From Insurgency to Stability

From Insurgency to Stability


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From Insurgency to Stability by Angel Rabasa, John, IV Gordon IV, Peter Chalk, Audra K. Grant

This book examines six case studies of insurgencies from around the world to determine the key factors necessary for a successful transition from counterinsurgency to a more stable situation. The authors review the causes of each insurgency and the key players involved, and examine what the government did right--or wrong--to bring the insurgency to an end and to transition to greater stability.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780833053145
Publisher: Rand Corporation
Publication date: 09/07/2011
Pages: 320
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.73(d)

Table of Contents

Preface iii

Figures xi

Tables xiii

Summary xv

Acknowledgments xxxiii

Abbreviations xxxv

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

The Goals of This Research 1

The Fragile Transition 2

COIN Transition 2

Different Levels of U.S. Involvement in Counterinsurgency 4

Major U.S. Involvement in the Counterinsurgency 6

Limited U.S. Involvement 8

No U.S. Involvement 9

Implications of Different Outcome Scenarios 10

Chapter 2 U.S. Interagency Planning and Implementation-Vision and Reality in 2010 13

The Department of State Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization and the Civilian Response Corps 13

Prospects for Improved Approaches to Interagency Planning and Execution of SROs 19

Contractors as Vehicles for Continuity 26

Information Systems 29

Chapter 3 Military-to-Civilian Hand-Off of Security and Economic Operations 31

Describing Security and Economic Operations 32

Military Hand-Off of Security Operations 32

Sustaining Military-to-Military Relations 33

Hand-Off of Policing and Public Safety Programs 35

Hand-Off of Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Programs 36

Hand-Off of Economic Operations to Civilian Agency Leadership 38

Provincial Reconstruction Teams 39

The United States Agency for International Development 40

The DoD in Economic Operations 41

Economic Operations in Iraq 42

Hand-Off Challenges During Operation Iraqi Freedom 46

Project Coordination, Assessment, and Transfer 46

Civilian Staffing and Continuity of Project Oversight 48

The Evolution of the PRTs After the Transition 49

Chapter 4 Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration 51

The Concept of DDR 52

Definition 52

DDR Phases and Prerequisites 53

Eligibility Criteria for Inclusion in DDR Programs 59

Women 62

Child Soldiers 62

DDR and Technical Support 64

The Role of International Police in Post-COIN Environments 65

Coordination and Implementation of the DDR Process 70

Monitoring 75

Chapter 5 Police and Justice Functions 81

Introduction 81

Building Police Capabilities 90

The U.S. Experience with Police Assistance 90

Building Justice and Corrections Capabilities 93

The U.S. Experience with Justice and Corrections Assistance 93

Challenges in Building Police, Justice, and Corrections Systems in Transition Environments 96

Gaps in Policing Capabilities 96

Gaps in Justice Capabilities 98

Gaps That Could Be Filled Through New Research 100

Gaps That Could Be Filled Through Improved Planning and Coordination 102

Gaps That May Be Filled by International Partners 103

Chapter 6 The Contribution of International Partners 107

Transition-Relevant Capabilities of International Institutions 108

United Nations 109

European Union 110

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe 113

African Union 114

International Police Capabilities 115

United Nations 115

European Union 117

European Gendarmerie Forces 119

NATO Multinational Specialized Units 121

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe 123

African Union Police 123

Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units 125

Rule of Law 125

EU Rule-of-Law Missions 126

United Nations 127

World Bank 128

Regional Development Banks 128

Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration 129

World Bank 129

United Nations 130

International Organization for Migration 131

African Union 131

European Union 132

Post-Crisis Economic Assistance 132

European Union 132

United Nations/United Nations Development Programme 134

World Bank 136

Innovative Bilateral Initiatives: the United Kingdom and the Netherlands 137

Chapter 7 Conclusions and Recommendations 139

Hand-Off of Security and Economic Operations from Military to Civilian Agencies 140

Military-Civilian Collaboration 141

SRO Planning and Execution 144

U.S. Government Structural Reforms 144

Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration of Combatants 145

Adequate Resources 145

IT Contribution to DDR 145

Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons 146

Cantonment 146

Police and Justice Functions 147

Establishing or Reestablishing Coverage of the Entire National Territory 147

Constabulary Policing Capabilities 148

Riot and Crowd-Control Capabilities 148

Integrated Police and Judicial System Reconstruction 149

Crosscutting Issues 150

Unity of Effort 150

Accurate Predeployment Intelligence 151

Adequate Intelligence Coordination 151

Contribution of International Partners 151

Limitations of International Contributions 153

Leveraging International Capabilities 154

Technological Solutions 155

Nonlethality 155

Identification Systems and Biometrics 156

Communications 157

Operational Mobility 157

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) 158


A U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Implementing or Supporting Policing Capabilities 159

B U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Building or Supporting Justice and Corrections Capabilities 187

C Key Capabilities of U.S. Government Agencies 203

Bibliography 209

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