Anger, hatred, resentment, grudges when the products of conflict smolder for years, decades, or centuries, the idea of peace may seem elusive and unrealistic. At the same time, people and societies need to move beyond these negative traumatic effects so they can heal. Forgiveness and Reconciliation explores in depth two different yet essential components of this peace-building process. Unlike most books on the subject, which tend to focus on the individual's development of forgiveness from a single perspective, Forgiveness and Reconciliation reaches across the spectrum of approaches socio-psychological, biopsychological, therapeutic, developmental, and spiritual among them to offer examples of intervention at the individual, community, generational, and national levels. This inclusiveness (and a range of real-world illustrations from U.S. race relations to the Armenian genocide) gives readers access to not only the core issues of forgiveness and the dialogic nature of reconciliation, but also the intersecting psychological and social processes involved as they affect all participants in conflict. Highlights of the coverage: Reconciliation efforts in Rwanda, Darfur, India, and Pakistan. Restorative conferencing and its role in fostering forgiveness. Lessons in empathy and repentance from lifers in prison. Promoting reconciliation through arts and the media. The potential for forgiveness despite revisionism, denial, and continued injustice. Reconciliation in the divided society
About the Author
Dr. Anie Kalayjian is a professor of psychology at Fordham University. She is also President of the Association for Disaster and Mass Trauma Studies and the Armenian American Society for Studies on Stress and Genocide. Dr. Kalayjian has been involved at the United Nations for the past fifteen years, where she works with several departments focusing on human rights, women, and mental health.
Dr. Raymond F. Paloutzian received his doctoral degree from Claremont Graduate School and has been a professor of experimental and social psychology at Westmont College, Santa Barbara since 1981. He has been a visiting professor teaching psychology of religion at Stanford University and Guest Professor at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, and the Western Psychological Association, and has served as President of APA Division 36 (Psychology & Religion). He is currently the editor of The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion.
Table of Contents
- The Role of Forgiveness in Human Affiars: Integrative Themes.- An Integrative, Systemic Framework for Forgiveness and Reconciliation.- Forgiveness Ethics and the Views of Five World Religions.- The Bullet and the Disease: The Psychology of Meaning in Forgiveness-Nonforgiveness.- Mending Tears in the Social Fabric via Reconciliation and Forgiveness.- Changing Childhood Trauma into Forgiveness.- The Alternative of Dialogic Intelligence in Trauma Therapy.- Promoting Forgiveness Through Restorative Conferencing.- Forgiveness on a Deeper Leel: Healing Trans-Generational Trauma.- A Black Perspective on Interractial and Interethnic Forgiveness in the U.S.- The India-Pakistan Partition: Sequaelae of Unresolved Political Conflicts and their Resolution.- Forgiveness and Reconciliation in Unresolved Conflicts: The Case of Darfur.- The Meaning of Forgive when the Trauma Continues: A Case Study from Armenia.- Repentance and Forgiveness, Pillars of Genuine Reconciliation A View from Rwanda.- Forgiveness in Unresolved and Denied Mass Trauma.- An International Perspective: Teaching Forgiveness and Building Peace in Divided Societies.- Political Forgiveness and International Affairs.- Dialogue Processes at the Intergroup Level.- Forgiveness: An Idea Whose Time Has Come.