ISBN-10:
0205380662
ISBN-13:
9780205380664
Pub. Date:
11/05/2004
Publisher:
Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Fundamentals of Measurement in Applied Research

Fundamentals of Measurement in Applied Research

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205380664
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Publication date: 11/05/2004
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 550
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 9.22(h) x 1.09(d)

Table of Contents

Each chapter concludes with “Suggested Readings and Web Sites,” “Learning by Doing,” and “Endnotes.”

Preface.

1. The Role of Measurement in Research.

Understanding the Structure of Research.

Is a New Study Always Necessary?

Defining a Measurement Purpose.

Differentiating Measurement Concerns.

2. Integrity in the Research Enterprise.

Ethical Principles.

Is a Study Warranted?

Interacting With Participants.

Identifying Appropriate Measurement Tools.

Implementing a Study With Accuracy.

Reporting Results.

Disseminating Findings.

Questioning Personal Judgment.

Learning Ethics.

3. Assumptions of Psychometric Measurement.

Coordinating Theory and Measurement.

Strategies for Linking Indicants and Constructs.

Measurement Language.

Numerical Representations.

Exploring Relationships Among Indicants.

Distortions and Other Response Effects.

Comparing Assumptions.

4. Measuring Attitudes.

Scale Development Procedures.

Types of Scales.

Person Scaling.

Stimulus, Then Person Scaling.

Dilemmas for Single Item Scales.

Simultaneous Stimulus and Person Scaling.

Evaluating the Qualities of Indicants: Item Analysis.

Evaluating Relationships Among Indicants: Reliability.

Evaluating Relationships between Indicants and Concepts: Validity.

Attitudes as Beliefs, Opinions, or Values.

5. Measuring Personality.

Types of Personality Measures.

Nomothetic Measurement.

Ideal Qualities of Indicants.

Dimensions of Reliability.

Validity Considerations.

Impediments to Measuring Personality.

Characteristics of Personality.

6. Measuring Intelligence and Abilities.

What is Intelligence?

What is Ability?

Differentiating Ability and Skill.

Differentiating Ability and Intelligence.

Establishing a Theoretical Blueprint.

Common Item Formats.

Item Analysis Procedures.

Reliability.

Validity.

Measuring General Cognitive Functioning.

7. Measuring Competence and Skills.

What is Competence?

Are Intelligence and Competence Different Constructs?

What is a Skill?

Designing Skill-Focused Tools.

Establishing a Skill-Based Blueprint.

Procedures for test construction.

Reliability.

Validity.

Measuring Specific Cognitive Functioning.

8. Measuring Behavior and Physiological Reactions.

Measuring Behavior

Measuring Physiological Reactions

Measuring Actions and Reactions

9. Assumptions of Developmental Measurement.

Dimensions of Change.

Types of Change.

Measuring Change.

Measuring Development.

10. Representing Structure and Functioning.

Some Common Structural Features.

Common Structural Forms.

Dilemmas in Defining Structures.

Questioning the Overdependence on Judgments.

Measuring Judgments and Explanations.

Investigators' Skills.

Calibrating Tools.

Standardization.

Generalizability.

Representing Development.

11. Measuring Temporal Change.

Steps in Theory-Building.

Challenges of Measuring Temporal Change.

Different Forms of Temporal Change.

Calibrating Temporal Variables.

Standardizing Temporal Variables.

Making Generalizations.

Verifying Development.

12. Measuring Diversity in Human Functioning.

Individual Variation.

Diversity.

Interactive Measurement.

Normative Measurement.

Calibrating Tools.

Standardizing Tools.

Supporting Generalizations.

Coordinating Individual Variation and Diversity.

13. Assumptions About Interpretive Measurement.

Approaches to Interpretation.

Types of Interpretive Research.

Purposes of Interpretive Research.

Minimizing Bias.

Dependability and Credibility.

Confirmability.

Purposes for Interpretive Measurement.

14. Measuring Cycles of a Life's Course.

Purposes for Exploring Individual Lives.

Measuring Identity.

Measuring Interactions.

Measuring Lives in Socio-cultural Contexts.

Means of Text Production.

Calibrating Measures.

Dependable and Credible Evidence.

Confirming Generalizations.

The Story of a Life.

15. Measuring Group Structures and Functioning.

Assumptions About Groups.

Purposes for Measuring Groups.

Minimizing Bias in Describing Groups.

Dependability and Credibility in Inferences.

Confirming Classifications, Networks, and Structures.

Groups as Levels of Organization.

16. Measuring Micro- and Macro-Cultures.

Analysis of Text.

Measuring Cultural Rituals.

Collecting Artifacts.

Combining Sources of Evidence.

Studying Cultures as Social Organizations.

References.

Appendices.

Tables.

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