French thinkers like Roland Barthes, Pierre Bourdieu, A. J. Greimas, Michel Foucault, and Claude Levi-Strauss created the “structuralist” and “poststructuralist” movements. They succeeded Sartrian existentialism and formed a new aristocracy of culture. French Intellectual Nobility is the first study to examine the conditions for the creation of these movements. Through case studies in cultural history, sociology, semiology, and literature, the book discusses the processes that enabled the French intellectual nobility to reinvent itself. By developing a historical and comparative approach, Kauppi analyzes the challenges that an intellectual generation faced, and he contributes to a context-sensitive analysis of culture and power.
About the Author
Niilo Kauppi is Research Fellow at the Academy of Finland and recently was Visiting Scholar at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales.
Table of ContentsList of Figures and Illustrations
Part I. The French Intellectual Habitus and Literary Culture
1. The Ancien Régime: French Literary Culture
2. The Nouveau Ré: The Weight of Past Deeds
Part II. The Rise of Structural Constructivsm and Semiology: The Academic Avante-Garde
3. Scientific Practice and Epistemological A priori: Durkheim, Mauss, Lévi-Strauss, Bourdieu
4. The Uses of the "Economy" in Structural Constructivism
5. Semiology and the Dynamics of the Intermediate Space
6. On Scientific Style: The Effects of Two Cultures
Part III. Iconoclasm and Parody: The Litarary Avant-Garde Against Sartre
7. System of Succession and System of Coronation
8. The Conditions of Possibility of the New Avant-Garde: The Case of Tel Quel
Epilogue: The Emergence of a Tripolar Structure