Filipinos have been a part of the history of the United States and San Diego for over 400 years. The Manila-Acapulco galleon trade ships included Filipinos on sailing expeditions to California, including the port of San Diego. After the Philippines became a territory of the United States in 1898, many Filipinos began immigrating to San Diego. The community grew rapidly, particularly in the 1920s and 1930s. After World War II, Filipino veterans returned with their war brides and the community began to build further. The Immigration Act of 1965 increased Filipino immigration into San Diego to include military personnel, especially those enlisted in the U.S. Navy, as well as professionals. Today Filipino Americans are the largest Asian American ethnic group in San Diego.
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About the Author
Dr. Judy Patacsil is a second-generation Filipina American born in San Diego to pioneering immigrant parents. Dr. Rudy Guevarra Jr. is a fourth-generation Filipino American, born and raised in San Diego, and is a descendant of pioneering Filipino great-grandparents. Professor Felix Tuyay has taught Asian American Studies and Filipino American History for over 30 years. The San Diego chapter of the Filipino American National Historical Society (FANHS) is an active community organization. The mission of FANHS is to promote understanding, education, enlightenment, appreciation, and enrichment through the identification, gathering, preservation, and dissemination of the history and culture of Filipino Americans in the United States.
Table of Contents
1 Early Pioneers and Settlers 11
2 Foundations of the Community 31
3 Military Life 67
4 Forging Identities 87
5 Contributions to the Community 111