Freedom and Nature: The Voluntary and the Involuntary

Freedom and Nature: The Voluntary and the Involuntary



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Freedom and Nature: The Voluntary and the Involuntary by Paul Ricoeur

Incredible originality of thought in areas as vast as phenomenology, religion, hermeneutics, psychoanalysis, intersubjectivity, language, Marxism, and structuralism has made Paul Ricoeur one of the philosophical giants of the twentieth century. The way in which Ricoeur approaches these themes makes his works relevant to the reader today: he writes with honesty and depth of insight into the core of a problem, and his ability to mark for future thought the very path of philosophical inquiry is nearly unmatched. Freedom and Nature, the first part of Ricoeur's Philosophy of the Will, is an eidetics, carried out within carefully imposed phenomenological brackets. It seeks to deal with the essential structure of man's being-in-the-world, and so it suspends the distorting dimensions of existence, the bondage of passion, and the vision of innocence to which Ricoeur returns in his later writings. The result is a conception of man as an incarnate Cogito, which can make the polar unity of subject and object intelligible and provide a basic continuity for the various aspects of inquiry into man's being-in-the-world. This volume and the other new editions of Ricoeur's texts published by Northwestern University Press have joined the canon of contemporary continental philosophy and continue to contribute to emergent discussions in the twenty-first century.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780810102088
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
Publication date: 01/28/1966
Series: Studies in Phenomenology and Existential
Pages: 498

Table of Contents

Foreword to the New Edition     xi
Translator's Introduction: The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur     xv
General Introduction: Question of Method     3
Descriptive Method and Its Limits     4
Abstraction of the Fault     20
Abstraction of Transcendence     29
Decision: Choice and Its Motives     35
Pure Description of "Deciding"     37
Intentionality of Decision: The Project     41
The Imputation of Myself: "Se Decider"-Making up My Mind     55
Motivation of Willing     66
Motivation and the Corporeal Involuntary     85
Need and Pleasure     88
Motives and Values on the Organic Level     104
Body and the Total Field of Motivation     122
History of Decision: From Hesitation to Choice     135
Hesitation     137
The Process of Attention     149
Choice     163
Determination and Indetermination     181
Voluntary Motion and Human Capabilities     199
Pure Description of Acting and Moving     201
Intentionality of Acting and Moving     205
Moving and Dualism     216
Bodily Spontaneity     231
PreformedSkills     231
Emotion     250
Habit     280
Moving and Effort     308
Effort, Emotion, and Habit     312
Effort and "Motor Intention"     318
Being Able and Willing     327
Limits of a Philosophy of Effort: Effort and Knowledge     331
Consenting: Consent and Necessity     339
The Problems of Consent     341
The Third Cycle of the Involuntary     341
Consent: Pure Description     343
Experienced Necessity     355
Character     355
The Unconscious     373
Life: Structure     409
Life: Growth and Genesis     425
Life: Birth     433
The Way of Consent     444
Necessity as Non-Being and the Refusal     444
From Refusal to Consent     466
Conclusion: An Only Human Freedom     482
Bibliography     487
Index     495

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