Forging Southeastern Identities: Social Archaeology, Ethnohistory, and Folklore of the Mississippian to Early Historic South

Forging Southeastern Identities: Social Archaeology, Ethnohistory, and Folklore of the Mississippian to Early Historic South

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Forging Southeastern Identities: Social Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the Mississippian to Early Historic South, a groundbreaking collection of ten essays, covers a broad expanse of time—from the ninth to the nineteenth centuries—and focuses on a common theme of identity. These essays represent the various methods used by esteemed scholars today to study how Native Americans in the distant past created new social identities when old ideas of the self were challenged by changes in circumstance or by historical contingencies.
Archaeologists, anthropologists, and folklorists working in the Southeast have always recognized the region’s social diversity; indeed, the central purpose of these disciplines is to study peoples overlooked by the mainstream. Yet the ability to define and trace the origins of a collective social identity—the means by which individuals or groups align themselves, always in contrast to others—has proven to be an elusive goal. Here, editors Gregory A. Waselkov and Marvin T. Smith champion the relational identification and categorical identification processes, taken from sociological theory, as effective analytical tools.
Taking up the challenge, the contributors have deployed an eclectic range of approaches to establish and inform an overarching theme of identity. Some investigate shell gorgets, textiles, shell trade, infrastructure, specific sites, or plant usage. Others focus on the edges of the Mississippian world or examine colonial encounters between Europeans and native peoples. A final chapter considers the adaptive malleability of historical legend in the telling and hearing of slave narratives.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780817319410
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
Publication date: 03/31/2017
Edition description: First Edition
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Gregory A. Waselkov is the author of Old Mobile Archaeology and the award-winning A Conquering Spirit: Fort Mims and the Redstick War of 1813-1814. He is a coauthor of Archéologie de l’Amérique coloniale française, which won Le Prix Lionel-Groulx. Waselkov serves as president of the Southeastern Archaeological Conference and was the former editor of the journal Southeastern Archaeology. He is a professor of anthropology and director of the Center for Archaeological Studies at the University of South Alabama.
Marvin T. Smith is the author of more than seventy scholarly publications, including The Archaeology of Aboriginal Culture Change in the Interior Southeast: Depopulation during the Early Historic Period and Coosa: The Rise and Fall of a Southeastern Mississippian Chiefdom. He is a professor of anthropology at Valdosta State University in Georgia.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Preface xiii

Introduction: Forging Southeastern Identities Gregory A. Waselkov Marvin T. Smith xvii

1 Shell Gorgets, Hybridity, and Identity Creation in the Hightower Region Adam King Johann A. Sawyer 1

2 The Fabric of Power: Textiles in Mississippian Politics and Ritual Penelope B. Drooker 16

3 Revitalization Movements in the Prehistoric Southeast? An Example from the Irene Site Rebecca Saunders 41

4 Navigating the Mississippian World: Infrastructure in the Sixteenth-Century Native South Robbie Ethridge 62

5 Marine Shell Trade in the Post-Mississippian Southeast Marvin T. Smith 85

6 Joara, Cuenca, and Fort San Juan: The Construction of Colonial Identities at the Berry Site David G. Moore Christopher B. Rodning Robin A. Beck 99

7 What's in a Phase? Disentangling Communities of Practice from Communities of identity in Southeastern North America John E. Worth 117

8 Plant Use at a Mississippian and Contact-Period Site in the South Carolina Coastal Plain Kandace D. Hollenbach 157

9 The Grand Village of the Natchez Indians Was Indeed Grand": A Reconsideration of the Fatherland Site Landscape Ian W. Brown Vincas P. Steponaitis 182

10 Nuances of Memory: Historical Legend vs. Legendary History George E. Lankford 205

References Cited 221

Contributors 267

Index 269

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