This book results from a two-day symposium and three-day workshop held in Cambridge between March 22nd and March 26th 1982 and sponsored by the Primate Society of Great Britain and the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. More than 100 primatologists attended the symposium and some 35 were invited to participate in the workshop. Speakers from Prance, Germany, the Netherlands, South Africa and the U. S. A. , as weIl as the U. K. , were invited to contribute. In recent years feeling had strengthened that primatologists in Europe did not gather together sufficiently often. Distinctive tradit ions in primatology have developed in Germany, France, the Netherlands, Italy and the U. K. in particular, and it was feIt that attempts to blend them could only benefit primatology. Furthermore, studies of primate ecology, behaviour, anatomy, physiology and evolution have reached the points where further advances depend on inter-disciplinary collaboration. It was resolved to arrange a regular series of round table discussions on primate biology in Europe at the biennial meeting of the German Society for Anthropology and Human Genetics in Heidel berg in September 1979, where Holger Preuschoft organised sessions on primate ecology and anatomy. In June 1980 Michel Sakka convened a most effective working group in Paris to discuss cranial morphology and evolution. In 1982 it was the turn of the U. K.
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1984|
|Product dimensions:||7.01(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.05(d)|
Table of ContentsSection I Ecological Diversity and Food Acquisition.- 1 Primates: Their Niche Structure and Habitats.- 2 Environmental Grain, Niche Diversification and Feeding Behaviour in Primates.- 3 Body Size, Brain Size and Feeding Strategies.- 4 Primate Locomotion and Diet.- 5 Habitat Richness, Foraging Range and Diet in Chimpanzees and Some Other Primates.- 6 The Adaptive Capacities of the Hanuman Langur and the Categorizing of Diet.- 7 Subcategorizing Foods in Primates.- 8 Food Acquisition and Processing as a Function of Plant Chemistry.- Section II Food Processing in Living Primates.- 9 Diet and Gut Morphology in Primates.- 10 Comparative Functional Morphology of Maximum Mandibular Opening (Gape) in Primates.- 11 Functional Aspects of Primate Jaw Morphology.- 12 Chewing It Over: Basic Principles of Food Breakdown.- 13 Tooth Morphology and Dietary Specialization.- 14 Predictions of Primate Diets From Molar Wear Patterns.- 15 The Microstructure of Primate Dental Enamel.- 16 Stress-Strength Relationships in the Mandibles of Hominoids.- 17 A Theoretical Approach to Solve the Chin Problem.- 18 Mechanical Stresses at the Primate Skull Base Caused by the Temporomandibular Joint Force.- 19 Cranial Morphology and Masticatory Adaptations.- Section III Evolutionary Perspectives on Feeding.- 20 An Evolutionary Model for Feeding and Positional Behaviour.- 21 Anatomy and Behaviour of Extinct Primates.- 22 Food Acquisition and the Evolution of Positional Behaviour: The Case of Bipedalism.- 23 Deciduous Molar Microwear of South African Australopithecines.- 24 Interpreting the Dental Peculiarities of the ‘Robust’ Australopithecines.- 25 Food Acquisition and Processing in Primates: Concluding Discussion.- Appendix Regression Lines, Size and Allometry.- List of Contributors.