Feast or Famine: Food and Drink in American Westward Expansion

Feast or Famine: Food and Drink in American Westward Expansion

by Reginald Horsman
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University of Missouri Press
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Feast or Famine: Food and Drink in American Westward Expansion

Feast or Famine is the first comprehensive account of food and drink in the winning of the West, describing the sustenance of successive generations of western pioneers. Drawing on journals of settlers and travelers—as well as a lifetime of research on the American West—Reginald Horsman examines more than one hundred years of history, from the first advance of explorers into the Mississippi valley to the movement of ranchers and farmers onto the Great Plains, recording not only the components of their diets but food preparation techniques as well.

Most settlers were able to obtain food beyond the dreams of ordinary Europeans, for whom meat was a luxury. Not only were buffalo, deer, and wild turkey there for the taking, pioneers also gathered greens such as purslane, dandelion, and pigweed—as well as wild fruits, berries, and nuts. They replaced sugar with wild honey or maple syrup, and when they had no tea, they made drinks out of sage, sassafras, and mint. Horsman also reveals the willingness of Indians to convey their knowledge of food to newcomers, sharing salmon in the Pacific Northwest, agricultural crops in the arid Southwest.

Horsman tells how agricultural expansion and transportation opened a veritable cornucopia and how the development of canning soon made it possible for meals to transcend simple frontier foods, with canned oysters and crystallized eggs in airtight cans on merchants’ shelves. He covers food on different regional frontiers, as well as the cuisines of particular groups such as fur traders, soldiers, miners, and Mormons. He also discusses food shortages that resulted from poor preparation, temporary scarcity of game, marginal soil, or simply bad luck. At times, as with the ill-fated Donner Party, pioneers starved.

Engagingly written and meticulously researched, Feast or Famine is a one-of-a-kind look at a subject too long ignored in histories of the West. By revealing the spectrum of frontier fare across years and regions, it shows us that the land of opportunity was often a land of plenty.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780826217899
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
Publication date: 06/25/2008
Edition description: 25 illustrations, index
Pages: 368
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.20(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction     1
Forest and Prairie
Food in the Forest     9
Land of Pork and Corn     32
Explorers and Trappers
Game on Every Side     55
Meat and More Meat     81
Overland Trials
Tortillas and Frijoles     107
On the Oregon Trail     127
Water before Every Door     147
Gold Rush and the Mines
By Land and Sea     171
Food at the Mines     195
Army Life
Rank and File     225
Officers' Wives     242
The Travelers
Food on the Run     273
Conquering the Plains
Ranch and Chuck Wagon     299
Long Horizons     319
Conclusion     341
Index     345

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Feast or Famine: Food and Drink in American Westward Expansion 2.5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 2 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
gregomaha More than 1 year ago
This work makes a point of it. Intresting reading packed with good and valuable information both of foods and travel of the early westward expansion. A valuable resource for those intrested in learning about the American Westward Expansionism or to entertain the Historian in us. This work helps fill in some of the gaps of understanding the Early days of the exploration of the United States.