In 1925 Howard Johnson was the first to establish the mass-market menu. And thus the fast-food chain was born.
The United States' first Thanksgiving Day Parade was presented by Gimbels in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, November 25, 1920.
Aretha Franklin, the "Queen of Soul," was the first woman inducted in Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Throughout history, much of human progress has been driven by the need to be the first or even the only person to accomplish something.
In First/Only, an unique collection of interesting facts, author Nedson W. Campbell has compiled a reference to some of the most significant and groundbreaking events in human history. From Cain, the first person ever to commit a murder, to BOX-USA, the only interactive music video station, Campbell provides a plethora of remarkable bits of information that may help you start a conversation or spark a debate.
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By Nedson W. Campbell
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The Guidestar navigation system is ONLY the first generation of devices that one day will likely be as common as car radios.
The first major museum dedicated to the Underground Railroad—the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center—was opened in the year 2002 in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Little Richard's first hit, "Tutti Frutti" coincided with Rosa Park's letting the white folks know she would not be forced to sit in the rear of a public bus, thus launching the civil rights movement.
Lexus presented the worlds first in dash, six-disc CD Auto-Changer.
In 1996 the West Indian Carnival (Brooklyn Carnival) was televised locally for the first time. London's Notting Hill Carnival is now Europe's largest cultural festival, with millions of participants representing almost every race and creed.
Stanley H. Greene is president of the BOX-USA, the worlds first and ONLY interactive music video cable channel.
It was in Bristol, Pa where the first aircraft company merger took place, when the Loenig Company merged with Keystone. It was also in Bristol where Fleetwings Aircraft set up shop in 1934 and built the U.S. first all-stainless steel aircraft, the amphibious Sea Bird.
Sgt. Danyell Wilson is the first Black female guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers at Arlington National Cemetery. Wilson is a member of the Old Guard, the official ceremonial unit of the U.S. Army.
Israel L. Gaither is the new chief secretary of the Salvation Army-USA Eastern territory. Gaither is the first African-American and the youngest ever appointed to this position.
ONLY once in the 50-year history of the College World Series has the game ended with a homerun, (in '96 when Warren Morris' two-run, bottom-of-the-ninth shot won the title for LSU).
Not ONLY was GRAPE IV the first teraflop supercomputer ever built, but also its simulations of small globular clusters confirmed Sugimoto's theory that the cores of these clusters oscillate.
In 1949, the first Russian atomic bomb was tested.
September 18, 1999 marked the 100th anniversary of the first fatal auto accident in the United States. It happened at 51st and Lexington Avenue in NYC.
Female mosquitoes lay their eggs ONLY in water.
January 2000 Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell chairman of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee is the ONLY American Indian in the U.S. Senate.
Although Ehud Barak was not the first Israeli leader to visit the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Berlin, he was the first since Germany reclaimed the one-time sear of Nazi power as it's capital.
If you put the 400 richest Americans together (in the year 2000) their fortunes would hit the $1 Trillion mark for the first time-that's greater than the gross domestic product of China.
Yemen's first direct presidential election was marred by low turnout on September 23rd, 1999.
Consider Raw Vanilla the very first men's fragrance to feature vanilla as its star ingredient.
The first-time procedure of an ovarian implant appears to have restored fertility to a menopausal woman.
For the first time, injections of the hormone leptin has been shown to curb appetite and induce weight loss in a human.
Pedro Almodovar of Spain is not ONLY among the world's most famous directors, but probably the ONLY living foreign-language filmmaker whose name alone can sell movies in the U.S.
Sir Edmund Hillary, the British adventurer led the first expedition to the South Pole.
(9/16/99) caused severe flood warning in Philadelphia and it's surrounding area for the first time ever, (excessive rain due to Hurricane Floyd). At Temple University 5.38" of rain fell in one day, a record.
During WWII the Japanese submarine I-52 was sunk by U.S. pilots—in the U.S. the mission was heralded as the first coordinated kill of a submarine using sonobuoys and acoustic torpedoes.
The Denver schools have become the first big-city U.W. school district to approve a contract that links teacher pay to student performance.
The downing of the F117A on March 27, 1999 in Yugoslavia was the first loss of a stealth aircraft in combat.
With Senator Beverly Hollingsworth's' election as Senate president September 99', New Hampshire became the first state to have a female governor, a female Senate president and a female House Speaker all at the same time.
The first Farm Aid concert was held in 1985; the host and chief organizer was and still is Willie Nelson.
The 737 is the ONLY commercial jet with a rudder (the largest moving part of the jet) controlled by a single hydraulic valve. Other jets have multiple valves that can compensate for each other if one jams.
The first democratic transfer of power in Russia's history took place on May 7th, 2000 with President Vladimir Putin pledged to finish building democracy and restore the country to it's world power status.
Doctors performed the first operation September 23, 1998 (replacing a hand on a patient) in Lyons, France and the second one in Louisville, Kentucky. First person in the world was Clint Hallman an Australian, the second person and first American was Nathan Scott.
In 1997 physicians at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee, successfully performed the first fetal surgery for a nonlethal disorder called spina bifida.
In April '91, with the conclusion of the NBA regular season, financially strapped franchises can, for the first time, apply for assistance from the league.
The Converse All-Starr He:01 is the first shoe to use lighter-than-air helium as a cushion.
A Wildlife Conservation Society biologist first glimpsed the world's smallest (25 lbs) deer in Burma in 1997.
Virgil Foster was believed to be the first person in California killed in an attack of "killer" bees, and sixth nationwide. Foster was a beekeeper.
Disney World in Florida was forced to close its operations for the first time ever on September 14, 1999. Hurricane Floyd with winds of up to 145 mph was the cause.
In 1990 Ashanthi DeSilva became the world's first patient to receive gene therapy. Doctors injected the girl with a healthy gene that produces an infection-fighting enzyme.
In the 1950', Wistar's Leonard Hayflick and Paul S. Moorhead grew the first normal human cell line in a culture dish—an important step in the development of vaccines and the manufacturing of human aging.
The world's first digital computer weighed 30 tons. Nauchly and co-inventor J. Presper Echert, then at Penn, later founded the company that became Unisys.
When American Forests began cataloguing in 1917, creating America's first National Register of Big Trees, it was an act of preservation.
In 1983, Drexel University in Philadelphia, Pa became the U.S. first university to require every student to have personal access to a microcomputer.
Cay Burns is the first woman commander of the Liberty Bell Chapter of American ex-POW's.
Cuauhtemoc Cardenas, son of revered former President of Mexico Lazaro Cardenas, is the first elected mayor of Mexico City, the most prominent figure on Mexico's left.
Lynette Woodard, a former University of Kansas star who is the all-time leading scorer in NCAA women's basketball, became the first woman to join the Harlem Globetrotters basketball team in 1985.
The MOMSENG LUNG invented by Swede Momsen in '39 was the first self-contained breathing device for human use underwater-which opened the way for modern scuba diving.
On June 9, 1902 Horn & Hardart opened the first automat restaurant in America in Philadelphia, Pa.
The U. S. first Thanksgiving Day Parade presented by Gimbels in Philadelphia, Pa, November 25, 1920.
The first Pennsylvania lottery ticket was sold March 7, 1972.
Bishop John Neumann was canonized June 19, 1977-thus becoming the first male American Saint.
The ONLY perennial best-sellers ever penned in Philadelphia are the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
Judith Rodin, a 1966 graduate of the University of Pennsylvania became its first female president-the first female president of any Ivy League School, for that matter.
President Jimmy Carter named the first black woman cabinet member-Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Patricia R. Harris.
The 79-year-old Miss America Organization held the Miss America pageant at the Convention Hall in Atlantic City, N.J. accomplished a lot of FIRSTS during the crowning of Miss America 2000:
First time a host woman (Marie Osmond) announces another woman as winner, Heather Renee French. First time in the history of the pageant that a Miss America comes from the state of Kentucky. For the first time, contestants provided all their own outfits. Two-piece swimsuits were allowed but no thongs. The first tremor came when pageant officials quietly tried to change next year's eligibility rules to allow Candidates who had been married or pregnant, and had an abortion or a child who died. Heather Renee French became the first Miss America to wear the newly designed Rhinestone-and-ruby "Millennium" Crown.
Gabrielle Kirk McDonald is the ONLY American who is also black-among 14 judges of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
Frenchman Fabrice Gropaiz braved the wind-whipped tundra of Siberia and the baked canyon lands of Northern Mexico (among some 15 countries) to become the first person to circumnavigate the globe on skates.
Aretha Franklin "Queen of Soul"-was the first woman inducted in Rock 'N Roll Hall of Fame.
Air Force Col. Eileen Collins became the first female to be commander of a space shuttle flight. Space shuttle Columbia released the worlds most powerful x-ray telescope weighing the heaviest ever on a shuttle flight.
A Pyrenean mountain dog has become the first pet since 1901 to enter Britain without the rigid six-month quarantine period.
ONLY Sandy Koufax (4) and Bob Feller (3) have more than two no-hitters compared to 7 by Nolan Ryan.
Casual "Cal" Dupree and his partner Cedric "Ricky" Walker, founders and owners of the Universal Big Top Circus, b-boys, with Black aerialists broke ground in '94 for African-Americans. The ONLY other documented African-American owned circus was started by a man named Efram Lewis over 100 years ago.
Although the first all Black movie channel has been on select cable airwaves since February '97, if you don't live in certain parts of Louisiana, D.C. or California, you'll be on a never ending quest for your 24-hour melanted film experience.
Since 1953, when REM (rapid eye movement), or the dream state, was first recognized, about thirty studies have dissected gender differences in dreaming.
ONLY two players other than Michael Jordon have averaged 30 points a game at age 30 or older—Jerry West and Rick Barry.
ONLY three fillies have won the Kentucky Derby:
Regret (1915) Genuine Rick (1980) and Winning Colors (1988).
Johannes Brahms finished his first symphony in 1876 at age 42.
Japanese women were able to buy contraceptive pills in 1999 for the first time.Americans had it 40 years ago.
Hockey Hall of Famer Mario Lemieux opened new territory for modern-day millionaire athletes by becoming the first ex-player to embrace the role as decision-making owner of a major pro sports franchise.
When James Hormel, the first openly gay U.S. ambassador takes up his post in Luxembourg in September '99 it will be in one of the world's most tolerant societies-or in a country five centuries behind the times.
Hunters crossing a glacier in northern Canada have discovered the well preserved frozen body of an early American (August '99) the first "iceman" found in North America.
Cypress Hill, The Offspring and No Doubt are among the performers slated for the first ARTIST direct Online Music Awards, October 7th, 1999 at the House of Blues in Los Angeles.
British band Blor says it will record the first music to be played on Mars. The group volunteered to write a song to be beamed back from the Red Planet when the unmanned British space probe Beagle 2 lands there in 2003.
Rock legend Van Morrison is set to become the first star inducted into Dublin's Irish Music Hall of Fame.
In September '99 Major General David Hale became the first U.S. Army general to be demoted in 45 years.
North and South Korea naval ships exchanged fire June 15, 1999 at the disputed Yellow Sea Border in the first such skirmish since the end of the 1950-1953 Korean War.
The Douglas Skyraider was the U.S. Navy's first jet fighter.
The first Monday in October is traditionally the starting date of the U. S. Supreme Court term.
ONLY four percent (4%) of all veterans service-connected disability claims are given approval.
ONLY about one third to half of the world's people regularly sit down in a chair.
Haverford, Pennsylvania (near Philadelphia) is the ONLY College in the U.S. that still awards a letter in varsity cricket.
Before tossing out the first ball at the 1986 World Series, Speaker of the House, Tip O'Neill practiced for two weeks in a Capital hallway. He threw a perfect strike.
Andrew Akers and Dwane van der Sluis of New Zealand set up the first Zorb venue (is a transparent, inflatable plastic ball within a ball) in Rotorua, New Zealand, in 1996, the Kiwi craze has spread to Europe and South Africa.
ONLY one in five adult Americans considers him or herself computer literate.
There are ONLY about four (4) thousand words in the English sign, but over 40 thousand words in the English Language.
The ONLY woman to receive the Medal of Honor of all the recipients was Dr. Mary Edwards Walker.
ONLY five percent (5%) of babies are born on their due date.
The ONLY thing a virus cannot penetrate is glass.
The first U.S. Presidential car was one seized from Al Capone and used by President Truman. The car was armor plated.
The first 24-hour 7-Eleven store opened in 1963 in Las Vegas, Nevada.
When President Bill Clinton took office in 1992 there was ONLY one chartered school in the U. S. At the beginning of the school year in '99 there were over 1700.
Viagra works for ONLY seventy percent (70%) of patients.
ONLY sixteen percent (16%) of Israeli Jews define themselves as religious.
In 1995 Soo Yeun Kim was honored as a finalist in the Westinghouse Science Talent Search, the first time this award was made posthumously.
The first covered bridge in America was built by Timothy Palmera, a Massachusetts carpenter. The bridge was located in Philadelphia, spanning the Schuykill River.
Television ABC's Wide World of Sports was first aired on April 29, 1961 with host Jim McKay.
Bill Irwin does not give up easily, in November 1990 he became the first blind person known to have walked the entire Appalachian Trail.
On January 2, 1996 Officer Lauretha (Laurie) Vaird, a Mother of two boys was killed, Vaird became the first Philadelphia policewoman to be slain in the line of duty.
McDonald's first mascot was named "Speedy".
On Sunday September 12, 1999 was be the first time that Iraq chairs the Arab League of Foreign Ministers since the invasion of Kuwait.
The Chicago Military Academy opened August '99 as the first public school in the United States run by the Army's Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (JROTC)
The 8th Regiment Armory is in the city of Chicago, once home to the U.S. first black commanded infantry unit.
The Old Testament is first of all the sacred Bible of Judaism, and it is so regarded at the present time.
The Johnson Sea Link submersible plunged 3,000 feet beneath the surface as history's first deep-diving expedition to the Galapagos probes depths where no camera has gone before.
Teotihuacán, the first metropolis in the Western Hemisphere, lies about 25 miles from Mexico City.
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark (Lewis and Clark), exploring the new Louisiana Purchase, forging to the Pacific and back in three years (1804-1806), they were the first Americans to see the entire sweep of the continent.
The Galapagos worms marked the first discovery of living things that used chemical energy rather than relying on the sun for energy.
For the first time since 1980, three teen-agers advanced to the women's semi-finals at the 1999 U.S Open—Martina Hingis, Venus Williams and her sister Serena Williams.
Theodore Roosevelt was the first U.S. President to have his life chronicled on film.
Vancouver, Canada was the first foreign visit by Bill Clinton when he became President. Since becoming President, Clinton has traveled more miles than Ronald Reagan and George Bush combined.
Excerpted from First/Only by Nedson W. Campbell. Copyright © 2013 Nedson W. Campbell. Excerpted by permission of iUniverse LLC.
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