Today well over two hundred museums focusing on African American history and culture can be found throughout the United States and Canada. Many of these institutions trace their roots to the 1960s and 1970s, when the struggle for racial equality inspired a movement within the black community to make the history and culture of African America more "public."
This book tells the story of four of these groundbreaking museums: the DuSable Museum of African American History in Chicago (founded in 1961); the International Afro-American Museum in Detroit (1965); the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum in Washington, D.C. (1967); and the African American Museum of Philadelphia (1976). Andrea A. Burns shows how the founders of these institutions, many of whom had ties to the Black Power movement, sought to provide African Americans with a meaningful alternative to the misrepresentation or utter neglect of black history found in standard textbooks and most public history sites. Through the recovery and interpretation of artifacts, documents, and stories drawn from African American experience, they encouraged the embrace of a distinctly black identity and promoted new methods of interaction between the museum and the local community.
Over time, the black museum movement induced mainstream institutions to integrate African American history and culture into their own exhibits and educational programs. This often controversial process has culminated in the creation of a National Museum of African American History and Culture, now scheduled to open in the nation's capital in 2015.
About the Author
Andrea A. Burns is assistant professor of history at Appalachian State University.
Table of Contents
Introduction Museums on the Front Lines: Confronting the "Conspiracy of Silence" 1
1 When "Civil Rights Are Not Enough": Building the Black Museum Movement 15
2 "Not in My Backyard": The Contested Origins of the African American Museum of Philadelphia 41
3 Confronting the "Tyranny of Relevance": Exhibits and the Politics of Representation 72
4 "To Satisfy a Deadline but Little Else": The Public Debut of the African American Museum of Philadelphia 106
5 Rocky Transitions: Black Museums Approach a New Era 129
6 A Museum for the Future: The National Museum of African American History and Culture 156
Conclusion The Ties That Bind: Museums as Community Agents 179
What People are Saying About This
Clearly written and concisely argued, From Storefront to Monument will be of great interest to scholars in the field of museum studies. It also deserves wide readership in the broader field of African American studies, where there has been no comparable work that offers an overarching history of the black museum movement as an important political movement.