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Evolution of American Urban Society / Edition 7

Evolution of American Urban Society / Edition 7

by Howard P. Chudacoff
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900136015719
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 11/03/2009
Series: MySearchLab Series for History Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 336
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

New co-author, Peter Baldwin of the University of Connecticut

Read an Excerpt

Since 1975, when The Evolution of American Urban Society was first published, American cities and the scholarship about the history of American cities have undergone consequential changes. Yet at the same time, there have been vital consistencies in both urban life and the scholarly focus on how American urban society has evolved. Throughout almost three decades, the authors of this book have maintained their focus on the social history of urban life, with special attention to the unfolding political and economic processes that have shaped the development of cities and the lives of urban dwellers. Equally important have been the ways that the actions of urban dwellers—the powerful and the ordinary—have influenced the course of urban history.

For this, the sixth edition of The Evolution of American Urban Society, we have updated the scholarship and bibliographies for each chapter, paying particular attention to issues of race, ethnicity, gender, the built environment, regional differentials, and emerging cultural forms such as rock and rap music. Wherever possible, we have added perspectives on the environmental impact of cities and suburbs. The chapters on the post-World War II cities offer new attention to the new racial and ethnic mix produced by the most recent immigration trends and to the re-institutionalization of segregation resulting from public housing development and highway policies. As well, we have tried to be sensitive to the effects of concentrated poverty in inner-city neighborhoods and the costs of hardening barriers between city and suburb. The final chapter has been expanded to take into account issues relating to the presidential administration of George W. Bush and to the consequences of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

Once again, we owe special thanks to Pembroke Herbert for her valuable picture research and to Jim O'Brien for his efficient indexing. We also wish to acknowledge the insightful critiques offered by Mark Newman, National Louis University; Abel Bartley University of Akron; Anne Brophy Georgia State University; George Lubick, Northern Arizona University; and Jacob Judd, CUNY/Lehman College. Howard Chudacoff thanks Nancy Fisher Chudacoff for guidance and inspiration, and Judith Smith thanks Larry Blum, and Ben, Sarah, and Laura Blum-Smith for their insights and support.

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Chapter 1 Urban America in the Colonial age, 1500-1776 1

Urban Beginnings 1

Problems of Growth 9

The Social Mosaic 14

Cities in the American Revolution 23

Bibliography 30

Notes 30

Urban Expansion in the New Nation, 1776-1860 32

Cities in the New Republic 33

Revolution in Transportation and the Economy 35

Boosterism 40

Beginning of Urban Industrialism 42

Societal Effects of Economic Change 44

Problems of Growth 47

Bibliography 54

Notes 56

Chapter 3 Life in the Walking City, 1820-1865 57

The Walking City 57

Social Complexity and Contested Terrain 60

Immigrants 64

Rootless Men and Women 67

Urban Politics 68

Cities and the Civil War 72

Bibliography 74

Notes 75

Chapter 4 Industrialization and the Changing Space of the City, 1865-1920 76

The Quickening pace of Industrialization 77

The Growth of Mass transit 80

The Geography of the Streetcar City 86

The Geography of Leisure: Parks and Commercial Amusements 94

Population Mobility 98

Bibliography 99

Notes 101

Chapter 5 Newcomers and the Urban Core, 1865-1920 102

Waves of Immigration 104

Rural Americans Move to the City 110

Housing and Health 113

Coping With inner-City Life 119

Patterns of Social Mobility 123

Bibliography 129

Notes 131

Chapter 6 Bosses and reformers in City Politics, 1870-1920 132

Origins of the Machine 132

Structure and Functions of the Machine 133

Some Notable Cases 137

City Governance and Municipal Reform 144

Goals and Tactics of Municipal Reform 146

Bibliography 146

Chapter 7 Reforming the Social and Physical Environment, 1870-1920 152

Impulses of Social Reform 152

Remedies of Social Reform 156

Planning andEngineering the City 165

Reform Becomes Progressivism 169

The rise of Urban Liberalism 171

Bibliography 173

Notes 174

Chapter 8 Cities in an Age of Metropolitanism: The 1920s and 1930s 175

New Urban Growth 175

Suburbanization and Metropolitanism 179

Cities and Consumer Culture 186

Cities as a Cultural Battleground 189

Urban Politics in the 1920s 195

The Great depression 196

Political and social Life in the 1930s 206

Bibliography 212

Notes 214

Chapter 9 The Emerging "Urban Crisis," 1941-1975 215

The Impact of World War II on Cities 215

Postwar Suburban Growth 218

Racial Transition in Urban Neighborhoods 223

Urban Renewal and its Consequences 228

Currents of Protest 234

Changes in Urban Politics 240

Bibliography 244

Notes 246

Chapter 10 New Hope and New Concerns in the American City 247

Deindustrialization and Financial Crisis 247

The Decline of Federal Urban Policy 250

Dual Cities: Rich and Poor in a Changing Economy 252

Privatization, Gambling, and Tourism 258

The federal Government and the Cities in the 1990s and 2000s 261

Revitalization and Gentrification 264

Immigration and Diversity 268

Changing Suburbs 272

The Disasters in New York and New Orleans 275

Bibliography 278

Notes 281

Photo Credits 282

Index 284

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