Exploring the Spanish Armada

Exploring the Spanish Armada

by Winifred Glover

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Overview

Exploring the Spanish Armada by Winifred Glover

Previously unpublished archaeological findings are presented in this story of the Spanish Armada's attack on England in the 16th century and its eventual fight for survival against all odds. Designed to capture England and seize the throne from Elizabeth I, the Armada was the greatest sailing fleet the world had even known, containing 130 ships, 29,453 soldiers and sailors, and 2,241 guns. This book looks at the political and personal motivations that led to the attack, the success of the English onslaught, battle formations and fighting techniques, and the scattering of Spanish ships against the Irish coast by violent storms.

Author Biography: Winifred Glover is a curator of ethnography who has created a permanent exhibit of artifacts from Armada wrecks at the Ulster Museum in Belfast, the largest collection outside Spain.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780862786939
Publisher: O'Brien Press, Limited, The
Publication date: 10/17/2000
Series: Exploring
Pages: 128
Product dimensions: 5.30(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction11
Part 1Preparing for Invasion
Europe in the sixteenth century13
The reasons for the Spanish Armada14
The Armada of 158819
The leaders of the Armada25
Part 2The Journey to England
Ships of the Armada32
Life on board ship37
Naval navigation in the sixteenth century42
The Armada sets sail45
England awaits46
Part 3The Battle Begins
Battle formations and fighting techniques50
The sea battles51
Hellburners: the watershed in the battle54
Retreat58
Lost at sea59
Part 4The Armada and Ireland
Ireland in 158861
The fate of the Armada66
The extraordinary tale of Francisco de Cuellar72
Part 5The Twentieth Century: Excavating the Armada
Locating the wreck-sites78
The story of the Girona80
Coin and silverware finds from the Girona92
Armaments and other finds from the Girona96
Finds from La Trinidad Valencera103
Armaments and other finds from La Trinidad Valencera103
Finds from the Santa Maria de la Rosa111
Epilogue
Aftermath: the sixteenth century and beyond113
The legacy of the Armada117

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