Explosions: Course, Prevention, Protection

Explosions: Course, Prevention, Protection

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1981)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783642677496
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 11/15/2011
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1981
Pages: 251
Product dimensions: 6.69(w) x 9.61(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

I The Course of Explosions.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Explosions in Closed Vessels.- 2.1 Flammable Gases.- 2.1.1 Explosion Limits.- 2.1.2 Explosion Pressure — Violence of Explosion.- Flammable Gas (Vapour)/Air Mixtures.- Flammable Gas/Oxygen Mixtures.- Chlorine/Hydrogen Mixtures.- 2.2 Combustible Dusts.- 2.2.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 2.2.2 Explosion Limits.- 2.2.3 Explosion Pressure — Violence of Explosion.- 2.2.4 Lowest Minimum Ignition Energy.- 2.3 Hybrid Mixtures.- 2.3.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 2.3.2 Explosion Limits.- 2.3.3 Explosion Pressure — Explosion Violence.- 2.3.4 Lowest Minimum Ignition Energy.- 2.4 Conclusions.- 3 Explosions - Detonations in Pipelines.- 3.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 3.2 Flammable Gases.- 3.3 Combustible Dusts.- 3.4 Conclusions.- 4 References.- II Protective Measures to Prevent Explosions or to Control Their Effects.- 1 Preliminary Remarks.- 2 Measures to Prevent Explosions.- 2.1 Inerting.- 2.1.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 2.1.2 Flammable Gases.- 2.1.3 Combustible Dusts.- 2.1.4 Conclusions.- 3 Safety Measures Against the Effects of Explosions Within Enclosures or Rooms.- 3.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 3.2 Explosion Resistant Construction.- 3.2.1 Pressure Vessels.- 3.2.2 Pressure Shock Resistant Vessels.- 3.2.3 Conclusions.- 3.3 Explosion Relief Venting.- 3.3.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 3.3.2 Description of Relief Venting.- Relief Venting of Vessels.- Relief Venting of Rooms.- 3.3.3 Design and Properties of Relief Venting Devices.- Preliminary Remarks.- Bursting Discs.- Bursting Discs Made of Brittle, Non-Deformable Material.- Bursting Discs Made of Deformable Material.- Auxiliary Activation Bursting Discs.- Explosion Plates.- Self Closing Relief Devices.- Exposion Doors.- Spring Loaded Relief Devices.- Conclusions.- 3.3.4 Sizing of Relief Areas.- Preliminary Remarks.- Flammable Gases.- Combustible Dusts.- Safe Discharge of Pressure Wave, Flames and Gases.- Elongated Vessels (Silos).- 3.3.5 Limits of Applicability.- 3.4 Explosion Suppression.- 3.4.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 3.4.2 Description of Method.- 3.4.3 Selection of the Sensor System.- 3.4.4 Description of the Extinguishing Systems.- 3.4.5 Selection of the Best Extinguishing Medium.- 3.4.6 Limits of Applicability.- 3.4.7 Extinguishing Agent Requirement.- 3.4.8 Special Application Problems.- The Influence of Initial Pressure.- Suppression of Explosions of Organic Peroxides.- 3.5 Conclusions.- 4 Safety Measures Against the Effects of Explosions in Pipelines.- 4.1 Flame Barriers.- 4.1.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 4.1.2 Mechanical Flame Barriers.- Preliminary Remarks.- Explosion Barriers.- Long Time Flame Barriers.- Detonation Barriers.- 4.1.3 Automatic Extinguishing Barrier.- 4.2 Explosion Relief Venting.- 4.2.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 4.2.2 Relief Venting Device for the End of a Pipeline.- Bursting Discs, Activated Discs.- Explosion Doors.- Spring Loaded Valves.- 4.3 Rapid Action Valves.- 4.4 Conclusions.- 5 Summary.- 6 References.- III Practical Applications of Protective Measures on Technical Equipment.- 1 Preliminary Remarks.- 2 Protective Measures for Equipment.- 2.1 Grinders.- 2.1.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 2.1.2 Parameters Influencing the Pressure vs. Time Course of Explosions.- 2.1.3 Conclusions.- 2.2 Bag Slitting Machines.- 2.2.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 2.2.2 The Application of Combined Protective Measures.- 2.3 Fluid Bed Driers and Granulators.- 2.3.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 2.3.2 The Application of Secondary Protective Measures.- Basic Requirements of the Apparatus.- Square Shape.- Round Shape.- Conclusions.- Explosion Relief Venting.- Relief on Product Side of Filter.- Relief on Clean Side of Filter.- Explosion Suppression.- Additional Requirements.- 2.4 Dust Separation Filters.- 2.4.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 2.4.2 Pocket Filters.- Application of Explosion Relief Venting.- Conclusions.- 2.4.3 Hose Filters.- Application of Explosion Relief Venting.- The Location of the Ignition Source Within the Filter Housing.- Explosion Propagation from a Pipeline.- Application of Explosion Suppression.- 2.4.4 Conclusions.- 3 Safeguards on Combined Equipment.- 3.1 Preliminary Remarks.- 3.2 Grinding Installations.- 3.2.1 Protection by Inerting.- 3.2.2 Protection by Relief Venting.- 3.2.3 Protection by Explosion Suppression.- 3.3 Spray Drying Installations.- 3.3.1 Protection by Inerting.- 3.3.2 Protection by Explosion Relief Venting.- 3.3.3 Protection by Explosion Suppression.- 3.4 Conclusions.- 4 Closing Remarks.- 5 References.

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