This edited volume focuses on the use of ‘necessary condition counterfactuals’ in explaining two key events in twentieth century history, the origins of the First World War and the end of the Cold War.
Containing essays by leading figures in the field, this book analyzes the causal logics of necessary and sufficient conditions, demonstrates the variety of different ways in which necessary condition counterfactuals are used to explain the causes of individual events, and identifies errors commonly made in applying this form of causal logic to individual events. It includes discussions of causal chains, contingency, critical junctures, and ‘powder keg’ explanations, and the role of necessary conditions in each.
Explaining War and Peace will be of great interest to students of qualitative analysis, the First World War, the Cold War, international history and international relations theory in general.
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Series:||Contemporary Security Studies Series|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.90(d)|
Table of Contents
List of Tables xi
List of Figures xiii
Introduction Gary Goertz Jack S. Levy 1
Causal explanation, necessary conditions, and case studies Gary Goertz Jack S. Levy 9
The role of necessary conditions in the outbreak of World War I Jack S. Levy 47
Contingency, catalysts and nonlinear change: the origins of World War I Richard Ned Lebow 85
Powderkegs, sparks and World War I William R. Thompson 113
Necessary conditions and World War I as an unavoidable war Paul W. Schroeder 147
Power, globalization, and the end of the Cold War: reevaluating a landmark case for ideas Stephen G. Brooks William C. Wohlforth 195
Perestroika without politics: how realism misunderstands the Cold War's end Robert English 237
New versus old thinking in qualitative research Stephen G. Brooks William C. Wohlforth 261
The elaboration model and necessary causes James Mahoney 281
Classroom exercises and website 307