It is difficult to do justice to fracture mechanics in a textbook, for the subject encompasses so many disciplines. A general survey of the field would serve no purpose other than give a collection of references. The present book by Professor E. E. Gdoutos is refreshing because it does not fall into the esoteric tradition of outlining equations and results. Basic ideas and underlying principles are clearly explained as to how they are used in application. The presentations are concise and each topic can be understood by advanced undergraduates in material science and continuum mechanics. The book is highly recommended not only as a text in fracture mechanics but also as a reference to those interested in the general aspects of failure analysis. In addition to providing an in-depth review of the analytical methods for evaluating the fundamental quantities used in linear elastic fracture mechanics, various criteria are discussed re:O. ecting their limitations and applications. Par ticular emphases are given to predicting crack initiation, subcritical growth and the onset of rapid fracture from a single criterion. Those models in which it is assumed that the crack extends from tip to tip rely on the specific surface energy concept. The differences in the global and energy states before and after crack extension were associated with the energy required to create a unit area of crack surface. Applications were limited by the requirement of self-similar crack growth.
Table of Contents1. Introductory chapter.- 1.1. Conventional failure criteria.- 1.2. Characteristic brittle failures.- 1.3. Griffith’s work.- 1.4. Fracture mechanics.- References.- 2. Linear elastic stress field in cracked bodies.- 2.1. Introduction.- 2.2. Crack deformation modes and basic concepts.- 2.3. Eigenfunction expansion method for a semi-infinite crack.- 2.4. Westergaard method.- 2.5. Singular stress and displacement fields.- 2.6. Method of complex potentials.- 2.7. Numerical methods.- 2.8. Experimental methods.- 2.9. Three-dimensional crack problems.- 2.10. Cracks in bending plates and shells.- References.- 3. Elastic-plastic stress field in cracked bodies.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Approximate determination of the crack-tip plastic zone.- 3.3. Small-scale yielding solution for antiplane mode.- 3.4. Complete solution for antiplane mode.- 3.5. Irwin’s model.- 3.6. Dugdale’s model.- 3.7. Singular solution for a work-hardening material.- 3.8. Numerical solutions.- References.- 4. Crack growth based on energy balance.- 4.1. Introduction.- 4.2. Energy balance during crack growth.- 4.3. Griffith theory.- 4.4. Graphical representation of the energy balance equation.- 4.5. Equivalence between strain energy release rate and stress intensity factor.- 4.6. Compliance.- 4.7. Critical stress intensity factor fracture criterion.- 4.8. Experimental determination of KIc.- 4.9. Crack stability.- 4.10. Crack growth resistance curve (R-curve) method.- 4.11. Mixed-mode crack propagation.- References.- 5. J-Integral and crack opening displacement fracture criteria.- 5.1. Introduction.- 5.2. Path-independent integrals.- 5.3. J-integral.- 5.4. Relationship between the J-integral and potential energy.- 5.5. J-integral fracture criterion.- 5.6. Experimental determination of the J-integral.- 5.7. Stable crack growth studied by the J-integral.- 5.8. Mixed-mode crack growth.- 5.9. Crack opening displacement (COD) fracture criterion.- References.- 6. Strain energy density failure criterion.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. Volume strain energy density.- 6.3. Basic hypotheses.- 6.4. Two-dimensional linear elastic crack problems.- 6.5. Uniaxial extension of an inclined crack.- 6.6. Three-dimensional linear elastic crack problems.- 6.7. Bending of cracked plates.- 6.8. Ductile fracture.- 6.9. Failure initiation in bodies without pre-existing cracks.- 6.10. Other criteria based on energy density.- References.- 7. Dynamic fracture.- 7.1. Introduction.- 7.2. Mott’s model.- 7.3. Stress field around a rapidly propagating crack.- 7.4. Strain energy release rate.- 7.5. Transient response of cracks to impact loads.- 7.6. Standing plane waves interacting with a crack.- 7.7. Crack branching.- 7.8. Crack arrest.- 7.9. Experimental determination of crack velocity and dynamic stress intensity factor.- References.- 8. Fatigue and environment-assisted fracture.- 8.1. Introduction.- 8.2. Fatigue crack propagation laws.- 8.3. Fatigue life calculations.- 8.4. Variable amplitude loading.- 8.5. Mixed-mode fatigue crack propagation.- 8.6. Nonlinear fatigue analysis based on the strain energy density theory.- 8.7. Environment-assisted fracture.- References.- 9. Engineering applications.- 9.1. Introduction.- 9.2. Fracture mechanics design philosophy.- 9.3. Design example problems.- 9.4. Fiber-reinforced composites.- 9.5. Concrete.- 9.6. Crack detection methods.- References.- Author Index.