Several of the approximately nine hundred female cases consulted during the author's herbal practice, are presented in this book as an example. Herbal treatments and prescription drugs are outlined in this book. It also includes cures with Ayurvedic and Western herbalism, and many testimonials are described in detail.
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Female Reproductive System & Herbal Healing vs. Prescription Drugs and their Side Effects
By Chela Ram Bathija
AuthorHouse LLCCopyright © 2014 Chela Ram Bathija, MH, RH (AHG)
All rights reserved.
The Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reproductive System
It is a hollow space or a cavity in the female pelvic region. It is located in the lower part of the abdomen, between the large intestine and the urinary bladder. The primary functions of the uterus are preparation for the fertilization of the fetus, nourishment of the fetus, and taking care of the fetus during the nine months of pregnancy.
The ova and the female reproductive hormones are produced. The two ovaries are situated on the two sides of the uterus. The main function of the ovaries is to produce the egg (ovum) once every month. If sperm is available at the time of ovulation, the egg can unite with the sperm, fertilization can occur, and a fetus is produced. Also ovaries secrete female reproductive hormones that play a very important role in a woman's life from puberty until menopause.
These ducts in the female abdomen transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus. They connect the ovaries with the uterus. When the eggs are released from the ovary, they are fertilized in the first part of the fallopian tube after combining with the sperm. After the sperm and eggs are joined, they are sent to the uterus for further development and growth. The joining of the sperm and egg is called ovulation.
The external part of the female genital tract consists of the cervix, which is attached to the uterus for expelling the fetus at the time of delivery, labia minora, labia majora, and the clitoris.
Reproduction, lactation, and lifestyle play a major role in healthy breasts. Increase in estrogen level protects the heart and bones from aging but cause breast cancer. Healthy breasts are important for moms as well as infant for breastfeeding. The glands that supply milk to the infant are located in upper thorax, one on each side.
The entire physiology of the female reproductive system is dependent upon the hormones secreted by the ovaries (estrogen and progesterone), which are controlled by the pituitary gland. These hormones carry out several functions in a woman's reproductive system.
The hypothalamus releases a hormone called gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). Gonadotropin releasing hormone then signals the pituitary gland to release two hormones—luteinizing hormone (LH)—to cause ovulation and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)—to start sexual development such as genital, breast enlargement and hair growth on genitalia.
Hormonal Secretions and their Effects on the Genital Organs
Hormones carry the following functions in a female:
They cause the monthly menstrual flow (onset of menarche), continue for four to six days, stops the blood flow after six days, and develops the ovum (egg) once every month.
They help in the growth and management of the female secondary sexual characteristics, such as enlargement and development of the breasts, hair growth in the armpits and on the vulva, feminization of the voice, and accumulation of fat on the buttocks and thighs.
They help in preparing the internal uterine wall for receiving the fetus if fertilization occurs or shred the inner uterine wall if the fertilization does not take place.
If pregnancy follows, the hormones take care of the growth of the fetus and facilitate childbirth after the maturation of the fetus is complete in the uterus.
They help in preparing the breasts for lactation during pregnancy and cause adequate lactation after childbirth.CHAPTER 2
Ayurveda, the ancient knowledge of healing, has existed for more than five thousand years, depending on the data given by different sources.
Ayurveda has been written in the ancient books known as Vedas. Many writers have tried to explain it, including Swami Sadashiva Tirtha, Shyam Sunder Rao Chepur, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Vasant Lad, Deepak Chopra, Robert E. Svaboda, and David Frawley. These writers and philosophers believe that Ayurveda helps restore balance in the physiology, eliminates toxins and impurities, and awakens the body's natural healing mechanisms. In order to better understand the topic, it is important to explore its basic principle (doshas).
Thousands of years ago, pioneers, yogis, and monks were able to explore brain tumors, ovarian and kidney cysts, pancreatic and colonic cancer, hepatic lesions, and epilepsy. They were able to do this by examining through the eyes, reading pulses, or by palpation of the body organs. They did not have today's advanced technology—x-rays, sonograms, CT/MRI, and endoscopies—to discover and detect the diseases or pathologic findings.
To understand Ayurveda, it is essential to know about the three doshas (life forces). The physical and mental constitution of an individual is called prakriti. Vasant Lad, BA, MS, MASc, describes the three doshas (vata, pitta, and kapha), in Textbook of Ayurveda, Volume One: Fundamental Principles.
Vata is associated with the elements of space and air. Any disorder of this dosha in any organ is called air disorder. People with dominant vata dosha energy are active and alert. They are cool, quiet, softhearted, and romantic. They have thin, built-up, dry skin and prominent bones. If they lose balance, they can be nervous and fearful.
Vasant Lad explains that vata energy is located in the colon, and these people are prone to health conditions, such as flatulence, gastro-intestinal discomfort (constipation), tics and twitches, aching joints, dry skin and hair, nervous system disorders, anxiety, and nervousness. Vata energy is strongest during the fall season.
Vata people are particularly sensitive to sugar, alcohol, and drugs; therefore, these people should limit the use of these substances. Avoid cold foods, especially during the fall and winter. Avoid ice cream and other cold sweets. Choose warm foods and spices and limit your intake of raw foods. Consume salads and raw vegetables in summer, preferably at lunchtime, when digestive fire (Agni) is strongest. Vata people live well in warm, coastal climates.
According to "Health and Ayurveda." (herbalsafari.com), most of the female reproductive system diseases are caused by vata (vayu) accumulation in the organs. Examples are dysmenorrhea, miscarriages, PMS, vaginitides, and yeast infections. Any disorder in this dosha make the vayu (air) move toward the genital tract and causes pain, irritation, and diseases that belong to vayu. Menstrual discharge is painful, frothy, thin, and creates sounds.
Pitta Dosha (Pit Heat)
Pitta is made of fire and water. Anyone with freckles or red, blond, or prematurely gray hair is probably pitta. These people have strong metabolisms and efficient digestive systems. The energy center of these people is the small intestine. These people easily maintain weight proportionate to height because of their strong metabolisms.
Pitta people are determined, passionate, and successful. They work well under pressure and handle emergencies very well. When they become unbalanced, they are quite scary; they can lash out or develop ulcers. They are very good at making money and spend it easily, but they are not so good at accumulating wealth. They are always quick to move from one passion to the next.
They tend to develop skin rashes, outbreaks, sunburns, and poison ivy reactions. Summer is their season. They are prone to different inflammations, such as conjunctivitis, colitis, sore throats, ulcers, and fevers. At menopause, pitta women may have trouble with hot flashes.
The optimal pitta diet consists of cooling foods, such as cottage cheese, mint tea, oatmeal, basmati rice, and sweet-tasting fruits. Though pittas often love to eat hot, spicy foods, these foods aggravate their natural fire; therefore, they need to use them sparingly.
While vatas may skip meals because they simply forget to eat, pittas are always punctual for meals and dinners. The best place for pittas to live is in cool climates.
The increase pittas cause a disturbance in this dosha and make pitta move to genital tract and produces burning, inflammation, fever, and heat. This means that heat is produced in the genital tract which causes menstrual flow to be blue, yellow, or black with excessive hot discharges and a foul odor.
Kapha Dosha (Phlegm)
The disturbance in this dosha is called a water disorder. This dosha is connected with earth and water. The people who belong to this dosha tend to have well-developed bodies and big bones. Their bodies turn into couch potatoes. Their hair is plentiful, dark, and curly; they have large, beautiful eyes and charming smiles. They have trouble controlling their weight. Kaphas are strong, calm, and forgiving.
Kaphas are wise, relaxed, and tolerant. They are grounded and readily accept changes. They have good humor and make friends easily. Kaphas also become attached to people and things. If they go downhill, they end up becoming greedy, selfish, and possessive, which is an obstacle to spiritual health.
Kapha energy is dominant in winter and early spring, and the diseases they acquire are colds, flues, sinusitis, and seasonal allergies. They often feel tired and retain water.
They can live long and have the advantage of a healthy lifestyle. They possess natural strength if they eat sensibly and exercise regularly. A good kapha diet consists of pungent, bitter, and astringent foods. They need to avoid sweets and follow a low-fat diet in order to stay healthy.
They are good at making money and saving it. They love to live in warm or moderate weather.
Excessively watery foods and liquids cause toxins to move to the female reproductive tract. This change causes them to experience slimy, cold, itchy, mild pain. The menstrual flow is pale and slimy.
Female Reproductive System
I will divide all the abnormal findings of female reproductive organ in three age groups:
The Normal Menstrual Cycle and the Role of Estrogen/Progesterone
A normal menstrual cycle is menstrual bleeding that occurs regularly every month. A series of changes occurs in a woman's body to prepare her for pregnancy. Although the average cycle is twenty-eight days, it can be shorter or longer. Girls usually start their menstrual cycles between the ages of eleven and fourteen. When a woman reaches thirty-nine, she gets fewer and fewer periods until periods stop and menopause starts around the age of fifty.
Consult your doctor if you have three or more very heavy menstrual periods that last longer than seven days, are bleeding between periods, or are having pelvic pain that is not from your period.
Estrogen and progesterone play the biggest roles in how the uterus changes during each cycle. Estrogen builds up the lining of the uterus, and progesterone increases after an ovary releases an egg (ovulation) at the middle of the cycle. This helps the estrogen keep the lining thick and ready for the fertilized egg. A drop in progesterone (along with estrogen) causes the lining to break down. This is when your period starts.
The hormonal disturbance can cause menstrual irregularities, which will be discussed in the next chapter. Menstrual irregularities can bear different names, such as dysmenorrheal (painful menstruation), amenorrhea (no menses), and polymenorrhea (heavy menstruation). Some females who do not have excessive bleeding during menstruation may experience premenstrual syndrome, widely known as PMS.
The major problems in this period are: Vaginities, Teenage pregnancy, and HIV/AIDS.
Other less common ailments in this period include endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and menstrual disorders, which will be discussed in the childbearing period.
Vaginitis (inflammation of the vagina) is the result of bacterial or yeast infections, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, viral infections, and low estrogen levels (White and Foster 2000, 533). The symptoms of vaginitis may include vaginal discharge with a foul odor, an itching or burning sensation in the vagina, abdominal discomfort, pain during urination or intercourse, and light vaginal bleeding.
Vaginitis is a common dilemma in the teen world; it is commonly known as a sexually transmitted disease (STD). However, it is also common during the childbearing period because of unprotected sex or medical conditions, such as diabetes. STDs are caused by fungal, viral, or bacterial infections, but not all vaginitides cases are STDs.
Dr. Robert M. Giller has beautifully classified vaginitis in Natural Treatment and Vitamin Therapies for over 100 Common Ailments. According to Dr. Giller, non-STD irritants can cause vaginites. These include chemicals, laundry detergents, spermicides, feminine hygiene products, latex condoms, soaps, foreign bodies-such as tampons or diaphragms — eft in too long, traumatic sexual activities, or physical trauma to the vagina. Vaginitis can also occur due to hormonal irregularities in postmenopausal women (atrophic vaginitis), women whose ovaries have been removed, or hormonal imbalances that cause increased vaginal discharge.
It is important to highlight some major concerns about how vaginitis occurs and how it can be treated.
unsafe sex practices
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Genital Lesions
Trichomoniasis, herpes (85 percent HSV2), chlamydia, gonorrhea, chancroid, primary syphilis, parasites (scabies), human papillomavirus (HPV), painless condylomas, and HIV/AIDS can cause genital lesions.
Vaginal Discharge and itching can be caused by trichomonas, bacterial vaginosis (chlamydia and gonorrhea), and candidiasis. If you get frequent vaginal infections, think of three things:
Your infection is mismanaged—or not adequately treated—by your health care provider.
Your infection has progressed to an advanced stage, and your local treatment cannot clear the infection. This is common with candidiasis.
Your significant other or spouse is infected and keeps infecting you. In this case, your sex partner should be also treated.
Who is at Risk?
Women who participate in high-risk sexual behavior, such as multiple sex partners, anal sex, and unprotected sex.
Women who abuse intravenous drugs
Women with impaired immune systems
Adolescent health by WHO (World Health Organization)
The WHO defines adolescence as a period of growth between the ages of ten through nineteen years, and they are often thought of as a healthy group. Nevertheless, many adolescents die prematurely due to accidents, suicide, violence, pregnancy-related complications and other illnesses that are preventable or treatable. Many more suffer chronic ill health and disability.
In addition, many serious diseases in adulthood have their roots in adolescence. For example, tobacco use, sexually transmitted infections (including HIV), and poor eating and exercise habits can lead to illness or premature death later in life.
Contact your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms: burning or itching in the vagina, pain during sex or urination, discharge from the vagina, sores, warts, or lumps in the genital or anal area.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
A sexually transmitted disease (STD) is an illness spread through sexual contact. These diseases can be transmitted by vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
Throughout the world, many youths have sexual intercourse and are at risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, or unintended pregnancies.
The most common STDs that affect women include chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes simplex virus (HSV), human papillomavirus (HPV), trichomoniasis, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Premarital sexual intercourse is common and appears to be on the rise in all regions of the world. Young people everywhere reach puberty earlier and marry later than in the past. As a result, youths are sexually mature for a longer period prior to marriage. Sexual experience varies with by region. Studies suggest that 2-11 percent of Asian women have had sexual intercourse by eighteen; 12-44 percent of Latin American women by age sixteen; and 45-52 percent of sub-Saharan African women by age nineteen. In developed countries, most young women have had sex prior to twenty: 67 percent in France, 79 percent in Great Britain, and 71 percent in the United States (Darroch et al. 2001).
Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing are associated with pregnancy complications, illegal or unsafe abortions, and death—especially in women under age fifteen (Darroch et al. 2001). Teenage pregnancy rates vary in developed countries. The ratios are 22 percent in the United States, 15 percent in Great Britain, 11 percent in Canada, 6 percent in France, and 4 percent in Sweden. It seems that childbearing pregnancy in adolescence is more common than these developed countries (Darroch et al. 2001). In other words teenage girls in America are more prone to pregnancy, then those of Canada and European countries.
Pregnant women with STDs can pass these organisms on to their children and can cause serious consequences for newborns. Pregnant women should be screened for STDs and treated immediately. Common STDs include gonorrhea, chlamydia, candidiasis, and herpes simplex.
Excerpted from Female Reproductive System & Herbal Healing vs. Prescription Drugs and their Side Effects by Chela Ram Bathija. Copyright © 2014 Chela Ram Bathija, MH, RH (AHG). Excerpted by permission of AuthorHouse LLC.
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Table of Contents
ContentsChapter 1: The Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reproductive System, 1,
Chapter 2: Ayurveda, 5,
Chapter 3: Teenage/Puberty Period, 10,
Chapter 4: Pregnancy and Childbirth/Childbearing Age, 34,
Chapter 5: Menopause, 81,
Chapter 6: Impotence, 91,
Chapter 7: Cancer, 100,
Chapter 8: Diet, Nutrition, and Daily Vitamin Requirements, 103,
Chapter 9: Materia Medicas, 116,