ISBN-10:
1284098753
ISBN-13:
9781284098754
Pub. Date:
08/16/2016
Publisher:
Jones & Bartlett Learning
Evidence-Based Practice / Edition 2

Evidence-Based Practice / Edition 2

by Heather R. Hall, Linda A. Roussel

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781284098754
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication date: 08/16/2016
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 424
Sales rank: 149,064
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author


Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor, University of South Alabama College of Nursing, Mobile, Alabama


Visiting Professor, Texas Woman's University, Denton, Texas

Table of Contents

Contributors xiii

Foreword xix

Preface xxiii

Introduction: Interdisciplinary Collaboration and the Integration of Evidence-Based Practice Heather R. Hall Linda A. Roussel xxv

Part I Critical Appraisal of Research to Support Scholarship 1

1 Quantitative Research Susan L. Neely-Barnes Robin Lennon-Dearing 3

Objectives 3

Critical Appraisal 3

Quantitative Research 3

Sampling 6

Data Collection 7

Research Design 8

Group Design 10

One-Shot Case Study 11

One-Group Pretest-Posttest 12

Nonequivalent Comparison Groups 13

Time-Series Design 13

Case-Control Studies 14

Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design 15

Solomon Four-Group Design 15

Alternative Treatment Design or Dismantling Study 17

Reactivity and Placebo Effects 18

Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 18

Conclusion 20

Reflective Activities 21

References 21

2 Qualitative Research Heather R. Hall 23

Objectives 23

The Process of Qualitative Research 23

Investigative Procedures 25

Sampling 25

Collection of Data in Qualitative Research 26

Data Analysis and Interpretation of Findings 28

Methods of Qualitative Research 29

Phenomenological Research 29

Ethnographic Research 31

Historical Research 33

Grounded Theory Research 35

Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research 38

Strategies to Increase Quality 39

Meta-Synthesis 40

Disseminating Research Findings 41

Conclusion 41

Reflective Activities 41

References 42

3 Mixed Methods Research J. Carolyn Graff Objectives 47

Introduction 47

Purpose and Characteristics of Mixed Methods Research 49

Mixed Methods Designs 51

Mixing Qualitative and Quantitative Phases 54

Research Questions, Sampling, Data Collection, and Analysis 56

Conclusion 63

Reflective Activities 65

References 65

4 Data Analysis Madhuri S. Mulekar Kenda Jezek Sharon M. Fruh 67

Objectives 67

Importance of Data Analysis 67

Theorizing 68

Data Collection 69

Data Management 74

Active Waiting 75

Data Analysis 75

Writing Research landings 91

Other Aspects of Data Analysis 92

Some Methodologies for Data Collected Through Interviews and Focus Groups 93

Conclusion 95

Reflective Activities 96

References 97

5 Navigating the Institutional Review Board Ellen B. Buckner Heather R. Hall Linda A. Roussel Carolynn T. Jones 99

Objectives 99

Introduction 99

The Consent Form 111

Conclusion 116

Reflective Activities 122

References 122

6 Critical Appraisal of Research-Based Evidence Heather R. Hall Linda A. Roussel 125

Objectives 125

Introduction 125

Appraisal of Quantitative Research-Based Evidence 126

Appraisal of Qualitative Research-Based Evidence 129

Critique of A Systematic Review 129

Conclusion 133

Reflective Activities 142

References 142

Part II Scholarship of Administrative Practice 145

7 Evidence-Based Leadership Practices Valorie Dearmon 147

Objectives 147

Introduction 147

Environmental Context 148

Evidence-Base for Leadership Practice 150

Leadership Theory 151

Leadership Models 151

Antecedents of Leadership 154

Leadership Competencies 155

Leadership Essentials 156

Transformational Leaders 158

Conclusion 160

Reflective Activities 161

References 161

8 Evaluating Organizational Frameworks for Systems Change Patricia L. Thomas 167

Objectives 167

Introduction 167

Organizational Culture Theory 168

Systems Thinking 170

Kanter's Structural Theory of Organizational Behavior 171

Shared Governance and Distributed Leadership 171

Just Culture 177

Culture of Safety 181

Conclusion 184

Reflective Activities 185

References 185

9 The Nature of the Evidence: Microsystems, Macrosystems, and Mesosystems Linda A. Roussel 191

Objectives 191

Introduction 191

The 5 Ps 196

Clinical Microsystem and Areas of Practice 198

Systems, Networks, and Marketplaces 198

Characteristics of Microsystems 199

Transforming Care at the Bedside 200

Small Troubles, Adaptive Responses (STAR-2): Frontline Nurse Engagement in Quality Improvement 201

Microsystems, Macrosystems, Mesosystems, and Quality 202

Systems Thinking and Organizational Learning 202

Properties 204

Leadership and System Change 204

Leadership, Change Management, and Engagement 205

Reflective Activities 210

References 211

10 Quality Improvement and Safety Science: Historical and Future Perspectives Shea Polancich Linda A. Roussel Anne Miller 213

Objectives 213

Introduction 213

History of Quality Improvement in Health Care 214

Structure, Process, and Outcomes 215

Understanding the Microsystem and the Macrosystem 216

The Methodological Foundation for Quality Improvement: The Model for Improvement 216

Change Management 224

Quality and Safety Improvement 225

Reflective Activities 229

References 229

11 Improvement Science: Impact on Quality and Patient Safety Mary E. Geary Linda Roussel 231

Objectives 231

Introduction 231

Basic Concepts of Quality and Patient Safety 232

High-Reliability Organizations 234

Incorporating Patient Safety in the Quality Model 235

Examples of Model Application 240

Quality Improvement Commentary 244

Reflective Activities 244

References 245

12 Health Policy and Evidence-Based Practice: The Quality, Safety, and Financial Incentive Link James L. Harris 247

Objectives 247

Introduction 247

Health Policy, Evidence, and Evidence-Based Practice Defined 248

Historical Influences and Drivers of Health Policy and Evidence-Based Practice 249

Translating Evidence Into Health Policy for Success 252

Health Policy Barriers, Gaps, and Unintended Consequences of Evidence 253

Evidence-Based Tools for Overcoming Barriers, Gaps, and Unintended Consequences 254

Financial Incentives of Evidence-Based Health Policy 255

Global Impact of Evidence-Based Health Policy and Reform 257

Conclusion 257

Reflective Activities 258

References 258

Part III Scholarship of Clinical Practice 265

13 Philosophical and Theoretical Perspectives Guiding Inquiry Heather R. Hall Linda A. Roussel 267

Objectives 267

Introduction 267

Philosophy 267

Theory, Model, and Framework 270

Ladder of Abstraction 272

The Double ABCX Model of Family Behavior 273

Complexity, Change, and Sense Making: Theoretical Perspectives of Administrative Practice 277

Clinical Question Development Using Frameworks 279

Reflective Activities 280

References 280

14 Introduction to Evidence-Based Research Clista Clanton 283

Objectives 283

The Evolution of the Evidence-Based Movement in Health Care 283

Evidence-Based Nursing 284

Hierarchy of Resources 293

Translational Research 295

Reflective Activities 297

References 297

15 Technology Supporting the Search for Evidence Trey Lemley 301

Objectives 301

Single Studies 302

Example of a Search in CINAHL 304

Synopses of Studies 310

Syntheses 310

Synopses of Syntheses 311

Summaries 312

Selected Organizations That Support Evidence-Based Practice and Research 312

Reflective Activities 317

References 317

16 A Doctor of Nursing Practice Systems Change Project: Educating for Early Intervention in Methamphetamine-Exposed Children and Families Sara C. Majors 319

Objectives 319

Background 319

Selected Evidence 322

Aim of the Project 324

Conceptualization 325

Implementation 325

Impact and Outcomes 327

Evaluation Plan 328

Conclusion 328

Reflective Activities 329

References 329

17 Integrating Research-Based Evidence Into Clinical Practice Linda A. Roussel Elizabeth S. Pratt Heather R. Hall 331

Objectives 331

Evidence for Implementation of Best Practice 332

A Culture of Clinical Inquiry 332

Addressing Challenges in the Culture 334

Project Site Assessment 334

Project Planning 335

Project Implementation 336

Discussion 341

Conclusion 342

Reflective Activities 354

References 354

18 Evidence-Based Practice in the Global Community: Building Bridges Gordana Dermody 357

Objectives 357

Evidence-Based Practice in the Global Community 357

Nurses as Bridge Builders to Harness the Power of Knowledge 358

Challenges to Integrating Evidence-Based Practice in the Global Community 359

Unique Challenges to Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in the Global Community 359

Attitudes, Knowledge, and Skills of Nurse Educators and Organizational Support 360

Building Bridges to Evidence-Based Practice in a Global Community: Useful Strategies 361

Theoretical Framework and Models 362

Kotter's Change Management Theory 363

References 371

19 Barriers to Evidence-Based Practice in Developing Countries Duygu Hiçdurmaz Handan Boztepe Linda A. Roussel 375

Objectives 375

Importance of Evidence-Based Practice for Developing Countries 375

Barriers to Evidence-Based Practice in Developing Countries 376

Strategies for Overcoming Barriers to Evidence-Based Practice in Developing Countries 380

Conclusion 385

Reflective Activities 385

References 385

20 Dissemination of the Evidence Heather R. Hall Linda A. Roussel 389

Objectives 389

Publishing in Peer-Reviewed Journals 389

Presentations 390

Journal Club Presentations 394

Executive Summary 395

Digital Repository 396

Redundant Publications 397

Conclusion 397

Reflective Activities 398

References 398

Conclusion: Collaborating for Clinical Scholarship Through Integration of Evidence-Based Practice Linda A. Roussel Heather R. Hall 401

Index 407

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