This book describes and explains the extraordinary wave of popular protest that swept across the so-called Third World and the countries of the former socialist bloc during the period from the late 1970s to the early 1990s, in response to the mounting debt crisis and the austerity measures widely adopted as part of economic "reform" and "adjustment".
- Explores this general proposition in a cross-national study of the austerity protests, or the 'IMF Riots' that have affected so many debtor nations since the mid-1970s
- Argues that modern austerity protests, like the classical "bread riots" in eighteenth-century Europe are political acts aimed at injustice, but acts that are an integral part of the process of international economic and political restructuring
- Evaluates how modern food riots are most important for what they reveal about global economic transformation and its social, and political, consequences
- Provides a general framework (drawing on comparative and historical material) and then trace the cycle of uneven development, debt, neo-liberal reform, and protest in Latin America, Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe
- Focusses on the role of women in structural adjustment and protest politics and the features of seemingly anomalous cases which qualify the general argument
About the Author
John Walton holds a joint appointment in the Departments ofSociology and Anthropology at the University of California, Davis.He is author of Reluctant Rebels: Comparative Studies ofRevolution and Underdevelopment (1984) and most recentlyWestern Times and Water Wars: State, Culture, and Rebellion inCalifornia (1992).
David Seddon is Professor of Development Studies at theUniversity of East Anglia in Norwich, and has written extensivelyon "the politics of structural adjustment".
Table of Contents
List of Tables.
Part I: Introduction:.
1. Global Adjustment.
2. Food Riots Past and Present.
Part II: Case Studies:.
3. Fighting for Survival: Women's Responses to AusterityPrograms.
4. Latin America: Popular Protest and the State.
5. Economic Adjustment and Democratization in Africa.
6. The Middle East and North Africa.
7. The Asian Debt Crisis: Structural Adjustment and PopularProtest in India.
8. Explaining Sri Lanka's Exceptionalism: Popular Responses toWelfarism and the 'Open Economy'.
9. The Politics of Economic Reform in Central and EasternEurope.
Part III: Conclusion:.
10. Debt Crisis and Democratic Transition.