Fate and Effects of Oil in Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the Conference on Oil Pollution Organized under the auspices of the International Association on Water Pollution Research and Control (IAWPRC) by the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scienti

Fate and Effects of Oil in Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the Conference on Oil Pollution Organized under the auspices of the International Association on Water Pollution Research and Control (IAWPRC) by the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scienti

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1987)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789401080989
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 10/17/2011
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1987
Pages: 338
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

I. “Physical and chemical behaviour of oil in the marine environment and biological processes affecting the fate of oil in marine ecosystems”.- The physical fate of weathered crude and emulsified fuel oils as a function of intertidal sedimentology.- Weathering of mineral oil in marine environment.- Droplet size distribution of naturally dispersed oil.- Hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine sediments: a biochemical approach.- A simple remote sensing system for the determination of dispersants effectiveness.- Biodegradation and photo-oxidation of crude oils in a tropical marine environment.- Oil in sediments of the Humber estuary following the ‘Sivand’ oilspill incident.- Laboratory and field investigation of the accumulation and depuration of petroleum hydrocarbons by black mussels.- II. “Effects of oil on species, populations and ecosystems, both in laboratory tests and in the field (including model ecosystems) and effects of the treatment of oil spills”.- The effect of the water soluble fraction of North Sea crude oil on the transport mechanism of taurine in erythrocytes from flounder, Platichthys flesus (L.).- Assessment of the vulnerability of marine mammals to oil pollution.- Effects of different oil doses, dispersant and dispersed oil on macrofauna in model tidal flat ecosystems.- Experimental application of oil-based muds and cuttings to seabed sediments.- Petroleum effects on osmoregulation in the marine halophytes Spartina alterniflora and Rhizophora mangle.- Oil pollution and plankton dynamics. IV. Summary of enclosure experiments in Lindåspollene, Norway, with special emphasis on the balance between autotrophic and heterotrophic processes.- The effects of oil and chemically dispersed oil on natural phytoplankton communities.- Oil and the mangroves of the northern Red Sea.- Effects of seven dispersants on growth of three subtropical/tropical atlantic seagrasses.- Toxicity of chemically dispersed oil in a flow-through system.- The use of tests in a wave basin to define dispersant effectiveness.- An assessment of the environmental hazard associated with the discharge of production water from a North Sea oil platform based on laboratory bioassays with a calanoid copepod - Acartia tonsa (Dana).- The effectiveness of a new type III dispersant in the treatment of weathered crude and emulsified fuel oils on saltmarshes and sandflats.- Impact of oil on coastal industries.- The effects of oil pollution on interacting salt marsh species.- III. “Monitoring of oil in abiotic compartments of marine ecosystems and monitoring of biological effects of oil spills both on the species and the ecosystem level”.- The migration of stranded oil from a sheltered beach into adjacent nearshore subtidal sediments.- Kinetics of aromatic hydrocarbon depuration by oysters impacted by the AMOCO CADIZ oil spill.- Biological and chemical monitoring of seabed sediments at the Sullom Voe North Sea terminal - a synthesis of data for the period 1978-1985.- Measurement of scope for growth and tissue hydrocarbon concentrations of mussels (Mytilus edulis) at sites in the vicinity of the Sullom Voe oil terminal - a case study.- Oil-based drilling fluids: are they an environmental risk?.- Practical methods for monitoring rocky shore communities.- A summary of research and monitoring studies carried out in North Sea oilfields by the Oil Pollution Research Unit 1973-1986.- IV. “Risk management and risk analysis”.- SEABEL Hazard identification and response decision for chemical spillages at sea.- Oil spill risk management: the strategic response case.- Environmental impact assessment procedure for oil pollution in the Dutch Wadden Sea - the F3 pipeline example.- International acceptance of shoreline sensitivity mapping as an integral spill-response component.- A computer simulation model depicting oil impact and removal within coastal environments.- The Alvenus oil spill along the Texas coastline.- Keyword index.- Scientific names of organisms mentioned in the texts.

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