Forms of Government and the Rise of Democracy

Forms of Government and the Rise of Democracy

by Brian Duignan

Hardcover

$35.25

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781615306718
Publisher: Rosen Publishing Group, Incorporated, The
Publication date: 08/01/2012
Series: Governance: Power, Politics, and Participation Series
Pages: 160
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 15 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction x

Chapter 1 Primitive Government to the End of the Middle Ages 1

Primitive Government 1

Agricultural Society 2

The Spread of Civilization 4

Classical Greece 6

The Minoans 7

The City-State 7

Monarchy, Oligarchy Democracy 9

Rome 11

The Roman Republic 11

The Roman Empire 13

The Middle Ages 15

Dissolution and Instability 15

Feudalism 17

The Rise of Law and the Nation-State 18

Chapter 2 Early Modern Government to the End of the 19th Century 21

The Rise and Fall of Absolute Monarchy 21

Representation and Constitutional Monarchy 25

Whigs and Tories 28

The American and French Revolutions 30

Nationalism and Imperialism 34

Chapter 3 Government in the 20th and 21st Centuries 36

Communism and Fascism 37

Leninism 37

Liberal Democracy 41

Chapter 4 Nondemocratic Forms of Government 44

Monarchy 44

Functions of Monarchies 44

Premodern Monarchies 46

Monarchy in the Modern Era 49

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen 50

Aristocracy, Oligarchy, and Dictatorship 55

Aristocracy 55

Oligarchy 58

Dictatorship 59

Totalitarianism 63

Chapter 5 Prehistoric Democracy to the Italian Republics 66

Fundamental Problems of Democracy 66

Prehistoric Forms of Democracy 69

Classical Greece 71

The Roman Republic 73

The Roman Senate 75

The Italian Republics from the 12th Century to the Renaissance 75

"Constitutional Oligarchies" 76

A Democratic Dilemma 77

Chapter 6 European and American Democracy to the End of the 19th Century 79

Continental Europe 79

England 80

The United States 82

The Constitutional Convention 84

Democracy or Republic? 86

Solving the Dilemma 90

New Answers to Old Questions 91

Suffrage 91

Factions and Parties 92

Majority Rule, Minority Rights, Majority Tyranny 94

Chapter 7 Democracy in the 20th and 21st Centuries 96

Failures of Nondemocratic Systems 96

Market Economies 97

Economic Well-Being 98

Political Culture 99

Contemporary Democratic Systems 99

Presidential and Parliamentary Systems 100

Unitary and Federal Systems 100

Proportional and Winner-Take-All Systems 101

Two-Party and Multiparty Systems 101

Majoritarian and Consensual Systems 102

Contemporary Challenges 102

Inequality of Resources 103

Immigration 103

Terrorism 104

The September II Attacks 105

International Systems 106

Chapter 8 The Theory of Democracy from Pericles to Rawls 108

Pericles 108

Aristotle 109

John Locke 111

The Legitimacy of Government 111

Answers to Fundamental Questions 114

Montesquieu 115

David Hume 116

Jean-Jacques Rousseau 117

John Stuart Mill 119

Utilitarianism 120

John Dewey 121

Jürgen Habermas 123

John Rawls 123

Chapter 9 The Value of Democracy 126

Ideal Democracy 126

Features of Ideal Democracy 127

Ideal and Representative Democracy 128

Freedom of Speech 128

Actual Democracies 130

Advantages of Democracy 132

Conclusion 134

Glossary 136

Bibliography 138

Index 140

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews