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Bedford/St. Martin's
First Peoples: A Documentary Survey of American Indian History / Edition 3

First Peoples: A Documentary Survey of American Indian History / Edition 3

by Colin G. Calloway
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  • Overview

    Expertly authored by Colin G. Calloway, First Peoples has been praised for its inclusion of Native American sources and Calloway’s concerted effort to weave Native perspectives throughout the narrative. Emphasizing the importance of primary sources, each chapter includes a document project and picture essay organized around important themes in the chapter. This distinctive approach continues to make First Peoples the bestselling and most highly acclaimed text for the American Indian history survey.

    Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2900312453731
    Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
    Publication date: 11/07/2007
    Edition description: Third Edition
    Pages: 672
    Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

    About the Author

    Colin G. Calloway is the John Kimball Jr. 1943 Professor of History and Professor of Native American Studies at Dartmouth College. He served for two years as associate director of and editor at the D’Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian at the Newberry Library in Chicago and taught for seven years at the University of Wyoming. Professor Calloway has written many books on Native American history, including The Scratch of a Pen: 1763 and The Transformation of North America (2006); One Vast Winter Count: The Native American West Before Lewis and Clark (2003); and two books for the Bedford Series in History and Culture: Our Hearts Fell to the Ground: Plains Indians Views of How the West Was Lost (1996), and The World Turned Upside Down: Indian Voices from Early America (1994).

    Table of Contents

    Maps, Tables, and Charts

    Perspectives on the Past
    America’s Master Narrative
    Indian History: A Shared Past
    Working with Sources
    A Note on Name Usage and Geographic Focus


    Determining What Came Before
      Precontact Population
      Creation Stories and Migration Theories
      Debates over Native Origins
    Glimpses of Precontact Societies
      West Coast Affluence
      Columbia Plateau Fishers
      Great Basin Foragers
      First Buffalo Hunters of the Plains
      First Farmers of the Southwest
      Farmers and Mound Builders of the Eastern Woodlands
      Emerging Tribes and Confederacies
    Seaborne Strangers
      The Prophesied Arrival
    A Navajo Emergence Story
      HASTIN TLO’TSI HEE, The Beginning
    Corn and Game: Women and Men in Cherokee Society
       Kana'ti and Selu
    The Iroquois Great League of Peace
      CHIEFS OF THE SIX NATIONS, The Laws of the Confederacy (1900)
    PICTURE ESSAY: Early American Towns and Cities
      The Ruins of Pueblo Bonito
      Cliff Palace at Mesa Verde
      Taos Pueblo
      Cahokia Mounds, c. A.D. 1150–1200
      JOHN WHITE, Indian Village of Secoton (1585)
    Suggested Readings
    First Contacts and Mutual Appraisals
      Native America through the European Lens
      Enduring Images
    Columbian Exchanges
      Changing New World Landscapes
      Biological Catastrophes
    Indians Confront the Spanish
      A Mission for Gold and God
      Conquest of the Aztecs
      Searching for Other Empires
      North American Attempts to Colonize and Christianize
      The Pueblo War of Independence
    Indians Confront the French
      Commerce and Conflict
      Pelts and Priests
    Indians Confront the English
      Securing a Beachhead in Virginia 
      Making a New England
      King Philip’s War
    A Narrative of the de Soto Invasion

      RODRIGO RANGEL AND GONZALO FERNÁNDEZ DE OVIEDO, Account of the Northern Conquest and Discovery of Hernando de Soto (c. 1546)
    An Indian Explanation of the Pueblo Revolt
      Declaration of the Indian Juan (1681)
    Jesuits and Hurons in New France
      JEAN DE BRÉBEUF, The Mission to the Hurons (1635–37)
    A Mi'kmaq Questions French “Civilization”
      CHRESTIEN LECLERQ, A Mi'kmaq Responds to the French (1677)
    Metacomet Explains the Causes of “King Philip’s War”
      JOHN EASTON, A Relacion of the Indyan Warre (1675)
    PICTURE ESSAY: Indian Depictions of the Invaders
      A Tlaxcalan Depiction of Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán’s Conquest of Northwestern Mexico, c. 1530
    Spaniards on Horseback
      George Washington Covenant Wampum Belt, c. 1790
      Haidi Carving of a Missionary, c. 1877
      Haidi Argillite Figure Group, c. 1850
      JONATHAN WARM DAY, The Last Supper (1991)
    Suggested Readings

    Economic and Cultural Exchanges

      Indians in Colonial Societies
      Colonists in Indian Societies
    Fur Trades and Slave Trades
      The Impact of the Fur Trade 
      The Cost of the Fur Trade
      Indian Slavery
    Diplomacy in Colonial America
      The Language and Lessons of Diplomacy
      Attempts at Diplomatic Balance
    Wars for America
      A World Transformed by War
      The French and English War
      Division within Tribal Communities
      Captives Taken, Captives Returned
    Responses to Change in the West: Indian Power on the Plains
      Horses Transform the Plains
      Jostling for Position on the Plains
      At the Confluence of Guns and Horses
      European Competitors on the Southern Plains
    The Treaty of Lancaster

      CANASATEGO, Speeches at the Treaty of Lancaster (1744)
    The Abenakis Defy the English
      ATEAWANETO, Speech Resisting Colonial Expansion (1752)
    A Captive with the Senecas
    MARY JEMISON (DICKEWAMIS), A Narrative of Her Life (1824)
    War and Diplomacy in the Southwest
      DON TOMÁS VÉLEZ CACHUPÍN, Instructions of Don Tomás Vélez Cachupín (1754)
    PICTURE ESSAY: Atlantic Travelers: Indians in Eighteenth-Century London
      JOHN VERELST, Tee Yee Neen Ho Ga Row (Hendrick, “Emperor of the Six Nations”) (c. 1710)
      ISAAC BASIRE, Seven Cherokees (1730)
      WILLIAM VERELST, The Common Council of Georgia Receiving the Indian Chiefs (1734–35)
      FRANCIS PARSONS, Cunne Shote (1762)
      JONATHAN SPILSBURY, after Mason Chamberlin, The Reverend Mr. Samson Occom (1768)
    Suggested Readings

    Worlds Turned Upside Down

      Pontiac’s War: Indians Confront New Empires
      Attempting to Draw a Line
    Indians and the American Revolution
      Indian Loyalties Divided
      Treaties of Peace and Conquest
    Indians Confront an Expanding Nation
      The United States Develops an Indian — and a Land — Policy
      Indians Build a United Defense
    Upheavals in the West
      Colliding Empires on the Southern Plains
      California Missions
      The Pacific Northwest Pelt Rush
      Smallpox Used Them Up
    The Revolution Comes to the Cherokees
      HENRY STUART, Report from Cherokee Country (1776)
    Memories of War and Smallpox
      SAUKAMAPPEE, “We knew nothing until it brought death among us” (1787–88)
    An Indian Solution to the Conflict over Indian Lands
      WESTERN INDIANS, Message to the Commissioners of the United States (1793)
    PICTURE ESSAY: Northwest Coast Indians on the Brink: The Drawings of John Webber
      JOHN WEBBER, A View in Ship Cove, Nootka Sound (1778)
      JOHN WEBBER, Interior of Habitation at Nootka Sound (1778)
      JOHN WEBBER, A Woman of Nootka Sound (1778)
      JOHN WEBBER, A Man of Nootka Sound (1778)
      JOHN WEBBER, A Woman of Prince William’s Island (1778)
      JOHN WEBBER, A Man of Oonalashka (1778)
    Suggested Readings
    Accommodating and Resisting Change

      Adapting to New Ways
      The Last Phases of United Indian Resistance
    Lewis and Clark in Indian Country
      Encounters on the Missouri
      Over the Mountains and Back
    Indian Removals
      Roots of the Removal Policy
      The Cherokee Resistance
      Implementing Removal in the South
      Removal in the North
      Surviving behind the Frontier
    A Double Homicide at Two Medicine
      MERIWETHER LEWIS, An Account of His Fight with the Blackfeet (1806)
    Cherokee Women Oppose Land Sales and Removals
      CHEROKEE WOMEN, Petition (May 2, 1817) and Petition (June 30, 1818)
    Foundations of Federal Indian Law and a Native Response
      JOHN MARSHALL, Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia (1831) and Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
      JOHN ROSS, Reactions to Worcester v. Georgia: Letter to Richard Taylor, John Baldridge, Sleeping Rabbit, Sicketowee, and Wahachee (April 28, 1832)
    Race, Class, and History in Nineteenth-Century New England
      WILLIAM APESS, An Indian’s Looking Glass for the White Man (1833)
    PICTURE ESSAY: Indian Life on the Upper Missouri: A Catlin/Bodmer Portfolio
      KARL BODMER, The Interior of the Hut of a Mandan Chief
      Diagram of the Interior of an Earth Lodge
      GEORGE CATLIN, Mint, a Pretty Girl
      KARL BODMER, Pehriska-Ruhpa, Moennitarri Warrior, in the Costume of the Dog Danse
      GEORGE CATLIN, Pigeon’s Egg Head (The Light) Going to and Returning from Washington
    Suggested Readings

    Invaders from the East: Incursions before the American Civil War

      The Ravages of Disease
      Ethnic Cleansing in Texas, c. 1836–48
      American Empire Reaches the Pacific, 1846–56
      Opening Clashes on the Plains, 1851–56
    Wars and Treaties, 1861–74
      Indian Experiences during the American Civil War
      Final Treaties and Ongoing Conflicts, 1866–74
    Land Seizure and Removal to Reservations
      Battles for Sacred Lands and Homelands, 1875–78
      The End of Apache Resistance
    Different Strategies for Survival
      Indian Scouts and Allies
      Return of the Prophets
    Sixty Years of Kiowa History
      The Dohasan Calendar (1832–92)
    Protection and Exploitation in the State of California
      An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians (April 22, 1850)
    The Treaty of Fort Laramie and the Struggle for the Black Hills
      IRON SHELL, Brulé Sioux, “We want you to take away the forts from the country.” (April 28, 1868)
      ONE HORN, Miniconjou, “This is our land, and yet you blame us for fighting for it.” (May 27, 1868)
      Treaty with the Sioux — Brulé, Oglala, Miniconjou, Yanktonai, Hunkpapa, Blackfeet, Cuthead, Two Kettle, Sans Arcs, and Santee — and Arapaho (1868)
    Chief Joseph’s Plea for Freedom
      CHIEF JOSEPH, An Indian’s View of Indian Affairs (1879)
    PICTURE ESSAY: The Battle of the Little Bighorn in Myth and History
      WILLIAM CAREY, The Death Struggle of General Custer (1876)
      Custer’s Last Stand (1904)
      They Died with Their Boots On (1941)
      Little Big Man (1970)
      Lakotas Fighting Custer’s Command
      Custer’s Dead Cavalry
    Suggested Readings
    Americanizing the American Indian
      Policies of Detribalization
      Resistance Takes New Forms
      The Dawes Allotment Act (1887)
      Indian Territory Becomes Oklahoma
    The Educational Assault on Indian Children
      Removing Children from the Tribe
      Life in the Schools
      Surviving the Schools, Using the Education
      The Two Worlds of Ohiyesa and Charles Eastman
    Native Americans Enter the Twentieth Century
      “I Still Live”: Indians in American Society
      Cultural Expression and the American Way
      A New Generation of Leaders
      Soldiers and Citizens
      Indian Affairs on the Eve of the Great Depression
    Dismantling Tribes and Their Homelands
      MERRILL E. GATES, From the Seventeenth Annual Report of the Board of Indian Commissioners (1885)
    An Indian View of the Indian Bureau
      CARLOS MONTEZUMA, What Indians Must Do (1914)
    Sioux School Experiences
      LUTHER STANDING BEAR, What a School Could Have Been Established (1933)
      ZITKALA-ŠA, The Melancholy of Those Black Days (1921)
    PICTURE ESSAY: The Fort Marion Artists
      HOWLING WOLF, Cheyenne Warrior Striking an Enemy
      Courtship Scene
      PAUL CARYL ZOTOM, On the Parapet of Ft. Marion Next Day after Arrival (c. 1875)
      Distribution of Goods
      CHIEF KILLER, Education of the Fort Marion Prisoners (1875–78)
      WOHAW, Self-Portrait, c. 1876–77
    Suggested Readings

    A New Era in Indian Affairs?
      John Collier and the Indian New Deal
      The Indian Reorganization Act
      Opposing and Disputing the IRA
      Indians and World War II
      The Indian Claims Commission
      Removing the Government’s Trust Responsibilities
      Relocation and Urban Indians
      Drowning Homelands
    A Younger Generation Responds
      Upheaval in America
      The Rise of Indian Militancy
    Two Views of the Indian Reorganization Act
      JOHN COLLIER, An “Indian Renaissance,” from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs (1935)
      ROBERT BURNETTE AND JOHN KOSTER, A Blueprint for Elected Tyranny (1974)
    Indians in the Cities
      ANONYMOUS, Life in the City: Chicago (c. 1970)
      IGNATIA BROKER, Brought to a Brotherhood (1983)
    Documents of Indian Militancy
      CLYDE WARRIOR, “We Are Not Free”: From Testimony before the President’s National Advisory Commission on Rural Poverty (1967)
      INDIANS OF ALL TRIBES, Proclamation to the Great White Father and to All His People (1969)
    PICTURE ESSAY: Indians and World War II
      Banning the Swastika
      Iroquois Declare War on the Axis Powers on the Steps of the U.S. Capitol
      Indian Women in the Marine Corps Reserve
      Navajo Code Talkers
      Flag Raising at Iwo Jima
      QUINCY TAHOMA, First Furlough (1943)
    Suggested Readings
    New Policies, New Militancy

      The American Indian Movement
      Siege at Wounded Knee
      Legacies of Wounded Knee
    From Paternalism to Partnership
      Protecting Women’s Reproductive Rights
      Regaining Rights: Child Welfare and Religious Freedom
    Taking Back Education and Bringing Home Ancestors
      Indian Education for Indian Students
    The Struggle for Natural Resources
      Coal, Uranium, and Oil
      Fighting For and Against Water
    Sovereignty Goes to Court
      Victories for Tribal Rights
      Chipping Away at Tribal Sovereignty
    A Woman’s View from Wounded Knee

      MARY CROW DOG, I Would Have My Baby at Wounded Knee (1991)
    The Supreme Court and Tribal Sovereignty
      SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES, Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe (1978)
    Tribal Colleges: Indian Education for Indian People
      THE CARNEGIE FOUNDATION, From Tribal Colleges: Shaping the Future of Native America (1989)
    Indian Leadership at the End of the Twentieth Century
      VINE DELORIA, JR., The Popularity of Being Indian: A New Trend in Contemporary American Society (1984)
      WILMA MANKILLER, Returning the Balance (1993)
    PICTURE ESSAY: Indian Artists Depict Modern Indian Life
      MARCUS AMERMAN, The Gathering (1997)
      T. C. CANNON, Collector #5, or Man in Wicker Chair (c. 1975)
      HARRY FONSECA, Coyote Woman in the City (1979)
      DAVID BRADLEY, American Gothic, Ghost Dancers (2009)
      KAY WALKINGSTICK, You’re not an Indian, you weren’t born on the reservation (1993)
    Suggested Readings

    A Twenty-First-Century Renaissance

      The Census: An Evolving Profile of Indian America
      Who Is an Indian?
      “Recognized” and “Nonrecognized” Tribes
      Old Stereotypes and New Images
    A New Era in Washington?
      Changes at the BIA
      A New Museum
      A New Embassy and a New “White Father”
    Self-Rule and Self-Help
      Nations, Not Minorities
      Triple Citizens
    Homelands or Wastelands
      Nuclear Waste in Indian Country
      The Earth Hurts
    Building Prosperity in Indian Country
      Economic Success through Sovereignty
      Gaming: A Devil’s Bargain?
    Building Well Nations
      Confronting Drugs and Alcohol
      Balancing Ways of Healing
      Preserving Language and Culture
    Playing Indian and Fighting Mascots
      TIM GIAGO, Mascots, Spirituality, and Insensitivity (1991)
      S. L. PRICE, The Indian Wars (2002)
    Justice in Indian Country
      CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERT YAZZIE, Life Comes from It: Navajo Justice (1994)
      N. BRUCE DUTHU, Broken Justice in Indian Country (2008)
    U.S.–Indian Relations on a World Stage
      GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (September 13, 2007)
    PICTURE ESSAY: Tribal Sovereignty in Action
      Pawnee Nation Flag
      Tribal Police
      Navajo Supreme Court
      Cheyenne Arapaho License Plate
      Iroquois Passport
      Language Preservation – Phraselator
    Suggested Readings

    Appendix I. General Reference Works
    Appendix II. Film Resources

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