What made France into an imperialist nation, ruler of a global empire with millions of dependent subjects overseas? Historians have sought answers to this question in the nation’s political situation at home and abroad, its socioeconomic circumstances, and its international ambitions. But all these motivating factors depended on other, less tangible forces, namely, the prevailing attitudes of the day and their influence among those charged with acquiring or administering a colonial empire. The French Colonial Mind explores these mindsets to illuminate the nature of French imperialism.
The first of two linked volumes, Mental Maps of Empire and Colonial Encounters brings together fifteen leading scholars of French colonial history to investigate the origins and outcomes of imperialist ideas among France’s most influential “empire-makers.” Considering French colonial experiences in Africa and Southeast Asia, the authors identify the processes that made Frenchmen and women into ardent imperialists. By focusing on attitudes, presumptions, and prejudices, these essays connect the derivation of ideas about empire, colonized peoples, and concepts of civilization with the forms and practices of French imperialism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The contributors to The French Colonial Mind place the formation and the derivation of colonialist thinking at the heart of this history of imperialism.
|Publisher:||UNP - Nebraska Paperback|
|Series:||France Overseas: Studies in Empire and Decolonization|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)|
About the Author
Martin Thomas is a professor of colonial history at Exeter University. He is the author of several books, including The French Empire Between the Wars: Imperialism, Politics, and Society and Empires of Intelligence: Security Services and Colonial Disorder after 1914.
Contributors include Patricia M. E. Lorcin, Emanuelle Sibeud, Ruth Ginio, John Strachan, Anne Raffin, Kenneth Orosz, Maria Del Mar Logrono, Jennifer Dueck, James D. Le Sueur, Martin Shipway, Veronique Dimier, Tony Chafer, Todd D. Shepard, and Alexander Keese.
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgments ix
Introduction: Mapping the French Colonial Mind Martin Thomas xi
Part I Colonial Encounters and Imaginings of Empire
1 Reflections on the French Colonial Mind Patricia M. E. Lorcin 3
2 Intellectuals for Empire? The Imperial Training of Félicien Challaye, 1899-1914 Emmanuelle Sibeud 26
3 Colonial Minds and African Witchcraft: Interpretations of Murder as Seen in Cases from French West Africa in the Interwar Era Ruth Ginio 49
4 The Colonial Cosmology of Fernand Braudel John Strachan 72
5 Mental Maps of Modernity in Colonial Indochina during World War II: Mobilizing Sport to Combat Threats to French Rule Anne Raffin 96
Part 2 Language, Culture, and Communities of the Colonial Mind
6 Anticlericalism, French Language Policy, and the Conflicted Colonial Mind in Cameroon, 1923-1939 Kenneth J. Orosz 121
7 Information and Intelligence Collection among Imperial Subjects Abroad: The Case of Syrians and Lebanese in Latin America, 1915-1930 María Del Mar Logroño Narbona 144
8 Religious Rivalry and Cultural Policymaking in Lebanon under the French Mandate Jennifer M. Dueck 168
9 France's Arabic Educational Reforms in Algeria during the Colonial Era: Language Instruction in Colonial and Anticolonial Minds before and after Algerian Independence James D. Le Sueur 194
Part 3 Administrators and the Colonial Mind after World War II
10 Thinking Like an Empire: Governor Henri Laurentie and Postwar Plans for the Late Colonial French "Empire-State" Martin Shipway 219
11 Recycling Empire: French Colonial Administrators at the Heart of European Development Policy Véronique Dimier 251
12 Friend or Foe? Competing Visions of Empire in French West Africa in the Run-up to Independence Tony Chafer 275
13 Thinking between Metropole and Colony: The French Republic, "Exceptional Promotion," and the "Integration" of Algerians, 1955-1962 Todd Shepard 298
14 Rigged Elections? Democracy and Manipulation in the Late Colonial State in French West Africa and Togo, 1944-1958 Alexander Keese 24
List of Contributors 347