Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals

Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals

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Taylor & Francis
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Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals

This edited volume focuses on the use of ‘necessary condition counterfactuals’ in explaining two key events in twentieth century history, the origins of the First World War and the end of the Cold War.

Containing essays by leading figures in the field, this book analyzes the causal logics of necessary and sufficient conditions, demonstrates the variety of different ways in which necessary condition counterfactuals are used to explain the causes of individual events, and identifies errors commonly made in applying this form of causal logic to individual events. It includes discussions of causal chains, contingency, critical junctures, and ‘powder keg’ explanations, and the role of necessary conditions in each.

Explaining War and Peace will be of great interest to students of qualitative analysis, the First World War, the Cold War, international history and international relations theory in general.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780415422338
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 06/05/2007
Series: Contemporary Security Studies Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 362
Product dimensions: 6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables     xi
List of Figures     xiii
Contributors     xiv
Acknowledgments     xv
Introduction   Gary Goertz   Jack S. Levy     1
Causal explanation, necessary conditions, and case studies   Gary Goertz   Jack S. Levy     9
The role of necessary conditions in the outbreak of World War I   Jack S. Levy     47
Contingency, catalysts and nonlinear change: the origins of World War I   Richard Ned Lebow     85
Powderkegs, sparks and World War I   William R. Thompson     113
Necessary conditions and World War I as an unavoidable war   Paul W. Schroeder     147
Power, globalization, and the end of the Cold War: reevaluating a landmark case for ideas   Stephen G. Brooks   William C. Wohlforth     195
Perestroika without politics: how realism misunderstands the Cold War's end   Robert English     237
New versus old thinking in qualitative research   Stephen G. Brooks   William C. Wohlforth     261
The elaboration model and necessary causes   James Mahoney     281
Classroom exercises and website     307
References     317
Index     341

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