With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications.
This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy.
- Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry)
- Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems
- Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach
About the Author
Dr Palmiro Poltronieri is researcher at the Agrofood Department of the Italian National Research Council. He is co-founder of Biotecgen SME - a service company involved in European projects developing molecular tools such as Ribochip DNA arrays, and protein chip tools. He is Associate Editor to BMC Research Notes and holds a Ph.D. in Molecular and Cellular Biology from Verona University. His current interest is on the water stress response in roots of tolerant and sensitive chickpea varieties, activating the jasmonic acid synthesis pathway at different timing. P. Poltronieri, Via Moline 36, 73051 Novoli, ItalyDr Natalija Burbulisis currently head of the agrobiotechnology laboratory and professor at the Crop Science and Animal Husbandry Department of the Aleksandr Stulginskis University (Lithuania). She holds a Ph.D. in Agricultural science obtained from the Lithuanian University of Agriculture, and for 10 years performed research in plant biotechnology, physiology and biochemistry. Current studies are in vitro selection of oilseed crops (rapeseed and linseed) - genotypes with important agronomic traits, including disease resistance, cold tolerance and oil quality improvements.Professor Corrado Fogher, Ph.D., is Associate professor of genetics and responsible for the transgenic plants sector at the Observatory on Transgenic Organisms in Agriculture at the Catholic University, Piacenza, Italy. He was NATO Fellow (1982-83) at the Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Researcher (1984-85) at the Department of Cellular Physiology and Molecular Genetics of the Pasteur Institute, Paris, and Visiting scientist at The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California. He is Author or co-author of more than 70 peer-reviewed papers and Research Director of three SMEs, Plantechno, Incura and SunChem.
Table of Contents
From plant genomics to -omics technologies; Plant microRNAs; Epigenetic control by plant Polycomb proteins: New perspectives and emerging roles in stress response; Metabolite profiling for plant research; The uniqueness of conifers; Cryptochrome genes modulate global transcriptome of tomato; Genomics of grapevine: From genomics research on model plants to crops and from science to grapevine breeding; Grapevine genomics and phenotypic diversity of bud sports, varieties and wild relatives; Peach ripening transcriptomics unveils new and unexpected targets for the improvement of drupe quality; Application of doubled haploid technology in breeding of Brassica napus; Plant biodiversity and biotechnology; Natural resveratrol bioproduction