From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East

From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East

by Sean Yom

NOOK Book(eBook)

$34.49 $54.99 Save 37% Current price is $34.49, Original price is $54.99. You Save 37%.
View All Available Formats & Editions

Available on Compatible NOOK Devices and the free NOOK Apps.
WANT A NOOK?  Explore Now

Overview

Based on comparative historical analyses of Iran, Jordan, and Kuwait, Sean L. Yom examines the foreign interventions, coalitional choices, and state outcomes that made the political regimes of the modern Middle East. A key text for foreign policy scholars, From Resilience to Revolution shows how outside interference can corrupt the most basic choices of governance: who to reward, who to punish, who to compensate, and who to manipulate.

As colonial rule dissolved in the 1930s and 1950s, Middle Eastern autocrats constructed new political states to solidify their reigns, with varying results. Why did equally ambitious authoritarians meet such unequal fates? Yom ties the durability of Middle Eastern regimes to their geopolitical origins. At the dawn of the postcolonial era, many autocratic states had little support from their people and struggled to overcome widespread opposition. When foreign powers intervened to bolster these regimes, they unwittingly sabotaged the prospects for long-term stability by discouraging leaders from reaching out to their people and bargaining for mass support—early coalitional decisions that created repressive institutions and planted the seeds for future unrest. Only when they were secluded from larger geopolitical machinations did Middle Eastern regimes come to grips with their weaknesses and build broader coalitions.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780231540278
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 12/01/2015
Series: Columbia Studies in Middle East Politics
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 288
File size: 3 MB

About the Author

Sean L. Yom is assistant professor of political science at Temple University. His research focuses on the comparative politics of the Middle East, especially the dynamics and effects of authoritarianism, democracy, and U.S. foreign policy.

Table of Contents

A Note on Transliteration and Interviews
Acknowledgments
1. The Argument and the Cases
2. Coalitions, State-Building, and Geopolitical Mediation
3. Conflict and Compromise in Kuwait
4. Inclusion and Stability in a Populist Autocracy
5. Cliency and Coercion in Iran
6. Exclusionary Politics and the Revolutionary End
7. A Conflict Interrupted in Jordan
8. Recurrent Tensions and Tenuous Survival Under Hashemite Rule
9. The Geopolitical Origins of Durable Political Order
Notes
Bibliography
Index

What People are Saying About This

Curtis Ryan

From Resilience to Revolution challenges theories about state-building, authoritarian institutions, and foreign intervention. Longevity, Yom argues, shouldn't be conflated with durability. His analysis reverses expectations about foreign intervention and regime durability. He shows that external support is ultimately destructive, as it allows regimes to avoid compromise with domestic rivals and even facilitates coercion in domestic politics. This book is rich theoretically and empirically, and its implications range well beyond Middle East politics.

Wendy Pearlman

This meticulously researched, beautifully written book is comparative historical analysis at its best. Sean L. Yom elegantly distills complex dynamics into three causal pathways that show how, from the same initial condition of social conflict during early state-building, varying degrees of external intervention affected autocratic leaders' building of narrow or broad coalitions, with lasting consequences for regime durability. Scholars will learn from his insights on the coalitional origins of institutions, while policymakers should heed his conclusions about the counterproductive effects of meddling to prop up dictators.

From the Publisher

This meticulously-researched, beautifully-written book is comparative historical analysis at its best. Yom elegantly distills complex dynamics into three causal pathways that show how, from the same initial condition of social conflict during early state-building, varying degrees of external intervention affected autocratic leaders' building of narrow or broad coalitions, with lasting consequences for regime durability. Scholars will learn from his insight about the coalitional origins of institutions, while policy-makers should heed his conclusions about the counter-productivity of meddling to prop up dictators

"From Resilience to Revolution challenges theories about state building, authoritarian institutions, and foreign intervention. Longevity, Yom argues, shouldn't be conflated with durability. His analysis reverses expectations about foreign intervention and regime durability. External support, he argues, is ultimately destructive, as it allows regimes to avoid compromise with domestic rivals, and even facilitates coercion in domestic politics. The book is rich theoretically and empirically, and its implications range well beyond Middle East politics."

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews