2011 Reprint of 1944 American Edition. Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition Software. Writing in the heat of struggle against the rise of fascism in Germany, France, and Spain in the 1930s, communist leader Leon Trotsky examines the class origins and character of fascist movements. Building on foundations laid by the Communist International in Lenin's time, Trotsky advances a working-class strategy to combat and defeat this malignant danger. Chapters on: Fascism: What Is It? -- How Mussolini Triumphed-- The Fascist Danger Looms in Germany-- An Aesop Fable-- The German Police and Army-- Bourgeoisie, Petty Bourgeoisie, and Proletariat-- The Collapse of Bourgeois Democracy-- Does the Petty Bourgeoisie Fear Revolution?-- The Workers' Militia and Its Opponents-- The Perspective in the United States-- Build the Revolutionary Party.