ISBN-10:
0321316827
ISBN-13:
9780321316820
Pub. Date:
05/28/2005
Publisher:
Longman
Exercises Understanding English Grammar / Edition 7

Exercises Understanding English Grammar / Edition 7

by Martha J. Kolln, Robert Funk

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780321316820
Publisher: Longman
Publication date: 05/28/2005
Edition description: Student
Pages: 198
Product dimensions: 7.40(w) x 9.24(h) x 0.45(d)

Table of Contents


Preface     xi
Grammar, Usage, and Language Change     1
Grammaticality     1
Determining Grammatical Structure     2
Descriptive and Prescriptive Rules     3
Identifying Rules     3
Standard and Nonstandard English     5
Using Standard English     5
Language Change     7
Examining Changes in English     7
Investigating Changes in Words     9
Sentence Patterns     11
Word Classes     11
Identifying Form-Class Words     13
The Noun Phrase     15
Identifying Noun Phrases     17
The Prepositional Phrase     19
Identifying Prepositional Phrases     21
Sentence Patterns     23
Identifying and Diagramming the Sentence Patterns     25
Linking Verbs     27
Identifying Linking Verbs and Other Patterns     28
Identifying More Sentence Patterns     29
Phrasal Verbs     31
Identifying and Diagramming Phrasal Verbs     32
Identifying Slot Boundaries and Sentence Patterns     33
Understanding Verbs     35
Identifying Verb Strings     37
Practicing with Verbs     39
The Passive Voice     41
Transforming Active Sentences to Passive     43
Changing Passive to Active     45
Changing Passive Sentences to Active     47
Changing the Voice of Sentences     49
Identifying Sentence Patterns and Verb Components     51
Sentence Transformations     53
Diagramming Questions     53
Recognizing There     55
Using the It-Cleft     57
The What-Cleft     59
Using the What-Cleft     59
Identifying Transformations     61
Modifiers of the Verb: Adverbials     63
Recognizing Adverbials     64
Diagramming Practice with Adverbials     67
Identifying and Diagramming Adverbials     69
Combining Sentences     71
Prepositional and Infinitive Phrases     73
Composing Adverbials     75
Composing Sentences with Adverbials     77
Identifying Form and Function     79
Modifiers of the Noun: Adjectivals     81
The Determiner     81
Identifying Determiners and Noun Phrases     82
The Prepositional Phrase      83
Identifying and Diagramming Prepositional Phrases     83
The Adjectival Clause     85
Punctuating Adjectival Clauses     86
Identifying and Punctuating Adjectival Clauses     87
The Participial Phrase     89
Practicing with Participles     90
Identifying and Diagramming Postnoun Modifiers     93
Composing and Using Noun Phrases     95
Revising Adjectival Clauses     97
Dangling Modifiers     99
Revising Dangling Modifers     99
Modifier Placement     101
Revising Misplaced Modifers     101
Form and Function     103
The Noun Phrase Slots: Nominals     105
Appositives     105
Using Appositives     106
Forms of Nominals     109
Nominal Verb Phrases     109
Understanding Nominal Verb Phrases     111
Understanding To-Phrases     115
Nominal Clauses     117
Identifying and Diagramming Nominal Clauses     118
Identifying Dependent Clauses     121
Nominals and Sentence Patterns     123
Identifying Nominal Form and Function     125
Identifying Form and Function      127
Sentence Modifiers     129
Punctuating Sentence Modifiers     130
Using Subordinate Clauses     131
Elliptical Clauses     137
Recognizing and Revising Elliptical Clauses     133
Adding Absolute Phrases     135
Form and Function     137
Coordination     139
Adding Coordinate Elements     139
Parallel Structure     141
Revising for Parallel Structure     142
Using Conjunctive Adverbs     145
Punctuation of Coordinate Elements     147
Punctuating Coordinate Structures     148
Words and Word Classes     149
Inflection and Derivation     149
Derivational Suffixes     150
Using Bases and Affixes     151
Homonyms     153
Homonymic Suffixes     153
Heteronyms     155
Identifying Heteronyms     155
Form Classes and Inflectional Endings     157
Identifying Form-Class Words     159
Structure-Class Words     161
Identifying and Using Structure Classes     161
Pronouns     163
Using Clear Pronouns     163
Identifying Word Classes     165
Purposeful Punctuation     167
Marking Boundaries     167
Signaling Levels of Importance and Adding Emphasis     169
Answers to the Exercises     171

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