From Hogarth to Rowlandson shows how medicine and medical practitioners were portrayed by some of the artists of the eighteenth century. Medical imagery is a forceful component of eighteenth-century art and, taken as a corpus, the works of artists such as Hogarth and Rowlandson provide a lay view of some of the contemporary medical developments and of the attitudes held towards members of the medical profession. Eighteenth-century medical imagery does not only appear overtly as illustrations of medical men with their patients being purged, bled, "given a vomit" and so forth, but also appears indirectly as part of a "language" based upon symbolism, allegory and the use of emblems in a traditional manner still commonly employed in the eighteenth century. Haslam places "the art of medicine" of the eighteenth century in its social, historical and political context and shows how this, together with a knowledge of the lives of the artists themselves, is necessary for a better understanding of that art in an age in which hope was often raised by medical innovation, but all too often dashed. Among the aspects considered are: medical images in Hogarth's early satires, the innovation of vaccination, death, madness, fashion in medicine, midwifery and birth, blood-letting, the role and practice of the itinerant quack, surgery, and medicine and morality.
This book provides an insight into the use of highly charged and often complicated representations of medicine and doctors in graphic and literary art. It will be of interest to social, medical and art historians as well as to general readers.
|Publisher:||Liverpool University Press|
|Series:||Liverpool University Press - Liverpool Science Fiction Texts and Studies|
|Product dimensions:||7.00(w) x 9.75(h) x (d)|
Table of Contents
Foreword by Professor Martin Kemp
List of Illustrations
1. Setting the Medical Scene: the History of the Development of Medical Practice
2. Medical Images in Hogarth's London: Early Satires
—i. The Rabbit Woman: art and guile in the case of Mary Toft
—ii. The Company of Undertakers
3. The Itinerant Quack
4. A Pox on You All: Medical Images in Eighteenth-Century Themes of Morality
—i. A Harlot's Progress
—iii. Mothers' Ruin: Gin Lane and the art of alcohol abuse
5. Hogarth at St. Bartholomew's Hospital
6. A Question of Taste, or a Taste of Madness
—i. The Rake's Progress
—iii. Treatment of madness
7. Fashions in Health and Treatment
—i. Taking the waters
—ii. Aerial, aetherial, magnetic and electrical applications
—iii. 'Wonders! Wonders! Wonders! and Wonders!'
—iv. Animal magnetism
8. From the Womb...
—i. Touching on midwifery
—ii. What became of the children?
9. ...To the Tomb
—i. Dentistry: a big smile
—ii. Licensed to kill?
—iii. A public anatomy
—iv. Kill or cure
10. The End
—i. Death comes at the end
—ii. Remember thou shalt die
—i. Primary Sources
—ii. Secondary sources