Experience and Memory: The Second World War in Europe

Experience and Memory: The Second World War in Europe


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Modern military history, inspired by social and cultural historical approaches, increasingly puts the national histories of the Second World War to the test. New questions and methods are focusing on aspects of war and violence that have long been neglected. What shaped people’s experiences and memories? What differences and what similarities existed in Eastern and Western Europe? How did the political framework influence the individual and the collective interpretations of the war? Finally, what are the benefits of Europeanizing the history of the Second World War? Experts from Belgium, Germany, France, Great Britain, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, and Russia discuss these and other questions in this comprehensive volume.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781782380931
Publisher: Berghahn Books, Incorporated
Publication date: 04/01/2013
Series: Contemporary European History , #7
Pages: 332
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.65(d)

About the Author

Jörg Echternkamp is a Senior Fellow of the Militärgeschichtliches Forschungsamt, Potsdam, and co-editor of the journal Militärgeschichtliche Zeitschrift. He has been a Visiting Professor at the University of Calgary in Canada, Visiting Scholar at the German Historical Institute in Paris, and Visiting Lecturer at the University of Paris I (Sorbonne- Panthéon) and Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg. His major publications include Der Aufstieg des deutschen Nationalismus 17701840 (1998), Nach dem Krieg (2003), Kriegsschauplatz Deutschland 1945 (2006) and Germany and the Second World War: German Wartime Society 19391945, vols IX/1–2 (2008–2011, ed.).

Stefan Martens is Deputy Director of the German Historical Institute, Paris and coeditor of the journal Francia – Forschungen zur westeuropäischen Geschichte. He has been a Visiting Lecturer at the University of Paris I (Sorbonne-Panthéon) and the Institut d’Études Politiques, Paris. His major publications include Görings Reich. Selbstinszenierung in Carinhall (2009, with Volker Knopf); Frankreich und Belgien unter deutscher Besatzung 1940–1944. Die Bestände des Bundesarchiv-Militärarchivs in Freiburg (2002, with Sebastian Remus); Occupation et répression militaire allemandes 1939–1945: La politique de maintien de l’ordre en Europe occupée (2007, with Gaël Eismann).

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations


Chapter 1. A New Perspective on the War

Henry Rousso

Chapter 2. Conceptualizing the Occupations of Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands (1933–1944)

Benoît Majerus

Chapter 3. The Role of the War in National Societies: The Examples of Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands

Chantal Kesteloot

Chapter 4. Myths and Realities of the “People’s War” in Britain

John Ramsden

Chapter 5. “We Can Take It!” Britain and the Memory of the Home front in the Second World War

Mark Connelly

Chapter 6. Experience and Memory: The Second World War in Poland

Piotr Madajczyk

Chapter 7. Remembering and Researching the War: The Soviet and Russian Experience

Sergei Kudryashov

Chapter 8. Bombing and Land War in Italy: Military Strategy, Reactions, and Collective Memory

Gabriella Gribaudi

Chapter 9. Italy as Occupier in the Balkans: Remembrances and War Crimes after 1945

Filippo Focardi

Chapter 10. Brest under Bombardment (1940–1944): Being in War

Pierre Le Goïc

Chapter 11. Experiences of War, Memories of War, and Political Behavior: The Example of the French Communist Party

Philippe Buton

Chapter 12. The Air War, the Public, and Cycles of Memory

Dietmar Süß

Chapter 13. The Long Shadows of the Second World War: The Impact of Experiences and Memories of War on West German Societies

Axel Schildt

Chapter 14. The War in Postwar Society: The Role of the Second World War in Public and Private Spheres in the Soviet Occupation Zone and Early GDR

Dorothee Wierling

Chapter 15. Violence and Victimhood: Looking Back at the World Wars in Europe

Richard Bessel

Chapter 16. The Meanings of the Second World War in Contemporary European History

Jörg Echternkamp and Stefan Martens

Notes on Contributors

Selected Bibliography


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