Decades after President Johnson initiated the War on Poverty, it is time for an unbiased assessment of its effects. In this book a distinguished group of economists, sociologists, political scientists, and social policy analysts provide that assessment. Spending on social programs has greatly increased, yet poverty has declined only slightly. Do the numbers alone give an accurate picture? Have the government's efforts, as some critics claim, done more harm than good? The authors of this volume provide a balanced and wide-ranging analysis of antipoverty policies since the 1960s, including both successes and failures.
The evidence shows that simple comparisons of spending levels and poverty trends do not tell the whole story: they obscure the diversity of the poor population and the many complex issues involved in evaluating policies. The authors address such questions as: How do economic growth, social movements, and changes in the welfare system affect the poor? What economic and political factors influence antipoverty programs, and conversely, what implications do these programs have for employment, education, health care, family structure, and civil rights?
The authors' account of past failures and their agenda for the next decade show clearly that much remains to be done. Yet they are not as pessimistic as some writers, who maintain that nothing will work. Rather, they say, nothing will work miracles.
As a guide to the economics and politics of antipoverty programs, this volume is peerless. It is certain to become an important reference for students and scholars in the field, for policy analysts and policymakers, and for program administrators.
|Publisher:||Harvard University Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||5.98(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Daniel H. Weinberg is an economist with the Office of Income Security Policy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Table of Contents
Sheldon H. Danziger and Daniel H. Weinberg
2. Public Spending for the Poor: Trends, Prospects, and Economic Limits
3. Antipoverty Policy: Effects on the Poor and the Nonpoor
Sheldon H. Danziger, Robert H. Haveman, and Robert D. Plotnick
4. Poverty in America: Is Welfare the Answer or the Problem?
David T. Ellwood and Lawrence H. Summers
5. Health Care for the Poor: The Past Twenty Years
6. The Effect of Direct Job Creation and Training Programs on Low-Skilled Workers
Laurie J. Bassi and Orley Ashenfelter
7. Education and Training Programs and Poverty
Nathan Glazer, Comment by Christopher Jencks
8. Macroeconomics, Income Distribution, and Poverty
Rebecca M. Blank and Alan S. Blinder
9. Household Composition and Poverty
Mary Jo Bane
10. Poverty and Family Structure: The Widening Gap between Evidence and Public Policy Issues
William Julius Wilson and Kathryn M. Neckerman
11. Legal Rights and Welfare Change, 1960-1980
Michael R. Sosin, Comment by Lawrence M. Mead
12. Social Policies, Civil Rights, and Poverty
Charles V. Hamilton and Dona C. Hamilton
13. The Political Foundations of Antipoverty Policy
14. The Main Themes
Edward M. Gramlich
15. A Poverty Research Agenda for the Next Decade
Daniel H. Weinberg