Fortschritte der Chemie organischer Naturstoffe / Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products

Fortschritte der Chemie organischer Naturstoffe / Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1987)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783709189085
Publisher: Springer Vienna
Publication date: 02/14/2012
Series: Fortschritte der Chemie organischer Naturstoffe Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products , #52
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1987
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

Naturally Occurring Perylenequinones.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Natural Perylenequinones in General.- 2.1. Perylene and Its Derivatives.- 2.2. Types of Perylenequinones Obtainable from Natural Sources. Occurrence.- 2.3. General Properties and Reactions of Natural Perylenequinones.- 2.4. Spectroscopic Properties.- 2.5. Chemical Reactions.- 2.6. Synthesis.- 3. Individual Natural Perylenequinones.- 3.1. 4,9-Dihydroxyperylene-3,10-quinone.- 3.2. Aspergillin.- 3.3. Elsinochromes.- 3.3.1. Occurrence and Formation.- 3.3.2. Isolation and Purification.- 3.3.3. Structure of Elsinochromes.- 3.4. Cercosporin.- 3.5. Phleichromes.- 3.6. Cladochromes.- 3.7. Pigments from Mutants of Cercospora kikuchii.- 3.8. Hypocrellin.- 3.9. The Aphins.- 3.9.1. The Protoaphins.- 3.9.2. The Xanthoaphins and the Chrysoaphins.- 3.9.3. The Erythroaphins ; Rhodoaphin.- 4. Stereochemistry.- 5. Tautomerism.- 6. Biosynthesis.- 7. Biological Activity.- 8. Partially Reduced Perylenequinones.- 8.1. Altertoxin I and Dihydroalterperylenol.- 8.2. Alterperylenol, Alteichin, and Altertoxin II.- 8.3. Stemphyltoxins I-IV.- 8.4. Stemphyperylenol and Altertoxin III.- Addendum.- References.- The Pigments of the Flexirubin-Type. A Novel Class of Natural Products.- I. Introduction.- II. Structure Elucidation of Flexirubin.- III. Isolation and Separation of Flexirubin-Type Pigments.- IV. General Comments on Structure Elucidation of Flexirubin-Type Pigments.- V. Spectroscopic Properties of Flexirubin-Type Pigments.- 1. Mass Spectra.- 2. Proton-NMR-Spectra.- 3. 13C-NMR-Spectra.- 4. Electronic Spectra.- VI. Synthetic Approaches to Flexirubin-Type Pigments.- VII. Biosynthesis of Flexirubin-Type Pigments.- VIII. Closing Remarks.- References.- Structure, Stability and Color Variation of Natural Anthocyanins.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Structure Determination.- 2.1 Mass Spectra of Anthocyanins.- 2.2 1-NMR Spectra.- 2.3 Structure Determination of Heavenly Blue Anthocyanin.- 2.4 Other Anthocyanins Acylated with Two or More Aromatic Acids.- 2.5 Anthocyanins Acylated with Aliphatic Dicarboxylic Acids.- 3. Stabilization Effect of Inorganic Salts.- 4. Self-Association.- 5. Co-Pigmentation.- 6. Intramolecular Sandwich Type Stacking.- 7. Metalloanthocyanins.- 7.1 Commelinin.- 7.2 Protocyanin.- References.- Carbazole Alkaloids.- I. Introduction.- A. Occurrence.- B. Detection of Carbazoles by Chromatographic Methods.- II. Methods of Structure Elucidation.- A. Physical Methods.- 1. 13C NMR Spectra.- B. Synthesis of Carbazoles.- 1. Palladium Promoted Cyclisation of Diphenylamine.- 2. Acid Catalysed Cyclisation of ?-Ketosulphoxide.- 3. In situ Vinyl Indole Synthesis of Carbazoles.- 4. Preparation by Application of the Nenitzescu Synthesis.- 5. Thermal Cyclisation.- 6. Free Radical Cyclisation of Diphenylamine to Carbazole.- 7. Intramolecular Diels-Aider Cycloaddition of Vinylketenimines.- 8. Diels-Alder Reaction of Indole-2,3-quinodimethane.- 9. Synthesis of Carbazoles via 2-Vinylindoles.- 10. Synthesis of Pyranocarbazole Alkaloids of the C18-Carbon Skeleton Group.- III. Biogenesis of Carbazole Alkaloids.- IV. Biological Properties of Carbazole Alkaloids and Related Compounds.- V. Chemistry of Carbazole Alkaloids.- A. Members of the C13-Skeleton Group.- 1. Mukonal.- 2. 2-Methoxy-3-methylcarbazole.- 3. Mukoline and Mukolidine.- 4. 2-Hydroxy-3-methylcarbazole.- 5. Glycozolinol.- 6. Glycozolidol.- 7. Glycozolidal.- 8. Lansine.- 9. Koenoline.- 10. Murrayafoline-A.- B. Members of the C18-Skeleton Group.- 1. Mukonicine.- 2. Heptazolicine.- 3. Clausenapin.- 4. Clausenatin.- 5. Mupamine.- 6. Murrayafoline-B.- 7. Ekeberginine.- C. Members of the C23-Skeleton Group.- 1. Exozoline.- 2. Mahanimbinol.- 3. Mahanimboline.- 4. Isomurrayazoline.- 5. (+) Murrayazoline.- D. Dimeric Carbazoles.- 1. Bismurrayafoline-A.- 2. Bismurrayafoline-B.- 3. (±) Murrafoline.- E. Carbazolequinones.- 1. Murrayaquinone-A.- 2. Murrayaquinone-B.- 3. Murrayaquinone-C and Murrayaquinone-D.- F. Carbazoles from Other Sources.- 1. Hyellazole.- 2. 6-Chlorohyellazole.- 3. Carbazomycin B.- 4. Carbazomycin A.- References.- Author Index.

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