From Anesthesia to X-Rays: Innovations and Discoveries That Changed Medicine Forever

From Anesthesia to X-Rays: Innovations and Discoveries That Changed Medicine Forever

by Christiane Nockels Fabbri


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Easy to read and to use, this A-to-Z mini-encyclopedia covers the most important medical innovations of the last 200 years.

Medical innovation is an extremely important topic—and one to which relatively little study has been devoted. This volume is designed to introduce readers to the history and development of key advances in the science and practice of medicine. It explores issues in medical history and provides perspective on contemporary scientific research and innovation. It also provides a backdrop against which to evaluate current headlines, such as the discoveries of live samples of smallpox virus in an unused storage room at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and incidents of bubonic plague in China and Colorado.

Although the entries in this single-volume resource describe how each innovation works, this is not intended as a technical text. Instead, the focus is on the context in which each innovation was developed and on its lasting importance in the field of medicine. Through these fascinating accounts, readers will be able to trace the evolution and legacy of key innovations and to see how other sectors of society—such as industry and the military—have affected and been affected by advances in the field of medicine.

• Features 50 interesting A-to-Z reference entries on medical innovations

• Covers biographies of important medical innovators, descriptions of the first use of an innovation, and descriptions of other innovations that were less successful

• Provides an introductory essay explaining how the list was chosen and discussing the importance of innovation in the medical field

• Includes a chronology of major milestones in medical innovation

• Utilizes a ready-reference format that makes finding information about particular innovations easy

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781610695732
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/28/2016
Pages: 246
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Christiane Nockels Fabbri, PhD, a native of Luxembourg, has practiced clinical medicine since 1984, most recently at Yale Health in New Haven, CT.

Table of Contents

Foreword Sandra Panem xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction xv

Procedures and Devices 1

Angioplasty 1

Blood Transfusion 4

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) 9

Cataract Surgery 13

Dialysis 16

Endoscopy 20

Heart-Lung Machine 24

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) 28

Organ Transplantation 33

Pacemaker 38

Prosthetic Hip 44

Stem Cell Therapy 47

Tests and Tools 55

Angiocardiography 55

Clinical Trials 59

Computed Tomography (CT) 65

Electrocardiogram (ECG) 69

Electroencephalogram (EEG) 73

Electronic Medical Records and Medical Informatics 77

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 81

Pap Smear 84

Sphygmomanometer 88

Stethoscope 91

Thermometer 95

Ultrasound 100

X-Rays 103

Medications and Vaccines 109

Antihistamines 109

Aspirin 113

Birth Control Pill 118

Chemotherapy 124

Cortisone 128

Diphtheria Toxoid 131

Insulin 136

Modern Psychopharmacology 139

Penicillin 143

Polio Vaccine 147

Streptomycin 152

Sulfa Drugs 155

Other Important Discoveries 159

ABO Blood Groups 159

Anesthesia 161

Antisepsis and Asepsis 166

DNA and the Genetic Code 168

Germ Theory of Disease 173

Helicobacter Pylori 176

Hepatitis C 180

Human Papilloma Virus 183

Iodine 187

Malaria 191

Monoclonal Antibodies 194

Vaccination 198

Vitamins 202

Brief Timeline of Medical Innovations 209

Glossary 229

Index 235

What People are Saying About This

Naomi Rogers

"A well organized, engaging, and concise presentation of key therapeutic, technological, and clinical innovations that have profoundly altered the practice of modern medicine. This book—brimming with well-placed images and clearly edited selections of primary sources—will certainly inspire readers to pursue these topics in greater depth."

Professor John Warner

"A wonderfully readable and authoritative guide to medical innovations that have transformed medicine over the past 200 years. The author combines a deft command of the history of medicine with vivid storytelling that brings an engaging human dimension to this account of scientific and technological change."

Customer Reviews