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Field Guide to the Natural World of Washington, D.C. by Howard Youth, Mark A. Klingler

Nature awaits discovery at almost every turn in the complex ecosystem of Washington, D.C. In parks large and small, within the District's gardens, and on public streets, there is tremendous biodiversity. In Field Guide to the Natural World of Washington, D.C., naturalist Howard Youth takes us on an urban safari, describing the wild side of the nation's capital.

Beyond the abundant wildlife that can be seen in every neighborhood, Washington boasts a large park network rich in natural wonders. A hike along the trails of Rock Creek Park, one of the country’s largest and oldest urban forests, quickly reveals white-tailed deer, eastern gray squirrels, and little brown bats. Mayapples, Virginia bluebells, and red mulberry trees are but a few of the treasures found growing at the National Arboretum. A stroll along the Potomac and Anacostia Rivers might reveal stealthy denizens such as bullfrogs, largemouth bass, and common snapping turtles. Detailed drawings by Carnegie artist Mark A. Klingler and photography by Robert E. Mumford, Jr., reveal the rich color and stunning beauty of the flora and fauna awaiting every D.C. naturalist.

Whether seeking a secluded jog or an adventurous outing, residents and tourists alike will find this handsome guide indispensable for finding oases away from the noise of the city.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781421412047
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication date: 04/03/2014
Pages: 400
Sales rank: 1,242,494
Product dimensions: 5.20(w) x 8.20(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Howard Youth is a freelance natural history writer and former associate editor and communications manager for the Friends of the National Zoo. His work has been published in Audubon magazine, National Wildlife, and the Washington Post. Mark A. Klingler is a natural history artist in residence at Carnegie Museum of Natural History and illustrator of Field Guide to the Natural World of New York City, also published by Johns Hopkins. Robert E. Mumford, Jr., is a wildlife photographer whose work has appeared in Birder's World, Smithsonian Zoogoer (the National Zoo's magazine), and the New York Times.

Table of Contents

Foreword Kirk Johnsom 11

Acknowledgments 13

1 The Natural, and Not-So-Natural, History of Washington, D.C 19

2 Visiting D.C. Parks 27

3 The Parks 35

Northwest 37

Northeast 88

Southwest 102

Southeast 122

4 Animals 135



Farthworm 136


Brown Daddy Longlegs, or Brown Harvestman 138

Goldenrod Crab Spider 140

Rabid Wolf Spider 140


Garden Millipede 142

Garden Centipede 142


Common Eastern Firefly 144

Lady Beetle 144

Honeybee 146

Eastern Carpenter Bee 146

Eastern Yellow Jacket 147

Eastern Cicada Killer 148

Annual Cicada 150

Asian Tiger Mosquito 150

Common Green Darner 152

Eastern Forktail 152

Eastern Amberwing 152

Polyphemus Moth 154

Eastern Tent Moth and Eastern Tent Caterpillar 154

Cabbage White Butterfly 156

Mourning Cloak Butterfly 156

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail 158

Spicebush Swallowtail 158

Monarch 160


Common Pillbug 162

Rough Sowbug 162

Crayfish 164



Common Carp 166

Channel Catfish 168

Bluegill 170

Largemouth Bass 170


Redback Salamander 172

American Toad 174

Bullfrog 176

Spring Peeper 178


Snapping Turtle 180

Eastern Painted Turtle 182

Northern Water Snake 184

Black Rat Snake 186


Double-crested Cormorant 188

Canada Goose 190

Mallard 192

Wood Duck 194

Ring-necked Duck 196

Hooded Merganser 198

Great Blue Heron 200

Black-crowned Night-heron 202

Red-tailed Hawk 204

Osprey 206

American Coot 208

Ring-billed Gull 210

Mourning Dove 212

Chimney Swift 214

Downy Woodpecker 216

Red-bellied Woodpecker 218

Northern Flicker 220

Pileated Woodpecker 222

Eastern Kingbird 224

Blue Jay 226

Carolina Chickadee 228

Tufted Titmouse 230

White-breasted Nuthatch 232

Carolina Wren 234

American Robin 236

Gray Catbird 238

Northern Mockingbird 240

Yellow Warbler 242

Yellow-rumped Warbler 242

Common Yellowthroat 245

Red winged Blackbird 246

Common Grackle 248

European Starling 250

House Sparrow 252

Dark-eyed Junco 254

Northern Cardinal 256

House Finch 258

American Goldfinch 260

More D.C. Birds 262


Northern Raccoon 268

Eastern Chipmunk 270

Eastern Gray Squirrel 272

Woodchuck (Groundhog) 274

Eastern Cottontail 276

White-tailed Deer 278

More D.C. Mammals 280

5 Plants 283

Aquatic Plants

Common Cattail 284

Common Reed 286


Red and White Glover 288

Common Milkweed 290

Common Mullein 292

Dandelion 294

Spotted or Orange Jewel weed 296


Eastern White Pine 298

Virginia Pine 298

Eastern Redcedar 300

Ailanthus 302

American Elm 304

American Beech 306

Sugar Maple 308

Red Maple 308

Norway Maple 310

Sassafras 312

Boxelder 312

Willow Oak 314

Chestnut Oak 314

Eastern White Oak 316

Northern Red Oak 316

Pin Oak 318

Ginkgo 320

Crape-Myrtle 322

White and Red Mulberry Trees 324

Eastern Redbud 326

Sweetgum 326

American Sycamore 330

Tuliptree 332

Southern Magnolia 334

Weeping Willow 336

Black Cherry 338

Yoshino Cherry 340

Flowering Dogwood 344

American Holly 346

Native Shrubs

Spicebush 348

Mapleleaf Viburnum 348

Arrow wood Viburnum 348

Nonnative Shrubs

Bush Honeysuckle 350

Wine berry 350

Multiflora Rose 350

Native Vines

Poison Ivy 352

Virginia Creeper 352

Nonnative Vines

Porcelainberry 354

Japanese Honeysuckle 354

6 Mushrooms 357

Artist's Conk 358

Chicken Mushroom, Sulphur Shelf, or Chicken of-the Woods 360

Turkey Tail 362

7 Geology 365

Organizations 373

Bibliography 375

Index 381

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