Fascism Past and Present, West and East: An International Debate on Concepts and Cases in the Comparative Study of the Extreme Right

Fascism Past and Present, West and East: An International Debate on Concepts and Cases in the Comparative Study of the Extreme Right


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In the opinion of some historians the era of fascism ended with the deaths of Mussolini and Hitler. Yet the debate about its nature as a historical phenomenon and its value as a term of historical analysis continues to rage with ever greater intensity, each major attempt to resolve it producing different patterns of support, dissent, and even hostility, from academic colleagues. Nevertheless, a number of developments since 1945 not only complicate the methodological and definitional issues even further, but make it ever more desirable that politicians, journalists, lawyers, and the general public can turn to "experts" for a heuristically useful and broadly consensual definition of the term. These developments include: the emergence of a highly prolific European New Right, the rise of radical right populist parties, the flourishing of ultra-nationalist movements in the former Soviet empire, the radicalization of some currents of Islam and Hinduism into potent political forces, and the upsurge of religious terrorism. Most monographs and articles attempting to establish what is meant by fascism are written from a unilateral authoritative perspective, and the intense academic controversy the term provokes has to be gleaned from reviews and conference discussions. The uniqueness of this book is that it provides exceptional insights into the cut-and-thrust of the controversy as it unfolds on numerous fronts simultaneously, clarifying salient points of difference and moving towards some degree of consensus. Twenty-nine established academics were invited to engage with an article by Roger Griffin, one of the most influential theorists in the study of generic fascism in the Anglophone world. The resulting debate progressed through two 'rounds' of critique and reply, forming a fascinating patchwork of consensus and sometimes heated disagreement. In a spin-off from the original discussion of Griffin's concept of fascism, a second exchange documented here focuses on the issue of fascist ideology in contemporary Russia. This collection is essential reading for all those who realize the need to provide the term 'fascism' with theoretical rigor, analytical precision, and empirical content despite the complex issues it raises, and for any specialist who wants to participate in fascist studies within an international forum of expertise. The book will change the way in which historians and political scientists think about fascism, and make the debate about the threat it poses to infant democracies like Russia more incisive not just for academics, but for politicians, journalists, and the wider public.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783898216746
Publisher: ibidem Press
Publication date: 04/27/2006
Series: Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society , #35
Pages: 520
Product dimensions: 5.83(w) x 8.27(h) x (d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

"Committed students will find much of interest in these sometimes barbed exchanges." Robert Paxton, Journal of Global History

ibidem Press

Table of Contents

Instructions for the Reader
Foreword by the Series Editor
Part I. Main Article/Hauptartikel
Fascism's new faces (and new facelessness) in the "post-fascist" epoch, by Roger Griffin
Part II. Critique/Kritik 1
Of fascism and idealising abstractions: Are all cats grey?, by David Baker
Fascism and neo-fascism: Ideology and "groupuscularity", by Jeffrey M. Bale
A critical response to Roger Griffin's "Fascism's new faces", by Tamir Bar-On
Griffin's new consensus: A bit too minimal?, by Alexander De Grand
Palingenesis and the rebirth of the study of fascism, by Martin Durgaham
The nature of fascism: or essentialism by another name?, by Roger Eatwell
Fascism and illiberalism, by Peter Fritzsche
Roger Griffin, social science, "fascism," and the "extreme right", by A. James Gregor
"Wiedergeburt" - ein nationalistisches Geschichtsbild, by Klaus Holz and Jan Weyand
Der Blick über den Kanal, by Siegfried Jäger and Alfred Schobert
Too many "fascisms"?, by Aristotle A. Kallis
Der Faschismus als "Rache" der Gegenmoderne, by Melitta Konopka
Ernst Nolte oder Max Weber: Braucht die Wissenschaft einen (Gott-)Vater?, by Bärbel Meurer
Recognising the enemy, by Philip Morgan
Faschismus - eine palingenetische Form von populistischem Ultra-Nationalismus?, by Ernst Nolte
Generic fascism and the historians, by Kevin Passmore
Commentary on Roger Griffin's "Fascism"s new faces?, by Stanley G. Payne
Der faschistische Proteus: Eine fortschrittliche Aufklärung aus England über das Wesen eines vielgesichtigen Phänomens, by Friedrich Pohlmann
Vom Schleimpilz zum Wurzelstock, by Karin Priester
Faschismus - praxeologisch: Ein Kommentar zu Roger Griffin, by Sven Reichardt
Understanding fascism as historically specific, by David D. Roberts
Neue Formen, neue Themen, alte Kernideologie?, by Albert Scherr
What is meant by "revolutionary" fascism?, by Robert J. Soucy
Fascism again: In search of the right conceptualization of generic fascism, by Mario Sznajder
Konzeptionelle Grundfragen vergleichender Rechtsextremismusforschung: Der Beitrag der Faschismustheorie Roger Griffins, by Andreas Umland
Locating fascism in time and space, by Leonard Weinberg
Schimmelpilze machen Käse, aber keine Faschismustheorie, by Wolfgang Wippermann
Part III. Response/Replik 1
Da capo, con meno brio: Towards a more useful conceptualization of generic fascism, by Roger Griffin
Part IV. Critique/Kritik 2
Generic fascism: An off-road vehicle mired in the conceptual mud; or speeding down the highway towards a greater understanding of Nazism?, by David Baker
(Still) more on fascist and neo-fascist ideology and "groupuscularity", by Jeffrey M. Bale
Roger Griffin and the conceptualisation of fascism, by Martin Durgaham
Chiaruscuro or fascismo grigio? A response to Roger Griffin's Da capo, con meno brio…, by Roger Eatwell
Once again on Roger Griffin and the study of "fascism", by A. James Gregor
Faschistische Semantik und Organisationsstruktur, by Klaus Holz und Jan Weyand
On "rebirth," "consensus," swords and other (academic) weapons, by Aristotle A. Kallis
Der rechte Neopopulismus als neues Gesicht des Faschismus, by Melitta Konopka
Reicht der "alte" Faschismusbegriff oder brauchen wir einen "neuen"?, by Bärbel Meurer
Ein letzter Rückblick auf einige Fragen der "Faschismus-Diskussion", by Ernst Nolte
The essence of fascism, by Kevin Passmore
Zweitkritik eines doppelt amputierten Faschismusbegriffs, by Friedrich Pohlmann
Antwort auf die Replik von Roger Griffin, by Karin Priester
Die Praxis des Faschismus - kontextualisiert und historisiert, by Sven Reichardt
Roger Griffin, Ernst Nolte, and the historical place of fascism, by David D. Roberts
"Those Metaphors Again!" Rhizom, Schleimpilz, Parasiten und die Arbeit am Text, by Alfred Schobert und Siegfried Jäger
Lack of response, by Robert J. Soucy
Still in search of the right conceptualization of generic fascism, by Mario Sznajder
Einige Beispiele für die forschungspraktische Relevanz der Griffinschen Taxonomie, by Andreas Umland
What remains of the day?, by Leonard Weinberg
Verteidigung und Kritik der ideengeschichtlichen Faschismustheorie Roger Griffins, by Wolfgang Wippermann
Part V Response/Replik 2
Grey cats, blue cows, and wide awake groundhogs: Notes towards the development of a "deliberative ethos" in fascist studies, by Roger Griffin
Part VI Secondary Debate on Aleksandr Dugin
Dugin kein Faschist? Eine Erwiderung an Professor A. James Gregor, by Andreas Umland
Andreas Umland and the "fascism" of Aleksandr Dugin, by A. James Gregor
Some addenda on the relevance of extremely right-wing ideas Putin's new Russia, by Andreas Umland
Response to Dr. Andreas Umland, by A. James Gregor
Classification, Julius Evola and the nature of Dugin's ideology, by Andreas Umland
Once again on fascism, classification, and Aleksandr Dugin, by A. James Gregor
Afterword, by Walter Laqueur
Appendix: Fascism—borderless and red, by Aleksandr Dugin

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