The scientific study of speech production has been undertaken within a variety of disciplines, including linguistics, physiology, physical acoustics, and psychology, among others. In recent years, it has become possible to combine the knowledge accumulated within these separate disciplines to gain more insight into the nature of this complex human activity. Here, we apply an interdisciplinary focus to one of the most widely discussed and poorly under stood aspects of the speech signal. This study of fundamental voice frequency involves a mixture of linguistics, physical acoustics, and psychology. The rele vant aspects of each discipline are introduced in Chapter 1 so that readers with minimal background in at least one of these areas should be able to compre hend much of the whole. This book is written primarily as an original research treatise rather than as a review of the literature. However, many previous studies of fundamental fre quencyare discussed here, and the book should serve as both a reference source and a supplementary text in courses on speech communication taught within a number of disciplines. Because of the complexity of Fo patterns, graphical displays of the results playa particularly important role in this presentation. While the results of each experiment are summarized and discussed verbally within the text, the graphical displays, by comparison, represent a more inte gral part of this book than is often the case in treatments of speech production.
|Publisher:||Springer New York|
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1981|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.02(d)|
Table of Contents
1. Introduction.- Previous Studies of Fundamental Frequency.- Linguistic Structure and F0.- Speech Production and F0.- Anatomy and Physiology of the Larynx.- Laryngeal Features for Plosive Consonants.- Acoustics and F0.- The Present Study.- Phenomena.- Issues.- Methods.- Sentence-Reading Procedure.- Acoustical Measurement of F0.- Statistical Analysis.- Summary.- Conclusion.- 2. Declination.- Study 2.1. The F0 Topline and the Topline Rule.- Experiments.- Study 2.2. Topline Rule Invariance and Extensions.- Experiments.- Study 2.3. The Domain of F0 Declination.- Experiments.- General Conclusions.- 3. Fall-Rise Patterns.- Study 3.1. Clause Boundaries.- Experiments.- Conclusion.- Study 3.2. Phrase Boundaries.- Experiments.- Conclusion.- Study 3.3. Deletion Sites.- Experiments.- Conclusion.- General Conclusions.- 4. Blocking.- Study 4.1. Stress Blocking.- Conclusion.- Study 4.2. Voiced-Voiceless Blocking.- Experiments.- General Conclusions.- 5. Conclusions.- Consolidation.- New Directions.- 6. Extensions.- Language Development (From Infancy through Adulthood).- Pathology.- Aphasia.- Speech Training of Hearing-Impaired Children.- Autism.- Laryngeal Pathology.- Global Pathologies.- Personality and Emotion.- Perception.- Memory.- Speech Synthesis-by-Rule.- Speech Recognition by Machine.- Speaker Recognition.- Animal Communication.- Other Languages.- Dialects.- Tone Languages.- Conclusion.- References.- Author Index.