On both sides of the Atlantic, restrictive immigration policies have been framed as security imperatives since the 1990s. This trend accelerated in the aftermath of 9/11 and subsequent terrorist attacks in Europe. In Frontiers of Fear, Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia raises two central questions with profound consequences for national security and immigration policy: First, does the securitization of immigration issues actually contribute to the enhancement of internal security? Second, does the use of counterterrorist measures address such immigration issues as the increasing number of illegal immigrants, the resilience of ethnic tensions, and the emergence of homegrown radicalization?
Chebel d’Appollonia questions the main assumptions that inform political agendas in the United States and throughout Europe, analyzing implementation and evaluating the effectiveness of policies in terms of their stated objectives. She argues that the new security-based immigration regime has proven ineffective in achieving its prescribed goals and even aggravated the problems it was supposed to solve: A security/insecurity cycle has been created that results in less security and less democracy. The excesses of securitization have harmed both immigration and counterterrorist policies and seriously damaged the delicate balance between security and respect for civil liberties.
|Publisher:||Cornell University Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia is Associate Professor in the School of Public Affairs and Administration at Rutgers-Newark: The State University of New Jersey and Senior Researcher affiliated with the Center for Political Research (CEVIPOF), Sciences Po (Paris). She is the author of several books in French, most recently Les Frontières du Racisme, and coeditor of Managing Ethnic Diversity after 9/11 and Immigration, Integration and Security.
Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tables ix
Introduction: The Immigration-Security Nexus 1
Part I The Framing of Immigration as a Security Issue 13
1 Newcomers, Old Threats, and Current Concerns 19
2 Securitization before 9/11 49
3 Securitization after 9/11 77
Part II The Dynamics of Policy Failure 111
4 Border Escalation as a Policy Failure 113
5 The Security/Insecurity Spiral 136
6 Radicalization in the West 165
Part III Why Do Failed Policies Persist? 199
7 Emigration, Development, and (In)security 203
8 Immigration, Economic Interests, and Politics 222
Conclusion: Threats to Western Democracy 248
List of Abbreviations 265
What People are Saying About This
"In Frontiers of Fear, Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia makes an important contribution by linking together what have up to now been largely separate discussions in the West over citizenship and the securitization of migration. She covers aspects of security that often escape notice in studies of migration by international relations scholars and that almost always escape notice in studies of migrant integration by sociologists and comparative political scientists. As Europe and the United States fixate on real and perceived threats to safety and social cohesion, civil liberties and traditions of inclusiveness can seem to suffer. This book illuminates the trade-offs and interconnections at issuewhile pointing out how researchers might best go about trying to understand and explain them."
""Chebel d'Appollonia’s book is a gripping if rather depressing read that brings togetherand discusses the relationships between, most of the contemporary subjects of panics that may be 'moral’ but in some cases have a basis for justification – asylum-seeking, illegal immigration, Islamophobia, terrorism, etc." Christopher T. Husbands, Ethnic and Racial Studies (May 2013)