First Philosophy: Knowing and Being: Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy / Edition 2

First Philosophy: Knowing and Being: Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy / Edition 2

Pub. Date:
Broadview Press


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First Philosophy: Knowing and Being: Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy / Edition 2

First Philosophy: Knowing and Being brings together over thirty classic and contemporary readings in epistemology and metaphysics. Mindful of the intrinsic difficulty of the material, the editors provide comprehensive introductions both to each topic and to each individual selection. By presenting a detailed discussion of the historical and intellectual background to each piece, the editors enable readers to approach the material without unnecessary barriers to understanding. A brief introduction to arguments is included, as are appendices on terminology and philosophical puzzles and paradoxes.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781554811816
Publisher: Broadview Press
Publication date: 06/17/2013
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 560
Sales rank: 358,013
Product dimensions: 3.50(w) x 3.80(h) x 0.30(d)

About the Author

Andrew Bailey is Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Guelph.

Robert M. Martin is Professor of Philosophy (retired), Dalhousie University.

Table of Contents

How to Use This Book
Suggestions for Abridgement

Chapter 1: Philosophy

  1. What Is Philosophy?
  2. A Brief Introduction to Arguments
  3. Introductory Tips on Reading and Writing Philosophy

Chapter 2: Epistemology—Is the External World the Way It Appears to Be?

Introduction to the Question
René Descartes

  • Meditations on First Philosophy

John Locke

  • from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

George Berkeley

  • Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous, First Dialogue

Immanuel Kant

  • Critique of Pure Reason, Introduction

Bertrand Russell

  • The Problems of Philosophy, Chapters 1–3

Edmund L. Gettier

  • “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?”

Lorraine Code

  • “Is the Sex of the Knower Epistemologically Significant?”

Chapter 3: Philosophy of Science—When, if Ever, Are Scientific Inferences Justified?

Introduction to the Question

David Hume

  • from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Sections IV and V

Carl Hempel

  • from “Scientific Inquiry: Invention and Test”

Karl Popper

  • “Science: Conjectures and Refutations”

Thomas Kuhn

  • “Objectivity, Value Judgment, and Theory Choice”

Helen Longino

  • “Can There Be a Feminist Science?”

Chapter 4: Philosophy of Religion—Does God Exist?

Introduction to the Question

St. Anselm of Canterbury

  • Proslogion, Preface and Chapters 2–5
    Pro Insipiente (“On Behalf of the Fool”), by Gaunilo of Marmoutiers
    Anselm’s Reply to Gaunilo

St. Thomas Aquinas

  • Summa Theologiae, Part I, Question 2, The Existence of God (In Three Articles)

David Hume

  • from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Gottfried Leibniz

  • Theodicy: Abridgement of the Argument Reduced to Syllogistic Form

J.L. Mackie

  • “Evil and Omnipotence”

William James

  • “The Will to Believe”

Chapter 5: Philosophy of Mind—What Is the Place of Mind in the Physical World?

Introduction to the Question

Gilbert Ryle

  • The Concept of Mind, Chapter 1: “Descartes’s Myth”

Hilary Putnam

  • “The Nature of Mental States”

John R. Searle

  • “Minds, Brains and Programs”

Thomas Nagel

  • “What Is It Like to Be a Bat?”

Frank Jackson

  • from “Epiphenomenal Qualia”
    from “What Mary Didn’t Know”

David Chalmers

  • “The Puzzle of Conscious Experience”

Chapter 6: Freedom and Determinism—Do We Have Free Will?

Introduction to the Question

Paul Rée

  • The Illusion of Free Will, Chapters 1 and 2

C.A. Campbell

  • On Selfhood and Godhood, Lecture IX, “Has the Self Free Will?”

A.J. Ayer

  • “Freedom and Necessity”

Bernard Williams and Thomas Nagel

  • “Moral Luck”

Appendix 1: Philosophical Puzzles and Paradoxes

Appendix 2: Philosophical Lexicon

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Sources for Quotations

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