Table of Contents
I. GETTING STARTED.
1 Thinking, Reading, and Writing.
II. WRITING COLLEGE ESSAYS.
2. Preparing to Write an Essay.
Writing and Thinking.
Assess the Writing Situation.
Employ Common Essay Conventions.
3. The Composing Process: Prewriting and Informal Planning.
A Student's Composing Process.
Use Prewriting Techniques to Explore an Assignment.
Identify and Limit a Subject.
Compose a Purpose Statement.
A Student's Prewriting Activities.
4. Writing a Thesis Statement and a Formal Plan.
Write an Effective Thesis Statement.
Develop a Formal Plan.
5. Writing Paragraphs for the Rough Draft.
Write the Introduction.
Write the Discussion.
Write the Conclusion.
Create the Title.
Combine the Sections of the Rough Draft.
6. Responses to a Rough Draft: Instructor and Peer Comments.
7. Revising a Rough Draft: Structure, Paragraphs, and Sentences.
Approach Revision Systematically.
Guidelines for Revision.
8. Preparing to Submit an Essay.
Proofread Your Revised Draft.
Prepare the Final Draft Using Standard Manuscript Form.
III. DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS.
9. Description: Rendering Experience.
A Student Essay Developed by Description.
Writing an Essay Developed by Description.
Revising Descriptive Paragraphs.
10. Narration: Connecting Events.
A Student Essay Developed by Narration.
Writing an Essay Developed by Narration.
Revising Narrative Paragraphs.
11. Examples: Illustrating Experience.
A Student Essay Developed by Examples.
Writing an Essay Developed by Examples.
Revising Example Paragraphs.
12. Comparison: Showing Similarities and Differences.
A Student Essay Developed by Comparison.
Writing an Essay Developed by Comparison.
Revising Comparison Paragraphs.
13. Cause and Effect: Exploring Reasons and Results.
A Student Essay Developed by Cause and Effect.
Writing an Essay Developed by Cause and Effect.
Revising Cause and Effect Paragraphs.
14. Process Analysis: Explaining Step by Step.
A Student Essay Developed by Process Analysis.
Writing an Essay Developed by Process Analysis.
Revising Process Analysis Paragraphs.
15. Classification and Division: Analyzing and Arranging Experience.
A Student Essay Developed by Classification and Division.
Writing an Essay Developed by Classification and Division.
Revising Classification and Division Paragraphs.
16. Definition: Creating Impressions.
A Student Essay Developed by Definition.
Writing an Essay Developed by Definition.
Revising Definition Paragraphs.
17. Reading and Writing an Argument.
Understanding an Argument.
Reading an Argument.
Writing an Essay Developed by Argument.
IV. THE RESEARCH ESSAY.
18. Finding and Researching a Topic.
What Is a Research Essay?
Getting Started: Find and Narrow a Suitable Topic.
Gather Information on the Research Topic.
Prepare a Working Bibliography.
Take Notes on Your Research.
19. Researching on the Internet.
Accessing the Internet: Online Is Onboard.
Overview of Internet Systems.
Evaluating Internet Resources: Whom Can You Trust?
20. Writing Your Research Essay: From Planning to Typing the Final Draft.
Planning Your Essay.
Writing Your Essay.
Revise, Edit, and Proofread.
Guidelines for Typing Your Research Essay.
21. Documenting Sources in Your Research Essay.
V. WRITING FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
22. Writing About Literature.
Read to Respond to the Work.
Formulate a Thesis Statement about the Work.
Write an Effective Introduction to Your Essay.
Develop Your Discussion of the Literary Work.
Write an Effective Conclusion to Your Essay.
Identify Your Sources.
Follow Other Standard Practices for Writing about Literature.
A Sample Essay on a Literary Work.
Glossary of Literary Terms and Concepts.
23. Writing for an Essay Exam.
Preparing for an Essay Exam.
Writing the Essay Exam.
A Sample Essay Exam Response.
24. Writing for Business: Letters, Resumes, Memos, FAXes, and E-Mail.
Writing a Business Letter.
Writing a Resume and Cover Letter.
Writing a Memo.
Writing a FAX and an E-Mail.
VI. READINGS FOR WRITERS.
Three Tips for a First Reading.
Williard Gaylin, What You See Is the Real You.
Five Tips for Rereading.
Maya Angelou, Finishing School.
Judy Brady, I Want a Wife.
William F. Buckley, Jr., Why Don't We Complain?
K.C. Cole, Entropy.
Barbara Ehrenreich, Marginal Men.
Gretel Ehrlich, About Men.
Stephanie Ericsson, The Ways We Lie.
Neal Gabler, How Urban Myths Reveal Society's Fears.
Leonce Gaiter, The Revolt of the Black Bourgeoisie.
George Gilder, Why Men Marry.
Ellen Goodman, Becoming Desensitized to Hate Words.
Pete Hamill, Crack and the Box.
Stephen King, Why We Crave Horror Movies.
Michael Levin, The Case for Torture.
Alleen Pace Nilsen, Sexism in English: A 1990's Update.
George Orwell, A Hanging.
Neil Postman, Future Shlock.
George Simpson, The War Room at Bellevue.
Brent Staples, Black Men and Public Space.
Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal.
Amy Tan, Mother Tongue.
Paul Theroux, Being a Man.
Lewis Thomas, On Natural Death.
Mark Twain, The Damned Human Race.
E.B. White, Once More to the Lake.
Reminders for ESL Writers.
End Punctuation Marks.