First Aid for Your Car: Your expert guide to common problems & how to fix them

First Aid for Your Car: Your expert guide to common problems & how to fix them

by Carl Collins

Paperback

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Overview

The First Aid for Your Car is and essential book for any and all car-owners. Avoid serious repair bills by learning what to do when something goes wrong. Our cars are essential to us, and we rely on them for so much that it's hard to imagine being without them. Doing the wrong thing when your car develops problems could cost you a lot of money and be a real inconvenience — but what if your car has a water leak, or if you discover oil underneath it? What if a warning light comes on? What could be the cause? Is the car safe to drive, or do I need a breakdown service or a mechanic? How can I get it to a garage safely? This book covers the most common problems that can occur on modern cars. It's easy to follow, written in language understandable to even those with absolutely no car knowledge, and is full of detailed photographs. Probably the most valuable tool you can have for your car, and you only need basic mechanical skills to get the full benefit of this book.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781845845193
Publisher: Veloce Publishing
Publication date: 09/01/2013
Pages: 128
Product dimensions: 5.80(w) x 8.20(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Carl Collins has been providing straightforward technical help and advice for the last six years through carbasics.co.uk

Table of Contents

Introduction 6

About the author & important information 7

1 Starting problems 8

1.1 Starter turns engine slowly but engine won't start 8

1.2 Starter turns engine strongly but engine won't start 9

1.3 No noise when ignition key turned 11

1.4 Clicking noise but engine won't start 13

1.5 Car struggles to start from cold 13

1.6 Car struggles to start from hot 15

1.7 Engine starts, but stops straight away 15

2 Warning lights & gauges 17

2.1 Engine warning light 17

2.2 Oil pressure warning light 18

2.3 Alternator/battery warning light 18

2.4 ABS warning light 19

2.5 Airbag warning light 20

2.6 Temperature gauge stopped working 20

2.7 Temperature gauge showing very hot 21

2.8 Electronic power steering warning light 22

2.9 Brake warning light 23

2.10 Tyre pressure monitoring system warning light 24

2.11 Seatbelt warning light 25

2.12 Diesel particulate filter (DPF) warning light 26

2.13 Glow plug light (diesel engines) 27

2.14 Fuel filter water trap (diesel engines) 28

3 Noises 29

3.1 Engine bay noises 29

3.2 Exhaust noises 34

3.3 Wheel noises 35

3.4 Brake noises 39

3.5 Suspension noises 40

3.6 Clutch noises 41

3.7 Under-car noises 42

4 Smells 44

4.1 Sweet smell 44

4.2 Fishy smell 46

4.3 Smells like burning paper 46

4.4 Burning oil smell 47

4.5 Fuel smell 49

4.6 Rotten egg smell 50

5 Leaking liquids 52

5.1 Oil leaking from gearbox 52

5.2 Oil leaking from sump gasket/plug 54

5.3 Oil leaking from head gasket 55

5.4 Brake fluid leaking from brake lines or hoses 57

5.5 Brake fluid leaking from a brake caliper or brake drum 58

5.6 Coolant leaking from radiator/engine hose 60

6 Exhaust problems 63

6.1 White smoke coming from the exhaust 63

6.2 Blue smoke coming from the exhaust 63

6.3 Exhaust is leaking 64

6.4 Part of the exhaust has come off 67

7 Windscreen 68

7.1 Windscreen has cracked 68

7.2 Windscreen wipers will not work 68

7.3 Windscreen washers won't work 69

8 Engine 71

8.1 Engine has cut out when driving 71

8.2 Car has limited power when driving 72

8.3 Engine overheating 73

8.4 Hissing noise/steam coming from under bonnet 74

9 Lights & indicators 77

9.1 Broken headlight/taillight 77

10 Brakes 79

10.1 Steering wheel vibration when braking 79

10.2 Handbrake not holding car stationary 80

10.3 Wheel locking under braking 82

10.4 Handbrake locked on/dragging wheel 82

10.5 Brake pedal feels spongy when depressed 84

10.6 Brake pedal - excessive travel 86

10.7 Brake fluid leaking from front brakes 87

10.8 Brake fluid leaking from rear brakes 88

10.9 Steering pulls to the left/right under braking 89

10.10 Brake pedal pulses under heavy braking 91

10.11 Brakes or a wheel getting very hot 92

10.12 Electric parking brake (referred to as EPB or e-brake) failure 92

11 Gearbox & clutch 94

11.1 Manual gearbox/clutch faults 94

11.2 Automatic gearbox/clutch faults 97

12 Steering 100

12.1 Steering pulls to the left/right whilst driving 100

12.2 Squealing noise when turning steering wheel 101

12.3 Steering has become very heavy 101

13 4×4 problems 104

13.1 4×4 oil and oil leaks 104

13.2 4×4 noises 104

13.3 Changing tyres on 4×4 vehicles 105

13.4 Cannot engage four-wheel drive 106

14 Suspension, wheels & tyres 107

14.1 Loud banging noise from front on rough ground 107

14.2 Steering pulling to the left or right (not under braking) 108

14.3 Nail/debris stuck in tyre 108

14.4 Uneven tyre wear 109

14.5 Tyre will not inflate 110

14.6 Bulging or uneven shaping of the tyre treads or walls 111

14.7 Wheel bolt seized 111

14.8 Wheel bolt broken 112

14.9 Locking wheel nuts/bolts 113

15 Engine coolant 114

15.1 Very little coolant in the engine 114

15.2 Coolant leaking 115

16 Fuel 117

16.1 Running out of fuel 117

16.2 Filling up with the wrong fuel 117

16.3 Strong smell of fuel 118

16.4 Fuel filler flap won't open 119

17 Winter 120

17.1 Frozen locks 120

17.2 Frozen doors 121

17.3 Frozen windscreen wipers 122

Index 127

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