Fundamentals of Measurement in Applied Research available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
- Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Fundamentals of Measurement in Applied Research introduces students to common measurement techniques from applied research so that they can design, produce, and use new tools. The author shows how users of research and assessment tools can become proficient in the production of new instruments. The text reviews details of how psychometric, developmental, and interpretive approaches to measurement are used in a multitude of educational and social sciences. Supporting activities illustrate how researchers use key measurement concepts. The text can be covered one chapter at a time in a formal measurement course or used as a supplementary text for courses in research design.
- Interdisciplinary measurement techniques from psychology, education, anthropology, linguistics, and political science are reviewed so that students can understand controversies and similarities in how concepts are evaluated.
- New measurement techniques for evaluating human functioning include assessing individual differences, change, and cultural variability.
- Making Connections dialogue boxes and examples in every chapter link measurement concepts to existing research by encouraging students to focus on their own research interests while learning basic measurement techniques.
- Learning by Doing activities have been designed for each chapter in which students can practice measuring human functioning.
Visit the Learning by Doing Web Site that accompanies this textbook at www.ablongman.com/thorkildsen1e for additional resources!
Learning by Doing activities, designed for each chapter, are available on-line! These activities can be done in class or as independent projects. During classes, students can work with one another as sample participants or work in teams to practice central measurement skills. Comparing their results to published reports, individuals who prefer to work independently can also use these activities to strengthen their data collection and reporting skills. Some activities can be linked directly to an answer key or to published reports of articles from which the tools were extracted. The UIC site is: http://www.uic.edu/educ/measure/.
|Publisher:||Allyn & Bacon, Inc.|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||7.30(w) x 9.22(h) x 1.09(d)|
Table of Contents
Each chapter concludes with “Suggested Readings and Web Sites,” “Learning by Doing,” and “Endnotes.”
1. The Role of Measurement in Research.
Understanding the Structure of Research.
Is a New Study Always Necessary?
Defining a Measurement Purpose.
Differentiating Measurement Concerns.
2. Integrity in the Research Enterprise.
Is a Study Warranted?
Interacting With Participants.
Identifying Appropriate Measurement Tools.
Implementing a Study With Accuracy.
Questioning Personal Judgment.
3. Assumptions of Psychometric Measurement.
Coordinating Theory and Measurement.
Strategies for Linking Indicants and Constructs.
Exploring Relationships Among Indicants.
Distortions and Other Response Effects.
4. Measuring Attitudes.
Scale Development Procedures.
Types of Scales.
Stimulus, Then Person Scaling.
Dilemmas for Single Item Scales.
Simultaneous Stimulus and Person Scaling.
Evaluating the Qualities of Indicants: Item Analysis.
Evaluating Relationships Among Indicants: Reliability.
Evaluating Relationships between Indicants and Concepts: Validity.
Attitudes as Beliefs, Opinions, or Values.
5. Measuring Personality.
Types of Personality Measures.
Ideal Qualities of Indicants.
Dimensions of Reliability.
Impediments to Measuring Personality.
Characteristics of Personality.
6. Measuring Intelligence and Abilities.
What is Intelligence?
What is Ability?
Differentiating Ability and Skill.
Differentiating Ability and Intelligence.
Establishing a Theoretical Blueprint.
Common Item Formats.
Item Analysis Procedures.
Measuring General Cognitive Functioning.
7. Measuring Competence and Skills.
What is Competence?
Are Intelligence and Competence Different Constructs?
What is a Skill?
Designing Skill-Focused Tools.
Establishing a Skill-Based Blueprint.
Procedures for test construction.
Measuring Specific Cognitive Functioning.
8. Measuring Behavior and Physiological Reactions.
Measuring Physiological Reactions
Measuring Actions and Reactions
9. Assumptions of Developmental Measurement.
Dimensions of Change.
Types of Change.
10. Representing Structure and Functioning.
Some Common Structural Features.
Common Structural Forms.
Dilemmas in Defining Structures.
Questioning the Overdependence on Judgments.
Measuring Judgments and Explanations.
11. Measuring Temporal Change.
Steps in Theory-Building.
Challenges of Measuring Temporal Change.
Different Forms of Temporal Change.
Calibrating Temporal Variables.
Standardizing Temporal Variables.
12. Measuring Diversity in Human Functioning.
Coordinating Individual Variation and Diversity.
13. Assumptions About Interpretive Measurement.
Approaches to Interpretation.
Types of Interpretive Research.
Purposes of Interpretive Research.
Dependability and Credibility.
Purposes for Interpretive Measurement.
14. Measuring Cycles of a Life's Course.
Purposes for Exploring Individual Lives.
Measuring Lives in Socio-cultural Contexts.
Means of Text Production.
Dependable and Credible Evidence.
The Story of a Life.
15. Measuring Group Structures and Functioning.
Assumptions About Groups.
Purposes for Measuring Groups.
Minimizing Bias in Describing Groups.
Dependability and Credibility in Inferences.
Confirming Classifications, Networks, and Structures.
Groups as Levels of Organization.
16. Measuring Micro- and Macro-Cultures.
Analysis of Text.
Measuring Cultural Rituals.
Combining Sources of Evidence.
Studying Cultures as Social Organizations.