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nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Hillary Rodham Clinton has fascinated the nation since she became First Lady in 1992. In The First Partner, acclaimed biographer Joyce Milton goes beyond the headlines and offers real insight into Clinton's character, her values, and her career.
nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Milton offrs new perspectives on the firestorms that have raged about Clinton, from the health-care fiasco to Whitewater to the Lewinsiky scandal. She also examines Clinton's attempts to reconcile a host of contradictionsfeminist convictions in painful collision with family commitment; philosophical beliefs in conflict with political reality; the precarious balance between professional ambition, public image, and private life. Lively and evenhanded, this definitive biography is a revealing portrait of one of the most enigmatic women in politics.
About the Author
Joyce Milton is the author of Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin and several other books. She is also the coauthor of The Rosenberg File. She lives in Brooklyn, New York.
Read an Excerpt
The First Victim
When a woman with servants spends the weekend cleaning out her closets, it usually is not a good sign. And when Hillary Rodham Clinton told reporters that closet cleaning and hearing a good sermon at church had been the highlights of the past few days she was, by her standards, baring her soul. That Saturday, January 17, 1997, her husband had given a six-hour deposition to lawyers representing Paula Corbin Jones in her sexual harassment case.Although the Clintons did their best to put up a show of unconcern, anyone who knew William Jefferson Clinton realized that for him to testify under oath about his sexual history was a very bad idea indeed. How this no-win situation was allowed to come about ranks as the greatest mystery of the political partnership of Bill and Hillary Rodham Clinton, which had proved in so many other ways to be a resounding success.
Certainly, it didn't take a Yale-trained lawyer to recognize that there were other options. Even a young Pentagon employee named Monica Lewinsky, who would never be accused of being politically astute, recognized that the Jones case cried out for a settlement, regardless of its merits. In the months before Clinton's deposition was taken, Lewinsky and her Pentagon colleague Linda Tripp thrashed out scenarios that would lead to an out-of-court resolution, thus solving both the President's problem and theirs. As Lewinsky saw it, the imperative was clear. "The American people elected him," she reminded Tripp, "so let him do his stupid job. You know?"
One "game plan" laid out by Lewinsky assigned a key role to Hillary Rodham Clinton: The First Lady would go on the Larry King show, havinglet it be known that she was prepared to take a question about the Jones case. When asked, Hillary "would respond emotionally. It's hard to see something we don't see from her often," Lewinsky mused. Hillary would then say, "The country is being robbed of its time that the President spends on other issues. They wish it would simply be settled. It's been hard on our family. I would like nothing more than for this to be a non-issue in our lives and in the lives of the American people."
His wife having cleared the way, Bill Clinton could appear the next morning with press spokesman Mike McCurry at his side and make a brief announcement, saying that for the sake of his family and the country he had decided to give Paula Jones the apology she was demanding and settle the lawsuit. It would be "sort of a gallant statement, Monica thought, and given Bill Clinton's high poll ratings, "a two week story," maybe "a three week story" at most.
This was not, however, the scenario the Clintons chose to follow. The Jones deposition might be a minefield, salted with booby traps, but they had negotiated treacherous territory before and survived. Several women who had indicated that they might be prepared to cooperate with Paula Jones's attorneys had already reneged. Notably, Kathleen Willey, an attractive widow appointed by the President to the United Service Organization's Board of Governors, and her friend Julie Steele had backed off from a story earlier reported in Newsweek that the President had fondled Willey and placed her hand on his genitals when she visited the Oval Office one day in November 1993 to ask him for a job.
There were still a few witnesses who might pose problems for Bill Clinton, among them Linda Tripp, who had told Newsweek reporter Mike Isikoff that she saw Willey emerge from the Oval Office that day, disheveled and apparently "joyful" over being the object of thePresident's advances. Like numerous other female career employees in the West Wing of the White House, Tripp resented the way jobs had been doled out to women who caught the President's eye, and she was furious that Willey, who hadn't been too proud to take the appointment offered her, would be presented to the world as a victim. From Tripp's point of view, her statement to Isikoff had not only been the truth, it happened to defend Bill Clinton against the charge that he was a sexual harasser.
This, of course, was not the way the President's advisors saw it, and as the Jones deposition approached, Tripp had become the object of unusual attention from the White House. Not only had she been summoned to a meeting with presidential aide Bruce Lindsey, but by November 1997, Norma Asnes, a wealthy Democratic contributor and friend of Hillary Rodham Clinton, had begun to take a friendly interest in her. Asnes had invited Tripp to join a party she was getting together for a cruise on a chartered boat the following summer, and she talked of helping her find a better job outside of the government. It seems strange that a wealthy, well-connected woman like Norma Asnes would befriend a midlevel civil servant like Linda Tripp, who distinctly was not the social butterfly type. Tripp thought so too, and when she raised the question with Asnes, her new friend told her, "I like to be mentally stimulated. I like to enjoy the people I'm with. I like them to be articulate, bright, and mentally stimulating. They don't have to be at my level. It doesn't matter if they're not millionaires."
Far from finding this reassuring, Tripp was insulted. "So I'm one of the plebeians," she told Lewinsky, and was more wary of Asnes's offers than ever. "I hate to sound like a skeptic. But--why? I mean, we don't know each other that well."
Whatever was going on here, Linda Tripp stubbornly refused to be charmed. But in the fall of 1997, she could hardly be considered a serious threat to the President's defense. After all, she hadn't actually witnessed anything, and the White House was unaware of her friendship with Monica Lewinsky. The first hint that Paula Jones's attorneys might have a few surprises in store for the President came a week before Christmas when Lewinsky, an ex-White House intern, told the President's friend Vernon Jordan that she, too, had been subpoenaed. Worse news yet, unlike some plain vanilla subpoenas served on other women connected with the case, Monica's summons specifically mentioned certain gifts she had received from Bill Clinton, including a brooch, a hat pin and a book. This was an obvious signal that the Jones lawyers had inside information about Clinton's relationship with Lewinsky, and if ever there was a time to panic, this was it. But the President still wasn't ready to tell his attorney Bob Bennett that the time had come to settle the case. By January 17, 1998, the day of the deposition, Lewinsky had signed an affidavit denying that she'd had sexual relations with the President, and the gifts in question had been returned to Clinton's private secretary, Betty Currie. Even if Lewinsky told the Jones lawyers a different story, it would seem that she was now a tainted witness, with nothing to back up any charges she might make.
After the deposition, Bill and Hillary had planned to show the world a united front by going out to dinner at a Washington restaurant. But the day proved to be a lot tougher than the President had expected. The questions the Jones attorneys asked left no doubt that they not only knew about the gifts the President had given Lewinsky, they knew that Lewinsky -- referred to for the purposes of the lawsuit as 'Jane Doe #6" -- had visited the White House more than three dozen times after her transfer to a job at the Pentagon, ostensibly to see Betty Currie, and they knew that United Nations Ambassador Bill Richardson had offered her a job in New York.
The Clintons did not dine out on Saturday evening. And by the time they retired for the night, there was more bad news. The Drudge Report, the Internet gossip sheet loathed but avidly followed at the White House, was reporting that Newsweekhad the intern story but had decided to spike it just minutes before its deadline. Drudge did not disclose Lewinksy's name, but he mentioned the existence of tapes of "intimate phone conversations." This can only have sent a shudder through Clinton, who'd had phone sex with Lewinsky on several occasions.
But what about Hillary Rodham Clinton? Had she known about Monica Lewinsky?The President's dalliance was not exactly unknown inside the walls of the White House. Members of the Secret Service had recognized Lewinsky as the President's mistress and took bets on the timing of her visits to the Oval Office, and Hillary's own deputy chief of staff; Evelyn Lieberman, had been worried enough about Lewinsky's knack for getting close to Bill Clinton to have her transferred from the White House to the Pentagon. Lewinsky, devastated that Clinton had "changed the rules" of their relationship, believed his promise that he would find her another White House job after the 1996 elections, but Linda Tripp heard from a friend who worked for the National Security Council that Lewinsky was persona non grata at the White House and would never be allowed to come back.
Still, it is possible that Hillary was unaware of all this at the time. Monica Lewinsky was by no means the only woman whose relationship with the President had been the subject of gossip, and her youth and obvious crush on Bill Clinton made her easier to dismiss than most. Just as a woman married to a compulsive gambler isn't necessarily interested in knowing the names of the horses he's lost money on, Hillary knew her husband's weaknesses too well to take an avid interest in the details. Indeed, her loyal staff made an effort to shield her from rumors.As Hillary would tell it, the first she heard of the Monica Lewinsky situation was on Wednesday morning, January 21, the day the story broke in The Washington Post, when her husband woke her from a sound sleep and told her, "You're not going to believe this, but -- I want to tell you what's in the newspapers." Washington insiders had been following Matt Drudge's bulletins on the breaking story for four days, but to Hillary "this came as a very big surprise."
Copyright ) 1999 by Joyce Milton
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
I have read many negative reviews about this book but I wonder if people arn't offended by the truth. Many times we only see the progress of the Clintons because thats all the press shows. This gave a further insight into Hillary and the struggles which would face any woman who attempted to run for public office. Though I learned some new information about Hillary, I felt that Milton focused mostly on Bill, and none which was new info.