusions of Systematic Reviews with Narrative Synthesis 283

Synopsis 284

Credibility 284

Clinical Significance 286

Applicability 286

Your Turn 286

References 287

Chapter 16 Appraising Findings of Original Studies 289

Is This a Qualitative or Quantitative Study? 289

Broad Credibility Issues 290

Appraisal of the Findings of a Qualitative Study 292

Appraisal of the Findings of a Quantitative Study 293

Your Turn 297

Across-Studies Analysis 297

Wrap-Up 300

References 300

Chapter 17 Evidence-Based Practice Strategies 303

Research-Practice Lag 303

Embedding Evidence-Based Practice in Quality Improvement 305

Translating Evidence into Practice 307

Evaluate the Impact 312

Information Technology 313

Present and Future 315

Recap 315

References 316

Chapter 18 Evidence-Based Practice Participation 319

Capstone Project 319

Contribute to a Patient Care Conference 320

Join a Project Team 322

Make a Poster 323

Present an Idea or Concern 324

Build Your EBP Knowledge and Skills 325

Reference 326

Chapter 19 Point-of-Care Adaptations 327

Individualized Care Story 327

Point-of-Care Evidence-Based Practice Story 329

From Mobile Devices 330

The Information Intersection 333

My Ending-Your Beginning 334

References 335

Appendix A Appraisal Guide; Recommendations of a Clinical Practice Guideline 337

Appendix B Completed Appraisal; Recommendations of a Clinical Practice Guideline 341

Appendix C Appraisal Guide; Conclusions of a Systematic Review with Narrative Synthesis 347

Appendix D Completed Appraisal of a Systematic Review with Narrative Synthesis 351

Appendix E Appraisal Guide: Findings of a Qualitative Study 357

Appendix F Appraisal Guide: Findings of a Quantitative Study 361

Appendix G Completed Appraisal of the Findings of a Quantitative Study 365

Appendix H Completed Findings Table 369

Glossary 373

Index 385

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