From Crusade to Hazard: The Denazification of Bremen Germany

From Crusade to Hazard: The Denazification of Bremen Germany

by Bianka J. Adams

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Overview

From Crusade to Hazard: The Denazification of Bremen Germany relates how the American and British combat forces and military government officers occupied, administered, and denazified Bremen and its environs from 1945 to 1947. The three distinct phases in administering Bremen had a profound impact on the denazification of the city. Denazification legislation was first determined by the Americans, then by the British, and then again by the Americans. Throughout, denazification teams tried to find a middle way between the American dictum of a radical purge of the whole population and the less ambitious British goal of only cleansing the administration. This delicate balancing act led to an implementation of a purge that was unique to the Bremen enclave. While it succeeded in discovering and punishing many of the main functionaries of the Nazi regime, it also fell victim to its own ambition and collapsed underneath the weight of its administrative processes. As deadlines and waning governmental support forced a quick end to the program, the bloated denazification bureaucracy resorted to classifying most of the remaining cases as benign 'followers,' even when they hardly deserved that label. At a time when interest in de-politicizing old classes of administrators affiliated with dictatorial regimes is being increasingly fueled by contemporary world events, this book is a particularly valuable contribution.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780810859920
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 12/16/2009
Pages: 198
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Bianka J. Adams is Historian for the Department of Defense at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Introduction ix

Maps xiii

1 Inter-Allied Decision Making for Postwar Germany 1

Moscow 1943 2

The Bremen Compromise 3

2 Anglo-American Military Government Planning 11

Operational Planning at Shaef 11

American Denazification Policy 14

JCS 1067 15

The British Zone: British Denazification Policy 16

3 Civil Affairs Training 21

School of Military Government, Charlottesville, Virginia 21

Infighting in Washington 23

Civil Affairs Staff Centre, Southlands House, Wimbledon Common 27

Final Preparations 28

First Experiences: Establishing Order in the U.S. Zone 30

The American Denazification Program 34

The British Zone 42

British Denazification Practices: Keeping It Simple 46

German Denazification Panels 48

4 Denazifying Bremen 59

1945: The American Denazification 59

1946: The British Denazification 74

1947: The Americans Again 87

1948: The Beginning of the End 101

5 Bremen's Schools and Teachers 131

Reopening the Schools 131

Lasting Problems: Textbooks for a Democratic Future 134

Training New Teachers 136

Long-Term Effects of U.S. Reeducation Efforts 139

Conclusion 145

Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations 151

Bibliography 155

Index 163

About the Author 167

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