Female Breast Examination: A Theoretical and Practical Guide to Breast Diagnosis

Female Breast Examination: A Theoretical and Practical Guide to Breast Diagnosis

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1986)

Choose Expedited Shipping at checkout for guaranteed delivery by Thursday, January 24

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783540163022
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 08/14/1986
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1986
Pages: 228
Product dimensions: 6.69(w) x 9.61(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

1 Sources of Information.- 1.1 History of the Disease.- 1.1.1 Chief Complaint.- 1.1.2 Past Medical History.- 1.1.3 Characteristics of the Menstrual Cycle.- 1.1.4 Medical and Psychologic Background.- 1.1.5 Social and Family Background.- 1.1.6 Family History.- 1.2 The Clinical Picture.- 1.2.1 Functional Signs.- Pain.- Galactorrhea.- Sectorial Discharge.- 1.2.2 Physical Examination.- Inspection.- Palpation.- Combined Palpation.- 1.3 Transillumination.- 1.3.1 Diaphanoscopy.- Principle.- Material.- Technique.- Interpretation.- 1.3.2 Diaphanometry.- Principle.- Material.- Technique.- Interpretation.- Somanetics.- 1.4 Ultrasonography.- 1.4.1 A Mode.- Principle.- Material.- Technique.- Interpretation.- 1.4.2 B Mode (Echotomography).- Principle.- Material.- Technique.- Interpretation.- 1.4.3 TM Mode (Time Motion).- Principle.- Material.- Technique.- Interpretation.- 1.4.4 C Mode.- 1.4.5 Transsonography.- 1.5 Roentgenographic Diagnosis.- 1.5.1 Mammography.- Principle.- Material.- Technique.- Interpretation of the Overall Structure.- Interpretation of Abnormalities.- 1.5.2 Galactography.- Technique.- Interpretation.- 1.5.3 Cystography.- Technique.- Interpretation.- 1.5.4 Tomography.- Mechanical Tomography.- Computed Tomography.- 1.6 Cytodiagnosis.- 1.6.1 Needle Biopsy.- Principles.- Biopsy Material.- Biopsy Technique.- 1.6.2 Cytodiagnosis of a Discharge.- 1.6.3 Cytodiagnosis of Cystic Fluid.- 1.7 Thermography.- 1.7.1 Principles of Thermography.- Physiopathologic Findings.- Clinical Findings.- 1.7.2 Physical Principles and Materials.- Physical Principles of Contact Thermography.- Physical Principles of Telethermography.- 1.7.3 Thermographic Techniques.- Special Aspects of Contact Thermography.- Special Aspects of Telethermography.- Some Easily Avoided Pitfalls.- 1.7.4 Thermographic Interpretation.- Basic Signs.- Diagnostic Classification.- Prognostic Classification.- Interpretation and Follow-up.- 1.8 Invasive Examination.- 1.8.1 Nonsurgical Biopsy.- 1.8.2 Open Biopsy.- Preoperative Mammographie Localization.- Pathologic Study.- Specimen Radiography.- 1.9 Magnetic Resonance Imaging.- 2 Normal Breasts.- 2.1 Breast Tissue and Examination Findings.- 2.1.1 Lactiferous-Connective Tissue Network.- 2.1.2 “Passive” Mesenchyma.- 2.1.3 Blood Vessels, Lymphatic System, Nerves.- Arteries.- Veins.- Lymphatics.- Nerves.- 2.1.4 Areolar-Nipple Area.- Nipple.- Areola.- Retroareolar Region.- 2.1.5 Skin.- 2.2 Organic-Functional Variations Related to Normal Sex Hormone Activity.- 2.2.1 Prepuberty.- 2.2.2 Puberty.- 2.2.3 Period of Regular Menstrual Cycles.- First Phase of the Cycle.- Second Phase of the Cycle.- 2.2.4 Pregnancy and Lactation.- Pregnancy.- Lactation.- 2.2.5 Premenopause and Menopause.- 2.2.6 Postmenopause.- 3 Abnormalities and Breast Disease.- 3.1 Local Congenital Abnormalities.- 3.1.1 Embryologic Review.- 3.1.2 Anomalies by Deficiency.- Hypoplasia.- Aplasia.- Amastia.- 3.1.3 Anomalies by Excess.- Polythelia and Polymastia.- Hypertrophy.- 3.1.4 Asymmetry.- 3.1.5 Nipple Inversion.- 3.2 From the Slight Hormonal Imbalance to the Organic-Functional Anomaly.- 3.2.1 Endocrine Anomalies.- Estrogen Deficiency.- Excess Estrogen and Progesterone.- Estrogen-Progesterone Imbalance.- Excess Prolactin.- 3.2.2 Diseases Causing Endocrine Anomalies.- 3.3 Mastosis.- 3.3.1 Apparently Isolated Lesions.- Solid, Well-Delineated Masses.- Poorly Delineated Solid Masses.- Dystrophic Cysts.- Lactiferous Ectasia.- Papillary Adenomas.- Galactocele and “Oil Cyst”.- 3.3.2 Diffuse Mastosis.- General Features.- Lobular Dystrophy.- Papillary Adenomatosis.- 3.3.3 The Examining Physician When Confronted with Mastosis.- 3.4 Benign Mesenchymatous Tumors.- 3.4.1 Common Lipoma.- 3.4.2 Fibroadenolipoma (or Hamartoma).- 3.4.3 Leiomyomas.- 3.4.4 Abrikossof’s Tumor.- 3.5 Carcinoma.- 3.5.1 Characteristic Signs of Malignancy.- Clinical.- Transillumination.- Ultrasonography.- Mammography.- Thermography.- Needle Biopsy.- 3.5.2 Determining the Prognosis.- Based on Radiologic-Clinical Findings.- Based on Thermographic Findings.- Based on Cytologic Findings.- Based on Histologie Findings.- 3.5.3 Types of Carcinoma.- Epithelioma.- Sarcoma.- Secondary Malignant Breast Lesions.- Occult Carcinoma.- False Appearances of Carcinoma.- Treated Carcinoma.- Follow-up After Primary Treatment.- 3.6 Cutaneous and Nipple-Areolar Disease.- 3.6.1 Benign Florid Papillomatosis of the Nipple.- 3.6.2 Subareolar Abscess.- 3.6.3 Sebaceous Cysts.- 3.6.4 Other Nonspecific Skin Lesions.- 3.6.5 Primary Melanoma of the Breast.- 3.7 Vascular Disease.- 3.7.1 Mondor’s Disease.- 3.7.2 Breast Infarction.- 3.7.3 Hematoma.- 3.7.4 Fat Necrosis.- 3.8 Breast Trauma.- 3.8.1 Solitary Closed Trauma.- 3.8.2 Microtrauma of the Breast.- 3.8.3 Surgical Trauma and Breast Injury.- 3.8.4 Foreign Bodies.- 3.9 The Surgical Breast.- 3.9.1 Resections.- Open Biopsy.- Extracapsular Mastectomy.- Reduction Mammoplasty.- 3.9.2 Plastic Surgery Not Affecting the Gland.- Treatment for Nipple Inversion.- Suspension Mammoplasty.- 3.9.3 Augmentation Mammoplasty.- 3.10 Mastitis.- 3.10.1 Acute Mastitis.- Confirming the Mastitis.- Determining the Type of Extension.- Determining the Cause of Mastitis.- The Course of Acute Mastitis.- 3.10.2 Chronic Infectious Mastitis.- 3.10.3 Subacute and Chronic Tuberculosis, Cold Abscess.- 3.10.4 Mycosis and Parasitosis.- Actinomycosis.- Echinococcal Infestation.- Filariasis.- 4 Examination Procedure.- 4.1 Cancer Screening.- 4.1.1 Risk of Cancer.- 4.1.2 Carcinoma.- Telethermography.- Ultrasonography.- Mammography.- The Clinical Examination.- 4.2 Examination and Diagnosis of a Breast Disease.- 4.3 Follow-up of a Breast Disease.- 4.4 Diagnosis of Cancer.- 5 Analysis.- 5.1 Detection.- 5.2 Diagnosis of Cancer.- 5.3 Cancer Work-up.- 5.4 Final Analysis.- 5.4.1 Functional Examination.- 5.4.2 Organic Examination.- Types of Breast Tissue.- Is There a Lesion?.- Is the Lesion Malignant?.- 5.4.3 Screening Factors.- 5.4.4 Suggested Plan.

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews