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Exploring Literature Writing and Arguing about Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and the Essay with NEW MyLiteratureLab / Edition 5

Exploring Literature Writing and Arguing about Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and the Essay with NEW MyLiteratureLab / Edition 5

by Frank Madden

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780321851581
Publisher: Longman
Publication date: 06/13/2012
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 1360
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Frank Madden is SUNY Distinguished Professor and Chair of the English Department at SUNY Westchester Community College where he also holds the Carol Russett Endowed Chair for English. He has a Ph.D. from NYU, has taught in graduate programs at CCNY, Iona College, and the New School for Social Reserach, and in 1998 was Chair of the NCTE College Section Institute on the Teaching of Literature. He is a recipient of the SUNY Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Teaching, the SUNY Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Scholarship, the Foundation for Westchester Community College Award for Excellence in Scholarship, and the Phi Delta Kappan Educator of the Year Award from Iona College. He was awarded the 2003 Neil Ann Pickett Service Award, granted by the NCTE to an outstanding college teacher whose vision and voice have had a major impact, and who exemplifies such outstanding personal qualities as creativity, sensitivity, and leadership. He has been Chair of the College Section of the NCTE and Chair of TYCA, and served on the Executive Committee of the NCTE, the CCCC, the MLA ad hoc Committee on Teaching, and as NCTE delegate to the American Council of Learned Societies. His articles, chapters, and commentary about the teaching of literature have appeared in a variety of books and journals, including College English, PMLA, College Literature, English Journal, Computers and Composition, Computers and the Humanities, and the ADE Bulletin.

Table of Contents

Detailed Contents

Alternate Contents by Genre

Preface to Instructors

About the Author

Part I Making Connections

Chapter 1 Participation: Personal Response and Critical Thinking

The Personal Dimension of Reading Literature

Personal Response and Critical Thinking

Writing to Learn

Your First Response

Checklist: Your First Response

Keeping a Journal or Reading Log

Double-Entry Journals and Logs

The Social Nature of Learning: Collaboration

Personal, Not Private

Ourselves as Readers

Different Kinds of Reading

Peter Meinke, Advice to My Son

Making Connections with Literature

Images of Ourselves

Connecting Through Experience

Paul Zimmer, Zimmer in Grade School

Culture, Experience, and Values

Connecting Through Experience

Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays

Connecting Through Experience

Marge Piercy, Barbie Doll

Being in the Moment

New York Times, “Birmingham Bomb Kills 4”

Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham

Participating, Not Solving

Using Our Imaginations

The Whole and Its Parts

Chapter 2 Communication: Writing a Personal Response Essay

The Personal Response Essay

Checklist: The Basics of a Personal Response Essay

Voice and Writing

Voice and Response to Literature

Connecting Through Experience

Countee Cullen, Incident

Writing to Describe

Choosing Details

Choosing Details from Literature

Connecting Through Experience

Sandra Cisneros, Eleven

Writing to Compare

Comparing and Contrasting Using a Venn Diagram

Connecting Through Experience

Anna Quindlen, Mothers

Connecting Through Experience

Langston Hughes, Salvation

Possible Worlds

From First Response to Final Draft

The Importance of Revision

Using First or Third Person in Formal Essays

Step 1: Using Your First Response

Choosing a Topic


Semantic Mapping, or Clustering

Mix and Match

Generating Ideas Through Collaboration

Step 2: Composing a Draft

Developing a Thesis Statement

Checklist: Thesis Statement

Writing Effective Paragraphs

Checklist: Paragraphs

Dierdre’s Draft

Step 3: Revising the Essay

Checklist: Revision

Revising Dierdre’s Draft

Formatting and Documenting Your Essay

Checklist: Basics for a Literary Essay

A Primer on Punctuation

Checklist: Editing and Proofreading

Step 4: Dierdre’s Revised Essay

Part II Analysis, Argumentation, and Research

Chapter 3 Exploration and Analysis: Genre and the Elements of Literature

Close Reading

Annotating the Text

First Annotation: Exploration

Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias

Second Annotation: Analysis

Literature in Its Many Contexts

Your Critical Approach

Reading and Analyzing Fiction


Point of View





Language and Style





Checklist: Analyzing Fiction

Getting Ideas for Writing About Fiction

Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour

Reading and Analyzing Poetry

Billy Collins, Introduction to Poetry

Language and Style

Denotation and Connotation




Stephen Crane, War Is Kind


Helen Chasin, The Word Plum

Robert Browning, Meeting at Night

Parting at Morning

Figurative Language: Everyday Poetry

Langston Hughes, A Dream Deferred

N. Scott Momaday, Simile

Carl Sandburg, Fog

James Stephens, The Wind Symbol

Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken

Sound and Structure

Alliteration, Assonance, and Rhyme

Rhyme and Rhythm: Limericks

Haiku Poetry: Chiyojo, Basho, Buson, Matsushita, Brutschy


Formal Verse: The Sonnet

Francis Petrarch, The Eyes that Drew from Me

William Shakespeare, Sonnet No. 29

Blank Verse

Free or Open Form Verse

Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer

Interpretation: What Does the Poem Mean?


Types of Poetry

Lyric Poetry

Narrative Poetry

Checklist: Analyzing Poetry

Getting Ideas for Writing About Poetry

May Swenson, Pigeon Woman

Reading and Analyzing Drama

Reading a Play

Point of View

Set and Setting



The Poetics




Language and Style





Periods of Drama: A Brief Background

Greek Drama

Shakespearean Drama

Tips on Reading the Language of Shakespeare

Modern Drama

Checklist: Analyzing Drama

Getting Ideas for Writing About Drama

Edith Hamilton, from The Royal House of Thebes: “Oedipus”

Tips on Reading Antigone

Sophocles, Antigone

Reading and Analyzing Essays

Types of Essays




Language, Style, and Structure

Formal or Informal



Word Choice and Style

Theme: What’s the Point?

The Aims of an Essay: Inform, Preach, or Reveal

Checklist: Analyzing Essays

Getting Ideas for Writing About the Essay

Amy Tan, Mother Tongue

Chapter 4 Argumentation: Writing a Critical Essay

The Critical Essay

Suzanne’s Response to Antigone

Interpretation and Evaluation

Interpretation: What Does It Mean?

Evaluation: How Well Does It Work?

Options for a Critical Essay: Process and Product

Checklist: Options for a Critical Essay

An Analytical Essay

A Comparative Essay

A Thematic Essay

A Philosophical or Ethical Evaluation

A Contextual Essay

Argumentation: Writing a Critical Essay

Other Models: Classical, Toulmin, and Rogerian

The Shape of an Argument

Checklist: Writing a Critical Essay

Planning Your Argument

Supporting Your Argument: Induction and Substantiation

Opening, Closing, and Revising Your Argument

The Development of a Critical Essay

Step 1: Using Your First Response

Step 2: Composing a Draft

Suzanne’s Draft

Step 3: Revising the Essay

Step 4: Suzanne’s Revised Essay

Chapter 5 Research: Writing with Secondary Sources

The Research Essay

Creating, Expanding, and Joining Interpretive Communities

It Is Your Interpretation

Getting Started

Choosing a Topic

Some Popular Areas of Literary Research

Your Search

Peer Support

The Library

Reference Works

Some Other Encyclopedias and Indexes Useful for Literary Research

Some Bibliographies, Indexes, and Abstracts Useful for Literary Research Finding Sources on the Internet

Some Internet Sources Useful for Literary Research

Evaluating Internet Sources

Checklist: Evaluating Internet Sources

Taking Notes

Integrating Sources into Your Writing

What Must Be Documented

Where and How

Paraphrasing and Summarizing


Avoiding Plagiarism

Examples of Paraphrasing, Summarizing, Quoting, and Plagiarizing

From First Response to Research Essay

Checklist: Writing a Research Essay

Case Study in Research

James Joyce and “Eveline”

Step 1: Using Your First Response

James Joyce, Eveline

Step 2: Composing a Draft

Professor Devenish’s Commentary

Kevin’s Motivation and Process

Step 3: Revising the Essay

Step 4: Kevin’s Revised Essay

Part III A Thematic Anthology

Family and Friends

A Dialogue Across History

Family and Friends: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs

Reading and Writing About Family and Friends


Connecting Through Comparison: Sibling Relationships

James Baldwin, Sonny’s Blues

Louise Erdrich, The Red Convertible

Other Stories

Chinua Achebe, Marriage Is a Private Affair

John Cheever, Reunion

Linda Ching Sledge, The Road

Connecting Through Comparison: Parent and Children

Amy Tan, Two Kinds


Julia Alvarez, Dusting

Janice Mirikitani, For My Father

Theodore Roethke, My Papa’s Waltz

Cathy Song, The Youngest Daughter

Other Poems

Margaret Atwood, Siren Song

Robert Frost, Mending Wall

Seamus Heaney, Digging

Philip Larkin, This Be the Verse

Li-Young Lee, The Gift

Sharon Olds, 35/10

Susan Musgrave, You Didn’t Fit

William Stafford, Friends

Connecting Through Comparison: Remembrance

Elizabeth Gaffney, Losses That Turn Up in Dreams

William Shakespeare, When to the Sessions of Sweet Silent Thought (Sonnet No. 30)



bell hooks, Inspired Eccentricity

Graphic narrative: Marjane Satrapi from PERSEPOLIS

Case Study in Biographical Context

Lorraine Hansberry and A Raisin in the Sun

Lorraine Hansberry, A Raisin in the Sun

Lorraine Hansberry–In Her Own Words

In Others’ Words

James Baldwin, Sweet Lorraine

Julius Lester, The Heroic Dimension in A Raisin in the Sun

Anne Cheney, The African Heritage in A Raisin in the Sun

Steven R. Carter, Hansberry’s Artistic Misstep

Margaret B. Wilkerson, Hansberry’s Awareness of Culture and Gender

Michael Anderson, A Raisin in the Sun: A Landmark Lesson in Being Black

A Student’s Research Essay

Exploring the Literature of Family and Friends: Options for Making Connections, Building Arguments, and Using Research

Writing About Connections Across Themes

Collaboration: Writing and Revising with Your Peers

A Writing/Research Portfolio Option

Innocence and Experience

A Dialogue Across History

Innocence and Experience: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs

Reading and Writing About Innocence and Experience


Connecting Through Comparison: Illusion and Disillusion

Liliana Heker, The Stolen Party

James Joyce, Araby

Other Stories

Julia Alvarez, Snow

Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson

Thomas Bulfinch, The Myth of Daedalus and Icarus

Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal

Haruki Murakami, On Seeing the 100% Perfect Girl One Beautiful April Morning

Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

Colum McCann, Everything in this Country Must

Two Readers–Two Different Views: Exploring A&P and Making Connections

John Updike, A&P

Two Student Essays–Two Different Views


Connecting Through Comparison: The City

William Blake, London

William Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802

Connecting Through Comparison: The Chimney Sweepers

William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper (From Songs of Innocence)

The Chimney Sweeper (From Songs of Experience)

Other Poems

A. E. Housman, When I Was One-and-Twenty

Alberto Rios, In Second Grade Miss Lee I Promised Never to Forget You and I Never Did

Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory

Anne Sexton, Pain for a Daughter

Walt Whitman, There Was a Child Went Forth

Stephen Crane, The Wayfarer

Connecting Through Comparison: The Death of a Child

Robert Frost, “Out, Out. . .”

Seamus Heaney, Mid-Term Break


Judith Ortiz Cofer, I Fell in Love, or My Hormones Awakened

David Sedaris, The Learning Curve

Case Study in Theatrical Context

Hamlet and Performance

Interpretation and Performance

Multiple Interpretations of Hamlet

William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

Desperately Seeking Hamlet: Four Interpretations

Olivier’s Hamlet

Jacobi’s Hamlet

Gibson’s Hamlet

Branagh’s Hamlet

From Part to Whole, from Whole to Part

A Student’s Critical Essay–Explication/Analysis of the “To be, or not to be” Soliloquy

A Critic’s Influential Interpretation

Ernest Jones, Hamlet’s Oedipus Complex

Hamlet On Screen

Bernice W. Kliman, The BBC Hamlet

Claire Bloom, Playing Gertrude on Television

Stanley Kauffmann, Branagh’s Hamlet

Russell Jackson, A Film Diary of the Shooting of Kenneth Branagh’s Hamlet

Exploring the Literature of Innocence and Experience: Options for Making Connections, Building Arguments, and Using Research

Writing About Connections Across Themes

Collaboration: Writing and Revising with Your Peers

A Writing/Research Portfolio Option

Case Study in Aesthetic Context

Poetry and Painting

Making Connections with Painting and Poetry

Pieter Brueghel the Elder: Landscape with the Fall of Icarus

W. H. Auden: Musée des Beaux Arts

Alan Devenish: Icarus Again

Lun Yi Tsai Disbelief

Lucille Clifton--tuesday 9/11/01

Edward Hopper: Nighthawks

Samuel Yellen: Nighthawks

Vincent van Gogh: Starry Night

Anne Sexton: The Starry Night

Henri Matisse: Dance

Natalie Safir: Matisse’s Dance

Kitagawa utamaro: Two Women Dressing Their Hair

Cathy Song: Beauty and Sadness

Edwin Romanzo Elmer: Mourning Picture

Adrienne Rich: Mourning Picture

Jan Vermeer: The Loveletter

Sandra Nelson: When a Woman Holds a Letter

A Student’s Comparison and Contrast Essay: Process and Product

Exploring Poetry and Painting: Options for Making Connections, Building Arguments, and Using Research

Women and Men

A Dialogue Across History

Women and Men: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs

Reading and Writing About Women and Men


Robert Olen Butler, Jealous Husband Returns in Form of Parrot

Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper

Ernest Hemingway, Hills Like White Elephants

D. H. Lawrence, The Horse Dealer’s Daughter

Bobbie Ann Mason, Shiloh

Rosario Morales, The Day It Happened


Connecting Through Comparison: Be My Love

Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love

Walter Raleigh, The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd

Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress

Other Poems

Maya Angelou, Phenomenal Woman

Margaret Atwood, You Fit into Me

Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee?

Robert Browning, Porphyria’s Lover

Nikki Giovanni, Woman

Sharon Olds, Rite of Passage

Judy Grahn, Ella, in a Square Apron, Along Highway

Donald Hall, The Wedding Couple

Essex Hemphill, Commitments

Michael Lassell, How to Watch Your Brother Die

Edna St. Vincent Millay, What Lips My Lips Have Kissed, and Where, and Why Love Is Not All

Sharon Olds, Sex Without Love

Octavio Paz, Two Bodies

Sylvia Plath, Mirror

Connecting Through Comparison: Shall I Compare Thee?

William Shakespeare, Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day? (Sonnet No. 18)

My Mistress’ Eyes Are Nothing Like the Sun (Sonnet No. 130)

Howard Moss, Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?

Connecting and Comparing Across Genres: Cinderella

Jacob Ludwig Karl Grimm and Wilhelm Karl Grimm, Cinderella

Anne Sexton, Cinderella

Bruno Bettelheim, Cinderella


Anton Chekhov, The Proposal

Connecting and Comparing Across Genres: Fiction and Drama

Susan Glaspell, Trifles

A Jury of Her Peers


Steven Doloff, The Opposite Sex

Virginia Woolf, If Shakespeare Had a Sister

Case Study in Historical Context

Women in Culture and History

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House

The Adams Letters

A Husband’s Letter to His Wife

Sojourner Truth, Ain’t I a Woman

Henrik Ibsen, Notes for the Modern Tragedy

The Changed Ending of A Doll’s House for a German Production

Speech at the Banquet of the Norwegian League for Women’s Rights

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Excerpt from “The Solitude of Self”

Wilbur Fisk Tillett, Excerpt from “Southern Womanhood”

Dorothy Dix, The American Wife

Women and Suicide

Charlotte Perkins Stetson (Gilman), Excerpt from “Women and Economics”

Natalie Zemon Davis and Jill Ker Conway, The Rest of the Story

A Student’s Personal Response Essay

A Student’s Critical Essay

A Student’s Research Essay

Exploring the Literature of Women and Men: Options for Making Connections, Building Arguments, and Using Research

Writing About Connections Across Themes

Collaboration: Writing and Revising with Your Peers

A Writing/Research Portfolio Option

Culture and Identity

A Dialogue Across History

Culture and Identity: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs

Reading and Writing About Culture and Identity


José Armas, EI Tonto del Barrio

Kate Chopin, Désirée’s Baby

William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily

Jamaica Kincaid, Girl

Thomas King, Borders

Gabriel Garcia Marquez, The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World

Tahira Naqvi, Brave We Are

Alice Walker, Everyday Use


Connecting Through Comparison: The Mask We Wear

W. H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen

Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask

T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

Other Poems

Sherman Alexie, Evolution

Gloria Anzaldúa, To Live in the Borderlands Means You

Elizabeth Bishop, In the Waiting Room

Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool

e. e. Cummings, anyone lived in a pretty how town

Martin Espada, Coca-Cola and Coco Frío

Connecting Through Comparison: Immigration

Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus

Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Learning to Love America

Pat Mora, Immigrants

John Updike, Ex-Basketball Player

William Carlos Williams, At the Ball Game

William Butler Yeats, The Lake Isle of Innisfree


Connecting through Comparison: Modern Realism and Parody

Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie

Christopher Durang, For Whom the Southern Belle Tolls

Connecting through Comparison: Political Satire across Time and Genre

Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal

Luis Valdez, Los Vendidos


Connecting Through Comparison: Work and Identity

Richard Rodriguez, Workers

Marge Piercy, To Be of Use

Other Essays

Frederick Douglass, Learning to Read and Write

Martin Luther King, Jr., I Have a Dream

Henry David Thoreau, From Civil Disobedience

Case Study in Cultural Context

Writers of the Harlem Renaissance

Alain Locke, The New Negro

Langston Hughes, From The Big Sea

The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain

The Negro Speaks of Rivers

I, Too

The Weary Blues

One Friday Morning

Theme for English B

Claude McKay, America

Gwendolyn B. Bennett, Heritage

Jean Toomer, Reapers

Countee Cullen, Yet Do I Marvel

From the Dark Tower

Anne Spencer, Lady, Lady

Georgia Douglas Johnson, I Want to Die While You Love Me

Zora Neale Hurston, Sweat

Commentary on “The Negro Speaks of Rivers”

Langston Hughes

Jessie Fauset

Onwuchekwa Jemie

R. Baxter Miller

Alice Walker, Zora Neale Hurston: A Cautionary Tale and a Partisan View

A Student’s Critical Essay

Exploring the Literature of Culture and Identity: Options for Making Connections, Building Arguments, and Using Research

Writing About Connections Across Themes

Collaboration: Writing and Revising with Your Peers

A Writing/Research Portfolio Option

Faith and Doubt

A Dialogue Across History

Faith and Doubt: Exploring Your Own Values and Beliefs

Reading and Writing About Faith and Doubt


Raymond Carver, Cathedral

Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown

Tim O’Brien, The Things They Carried

Flannery O’Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find


Connecting Through Comparison: Facing Our Own Mortality

John Donne, Death, Be Not Proud

John Keats, When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be

Mary Oliver, When Death Comes

Connecting Through Comparison: Nature and Humanity

Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach

Robert Bridges, London Snow

Robert Frost, Fire and Ice

Galway Kinnell, Saint Francis and the Sow

William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark

Walt Whitman, Song of Myself

Connecting Through Comparison: September

Deborah Garrison, I Saw You Walking

Brian Doyle, Leap

Billy Collins, The Names

Connecting Through Comparison: Belief in a Supreme Being

Stephen Crane, A Man Said to the Universe

Thomas Hardy, Hap

Connecting Through Comparison: The Impact of War

Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed

Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est

Carl Sandburg, Grass

Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It

Connecting Through Comparison: Responding to the Deaths of Others

Mark Doty, Brilliance

A. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young

Pablo Neruda, The Dead Woman

Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night


David Mamet, Oleanna

John Millington Synge, Riders to the Sea

Anton Chekhov, The Swan Song

John Galsworthy, The Sun


Albert Camus, The Myth of Sisyphus

Plato, The Allegory of the Cave

Philip Simmons, Learning to Fall

Case Study in Contextual Criticism

The Poetry of Emily Dickinson

Her Life

Her Work

The Poems

Success is counted sweetest

Faith is a fine invention

There’s a certain Slant of light

I like a look of Agony

Wild Nights–Wild Nights!

The Brain–is wider than the Sky–

Much Madness is divinest Sense–

I’ve seen a Dying Eye

I heard a Fly buzz–when I died–

After great pain, a formal feeling comes–

Some keep the Sabbath going to Church–

This World is not Conclusion

There is a pain–so utter–

Because I could not stop for Death–

The Bustle in a House

Tell all the Truth but tell it slant–

Emily Dickinson–In Her Own Words

To Susan Gilbert (Dickinson) (1852)

To T. W. Higginson (1862)

In Others’ Words

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, On Meeting Dickinson for the First Time (1870)

Mabel Loomis Todd, The Character of Amherst (1881)

Richard Wilbur, On Dickinson’s Sense of Privation (1960)

Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, On Dickinson’s White Dress (1979)

Critical Commentary on Her Poetry

Helen McNeil, Dickinson’s Method

Cynthia Griffin Wolff, On the Many Voices in Dickinson’s Poetry

Allen Tate, On “Because I could not stop for Death”

Paula Bennett, On “I heard a Fly buzz–when I died–”

Poems About Emily Dickinson

Linda Pastan, Emily Dickinson

Billy Collins, Taking Off Emily Dickinson’s Clothes

A Student’s Critical Essay

Exploring the Literature of Faith and Doubt: Options for Making Connections, Building Arguments, and Using Research

Using Research

Writing About Connections Across Themes

Collaboration: Writing and Revising with Your Peers

A Writing/Research Portfolio Option

Appendix A: Critical Approaches to Literature

Appendix B: Writing About Film

Appendix C: Documentation

Glossary of Literary Terms

Literary and Photo Credits

Index of Author Names, Titles, and First Lines of Poems

Index of Terms

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