Easy to read and to use, this A-to-Z mini-encyclopedia covers the most important medical innovations of the last 200 years.
Medical innovation is an extremely important topic—and one to which relatively little study has been devoted. This volume is designed to introduce readers to the history and development of key advances in the science and practice of medicine. It explores issues in medical history and provides perspective on contemporary scientific research and innovation. It also provides a backdrop against which to evaluate current headlines, such as the discoveries of live samples of smallpox virus in an unused storage room at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and incidents of bubonic plague in China and Colorado.
Although the entries in this single-volume resource describe how each innovation works, this is not intended as a technical text. Instead, the focus is on the context in which each innovation was developed and on its lasting importance in the field of medicine. Through these fascinating accounts, readers will be able to trace the evolution and legacy of key innovations and to see how other sectors of society—such as industry and the military—have affected and been affected by advances in the field of medicine.
• Features 50 interesting A-to-Z reference entries on medical innovations
• Covers biographies of important medical innovators, descriptions of the first use of an innovation, and descriptions of other innovations that were less successful
• Provides an introductory essay explaining how the list was chosen and discussing the importance of innovation in the medical field
• Includes a chronology of major milestones in medical innovation
• Utilizes a ready-reference format that makes finding information about particular innovations easy
|Product dimensions:||6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Christiane Nockels Fabbri, PhD, a native of Luxembourg, has practiced clinical medicine since 1984, most recently at Yale Health in New Haven, CT.
Table of Contents
Foreword Sandra Panem xi
Procedures and Devices 1
Blood Transfusion 4
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) 9
Cataract Surgery 13
Heart-Lung Machine 24
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) 28
Organ Transplantation 33
Prosthetic Hip 44
Stem Cell Therapy 47
Tests and Tools 55
Clinical Trials 59
Computed Tomography (CT) 65
Electrocardiogram (ECG) 69
Electroencephalogram (EEG) 73
Electronic Medical Records and Medical Informatics 77
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 81
Pap Smear 84
Medications and Vaccines 109
Birth Control Pill 118
Diphtheria Toxoid 131
Modern Psychopharmacology 139
Polio Vaccine 147
Sulfa Drugs 155
Other Important Discoveries 159
ABO Blood Groups 159
Antisepsis and Asepsis 166
DNA and the Genetic Code 168
Germ Theory of Disease 173
Helicobacter Pylori 176
Hepatitis C 180
Human Papilloma Virus 183
Monoclonal Antibodies 194
Brief Timeline of Medical Innovations 209
What People are Saying About This
"A well organized, engaging, and concise presentation of key therapeutic, technological, and clinical innovations that have profoundly altered the practice of modern medicine. This book—brimming with well-placed images and clearly edited selections of primary sources—will certainly inspire readers to pursue these topics in greater depth."
"A wonderfully readable and authoritative guide to medical innovations that have transformed medicine over the past 200 years. The author combines a deft command of the history of medicine with vivid storytelling that brings an engaging human dimension to this account of scientific and technological change."